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Communications Magazine, IEEE

Issue 3 • Date March 2006

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 34
  • IEEE Communications Magazine

    Page(s): 0_1
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  • Table of Contents

    Page(s): 4 - 5
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  • ComSoc's membership development

    Page(s): 6 - 8
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  • Proposing a feature topic

    Page(s): 10
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  • Book reviews

    Page(s): 12
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  • Conference calendar

    Page(s): 14 - 16
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  • New products

    Page(s): 20 - 21
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  • Announcement

    Page(s): 23
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  • Table of contents

    Page(s): 27
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  • Book reviews

    Page(s): 32
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  • Further evolution of 3G radio access

    Page(s): 34 - 35
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  • Technical solutions for the 3G long-term evolution

    Page(s): 38 - 45
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    Work has started in the 3GPP to define a long-term evolution for 3G, sometimes referred to as super-3G, which will stretch the performance of 3G technology, thereby meeting user expectations in a 10-year perspective and beyond. The fundamental targets of this evolution - to further reduce user and operator costs and to improve service provisioning - will be met through improved coverage and system capacity as well as increased data rates and reduced latency. This article presents promising technologies to fulfil these targets, including OFDM, multi-antenna solutions, evolved QoS and link layer concepts, and an evolved architecture. Furthermore, the results of a performance evaluation are presented, indicating that the requirements can indeed be reached using the proposed technologies. View full abstract»

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  • Evolution of cdma2000 cellular networks: multicarrier EV-DO

    Page(s): 46 - 53
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    The evolution of cdma2000 1xEV-DO systems to multicarrier EV-DO (supported by 1xEV-DO Revision B) is discussed in this article. Multicarrier EV-DO offers a backward-compatible upgrade to leverage existing 1xEV-DO networks and terminals. It allows a software upgrade to multicarrier EV-DO using 1xEV-DO Revision A base station hardware. Multicarrier operation achieves higher efficiencies relative to single-carrier by exploiting channel frequency selectivity, improved transmit efficiencies on the reverse link, and adaptive load balancing across carriers. Multicarrier EV-DO enables very high-speed download, high-resolution video telephony, and improved user experience with concurrent applications. The sources of higher efficiency are discussed in detail in this article. It also enables hybrid frequency reuse deployment scenarios that enable spectrally efficient operation and significant improvement in edge coverage performance with hardware-efficient implementations. The evolved wider bandwidth systems (up to 20 MHz) based on multicarrier EV-DO offer operators a cost-effective solution that competes favorably with other technologies. View full abstract»

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  • Evolution map from TD-SCDMA to FuTURE B3G TDD

    Page(s): 54 - 61
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    The rapid growth of mobile applications in recent years has created a need for wideband wireless communication. The only predictable trend is that data-rate and QoS requirements will increase rapidly. This demand is pushing time-division-synchronous code-division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) to evolve in order to provide higher and higher data rates. This article presents the evolution map from TD-SCDMA to future terrestrial universal radio environment (FuTURE) TDD in China. The evolution includes four phases: low chip rate (LCR), high-speed downlink/uplink packet access (HSxPA)/TD-SCDMA EV 1x, long-term evolution (LTE) TDD, and FuTURE beyond 3G TDD. The main features of each phase are described in detail. By introducing the new technologies into the system step by step, for example, multiple input and multiple output (MIMO), orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), TD-SCDMA system can evolve to FuTURE B3G TDD smoothly, and provide high-data-rate services with low cost, low latency, and improved coverage and capacity. View full abstract»

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  • Deployment of the GMPLS control plane for grid applications in experimental high-performance networks

    Page(s): 65 - 73
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    In this article we present a review of the latest activities in recent experimental high-performance optical networks such as ultrascience network (USN), dynamic resource allocation via GMPLS optical network (DRAGON), and circuit-switched high-speed end-to-end transport architecture (CHEETAH). We compare the control and management approaches adopted in each of these networks and analyze their capabilities vis-a-vis the functional requirements of grid computing applications. Grid computing is increasingly on the rise to meet the massive processing and storage demands of a new class of e-science physics applications that may generate and require the processing of data sets reaching terabytes per day. The requirements of these applications challenge the limitations of the networking technologies that are in place today. In particular, the area of network management and control is undergoing significant developments in order to meet the demands of these applications. It is the purpose of this article to share our experiences in the deployment of the GMPLS control plane in these experimental optical networks. It is our belief that these and similar efforts will result in significant progress toward enabling connection-oriented high-performance networking. This new paradigm will encompass grid computing applications as well as commercial, health, and entertainment services, thus making it useful to the public at large. View full abstract»

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  • Signaling architectures and recovery time scaling for grid applications in IST Project MUPBED

    Page(s): 74 - 82
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    It is now evident to the research community that local computational resources cannot keep up in an economical way with the demands generated by some users/applications. Therefore, distributed computing and the concept of a computational grid are now emerging. Novel transport network concepts are needed to support such visions, and high-speed intelligent optical networking may be the required infrastructure that will enable global grids. Emerging utility grid applications like business continuity and disaster recovery have strong requirements on the dynamic optical networks connecting the distributed grid resources. Supporting grid networking with an intelligent optical network (ION) infrastructure will allow utility grid applications the necessary flexibility with the required QoS (e.g., high bandwidth, reliability, limited delay). Emerging QoS requirements, such as scalable recovery time, highly depend on the ION's signaling architecture. This article gives simple analytical models for the implementation options of optical control plane signaling, shows simulation models for different resilience strategies, and offers some illustrative numerical comparisons to support the aforementioned efforts. This research area is also discussed, among others, in the European research project Multi-Partner European Testbeds for Research Networking (MUPBED). View full abstract»

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  • DRAGON: a framework for service provisioning in heterogeneous grid networks

    Page(s): 84 - 90
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    Dynamic resource allocation in GMPLS optical networks (DRAGON) defines a research and experimental framework for high-performance networks required by grid computing and e-science applications. The DRAGON project is developing technology and deploying network infrastructure which allows dynamic provisioning of network resources in order to establish deterministic paths in direct response to end-user requests. This includes multidomain provisioning of traffic-engineering paths using a distributed control plane across heterogeneous network technologies while including mechanisms for authentication, authorization, accounting (AAA), and scheduling. A reference implementation of this framework has been instantiated in the Washington, DC area and is being utilized to conduct research and development into the deployment of optical networks technologies toward the satisfaction of very-high-performance science application requirements. View full abstract»

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  • Optical dynamic intelligent network services (ODIN): an experimental control-plane architecture for high-performance distributed environments based on dynamic lightpath provisioning

    Page(s): 92 - 99
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    Currently, many large-scale, resource-intensive applications and services are being developed that can be supported only with high-performance, highly distributed, heterogeneous infrastructures, including grids. This type of infrastructure is particularly effective for supporting applications and services that must quickly adjust to continuously changing conditions. Such processes require the flexibility of highly adaptive, dynamic, and deterministic resource provisioning. One such architecture is described here. To enhance the performance and flexibility of distributed environments, an experimental architecture for optical dynamic intelligent network (ODIN) services has been designed to enable core optical network capabilities to extend to edge processes, including applications. This architecture allows those processes to directly address arid control core network resources, for example, individual lightpaths on demand. This approach supports flexible and deterministic communications by integrating signaled requirements with adjustable network resources. An experimental prototype of ODIN has been designed, developed, and implemented on several optical network testbeds. View full abstract»

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  • Applications drive secure lightpath creation across heterogeneous domains

    Page(s): 100 - 106
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    We realize an open, programmable paradigm for application-driven network control by way of a novel network plane - the "service plane" - layered above legacy networks. The service plane bridges domains, establishes trust, and exposes control to credited users/applications while preventing unauthorized access and resource theft. The authentication, authorization, and accounting subsystem and the dynamic resource allocation controller are the two defining building blocks of our service plane. In concert, they act upon an interconnection request or a restoration request according to application requirements, security credentials, and domain-resident policy. We have experimented with such service plane in an optical, large-scale testbed featuring two hubs (NetherLight in Amsterdam, StarLight in Chicago) and attached network clouds, each representing an independent domain. The dynamic interconnection of the heterogeneous domains occurred at Layer 1. The interconnections ultimately resulted in an optical end-to-end path (lightpath) for use by the requesting grid application. View full abstract»

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  • Topology discovery services for monitoring the global grid

    Page(s): 110 - 117
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    The dynamic joint optimization of both computational and network resources has the potential of guaranteeing optimal performance Io geographically distributed grid applications. A grid network information and monitoring service (NIMS) has been recently proposed to complement computational resource status information with network resource status information. NIMS information includes, but is not limited to, information already available in the network control plane (e.g., network topology, link capacity occupation, communication delay). This study first reviews some measurement methodologies and network sensors suitable for implementing NIMS components, and then describes some tools currently utilized for monitoring grid network infrastructures. Finally, two implementations of a NIMS component, called the topology discovery service (TDS), are proposed and evaluated. The TDS provides grid users (e.g., applications) or the programming environment middleware with up-to-date information on the grid network infrastructure topology and status. Both proposed implementations can be utilized in any global grid network based on commercial routers without requiring modifications of router management and control protocols. View full abstract»

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  • On the use of connection-oriented networks to support grid computing

    Page(s): 118 - 123
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    The vision of grid computing is to enable an arbitrary set of general-purpose computers to be recruited dynamically and be interconnected through a general-purpose network for the parallel execution of complex programs. The scale and ubiquity of the Internet makes it the natural network of choice for grid computing. However, for some applications, rate- and delay-guaranteed communication services are needed. These needs are driving the exploration of connection-oriented (CO) optical networks as a candidate for grid computing. In this article, we consider the suitability of CO networks equipped with generalized multiprotocol label switching (GMPLS) control-plane protocols for grid computing. We identify two areas in which current GMPLS implementations need enhancements to better support the needs of grid computing. First, we note a need to improve call setup delays by several orders of magnitude. We describe our proof-of-concept prototype implementation of a hardware-accelerated RSVP-TE engine that cuts setup delays from hundreds of milliseconds (typical in current equipment) to the order of microseconds. Second, noting the availability of different types of CO networks, we present a case for enhancements to control "heterogeneous connections," that is, connections that traverse multiple types of CO networks. We describe a distributed signaling procedure for the setup of such connections. View full abstract»

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  • A view on enabling-consumer oriented grids through optical burst switching

    Page(s): 124 - 131
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    As grid computing continues to gain popularity in the research community, it also attracts more attention from the enterprise and consumer levels. Applications in these domains generate large amounts of jobs, with individual jobs having only modest resource requirements. In this article, a novel architecture to realize a highly scalable and flexible platform for consumer-oriented grids is proposed. The architecture is based on an optical burst switched network, complemented with an advanced control and signaling plane. The architecture, functionality, and interfaces of all the relevant entities are presented and issues, current initiatives, and future directions for the control and management of these grid networks are discussed. View full abstract»

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  • Network and service management series

    Page(s): 132
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Aims & Scope

IEEE Communications Magazine covers all areas of communications such as lightwave telecommunications, high-speed data communications, personal communications systems (PCS), ISDN, and more.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Sean Moore
Centripetal Networks