By Topic

Radar, Sonar and Navigation, IEE Proceedings -

Issue 3 • Date 3 June 2005

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 16 of 16
  • Editorial: Passive radar systems

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 105 - 106
    Cited by:  Papers (26)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (58 KB)  

    This IEE Special Issue on passive radar systems coincides with the seventieth anniversary of the first British radar experiment at Daventry in February 1935. The papers in this Special Issue cover the full spectrum of topics currently being researched in the area of passive radar systems. There are papers addressing the use of a variety of transmitters of opportunity -FM radio, digital audio broad... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • FM radio based bistatic radar

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 107 - 115
    Cited by:  Papers (170)  |  Patents (5)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (832 KB)  

    An experimental bistatic radar system is described that detects and tracks targets to ranges in excess of 150 km from the receiver, using echoes from a non-cooperative FM radio transmitter. The system concept and limitations on performance are described, followed by details of the processing used to implement the system. An adaptive filter algorithm is described that is used to efficiently remove ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Passive radar using Global System for Mobile communication signal: theory, implementation and measurements

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 116 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (75)  |  Patents (3)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (686 KB)  

    Passive radars using illuminators of opportunity have attracted much attention in the international radar community. One existing radio transmission system that may be utilised for this purpose is the Global System for Mobile communication (GSM). This paper presents a study showing the feasibility of using a GSM signal for passive radar. The analysis of the GSM waveform, and any significance or in... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Signal detectability in SS-BSAR with GNSS non-cooperative transmitter

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 124 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (23)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (246 KB)  

    Power budget analysis is considered for signal detection in bistatic synthetic aperture radar, with global navigation satellite systems acting as non-cooperative transmitters. The signal detection is analysed against thermal noise, in addition to interference introduced by the transmitting satellites sharing the same frequency bands. Two basic radar receiver configurations are considered: on an ae... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • DTV signal ambiguity function analysis for radar application

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 133 - 142
    Cited by:  Papers (54)  |  Patents (1)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (591 KB)  

    Signals transmitted by digital television-terrestrial (DTV-T) stations are analysed as a non-cooperative illuminator in bistatic radar. It is shown that the original DTV-T signal contains random and some deterministic components. The use of this signal for radar applications is studied on the basis of an ambiguity function (AF). Signal processing algorithms at the reception side are then proposed ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Passive detection using digital broadcasters (DAB, DVB) with COFDM modulation

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 143 - 152
    Cited by:  Papers (74)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1358 KB)  

    For some years, 'coded orthogonal frequency division multiplexing' (COFDM) has been emerging in many European countries. This waveform is used for digital audio broadcasting (DAB) with 1.5 MHz bandwidth and for terrestrial digital video broadcasting (DVB) with 7.6 MHz bandwidth. The objective of the study is to prove the feasibility of target detection using such COFDM broadcasters. After a descri... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Passive coherent location radar systems. Part 1: performance prediction

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 153 - 159
    Cited by:  Papers (111)  |  Patents (3)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)  

    Passive coherent location (PCL) systems are a variant of bistatic radar that exploit 'illuminators of opportunity' as their sources of radar transmission. Dispensing with the need for a dedicated transmitter makes PCL inherently low cost, and hence attractive for a broad range of applications. Although a number of experimental and development examples exist, relatively little has been reported on ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Passive coherent location radar systems. Part 2: waveform properties

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 160 - 168
    Cited by:  Papers (70)  |  Patents (1)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (844 KB)  

    Resolution and ambiguity in both range and Doppler are parameters of fundamental importance in the design and subsequent performance of any radar system. In this paper, practical measurements of transmitted waveforms are reported and used to illustrate their effects on the resulting system design and performance. In particular, the 'self-ambiguity' which enables the limits on range and Doppler res... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Multi-static entirely passive detection of moving targets and its limitations

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 169 - 173
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (319 KB)  

    The concept of fully passive detection of moving targets based on thermal radiation in the microwave range is presented. The classical approach for target detection, based on a single receiver, allows detection of the target in the case when its temperature is significantly higher than the background. The fundamental problem, i.e., distinction between stationary and moving targets, may be solved u... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Masking effect and its removal in PCL radar

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 174 - 178
    Cited by:  Papers (29)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (399 KB)  

    Nowadays, passive coherent location (PCL) radar technology has become a subject of intensive investigation owing to its unique features, such as the absence of range and velocity ambiguity, low probability of interception (LPI), small size and low price. A study of PCL radar performance for the case when a distant, weak target echo is shadowed by strong echoes is presented. The presented method in... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Improved computational performance for distributed passive radar processing through channelised data

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 179 - 184
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (4)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (254 KB)  

    Passive radars provide excellent Doppler spectral estimates for deep, fluctuating targets. Because the radar illumination is unpredictable, a full lag-profile or cross-ambiguity analysis must be performed to extract the scatterer power spectrum as a function of range. Two techniques (coherent integration and channelisation), that may be used to achieve significant speed improvements, are demonstra... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Region-enhanced passive radar imaging

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 185 - 194
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1508 KB)  

    The authors adapt and apply a recently-developed region-enhanced synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image reconstruction technique to the problem of passive radar imaging. One goal in passive radar imaging is to form images of aircraft using signals transmitted by commercial radio and television stations that are reflected from the objects of interest. This involves reconstructing an image from sparse... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Probability hypothesis density-based multitarget tracking with bistatic range and Doppler observations

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 195 - 205
    Cited by:  Papers (54)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1639 KB)  

    R.P.S. Mahler's probability hypothesis density (PHD) provides a promising framework for the passive coherent location of targets observed via multiple bistatic radar measurements. A particle filter implementation of the Bayesian PHD filter is applied to target tracking using both range and Doppler measurements from a simple non-directional receiver that exploits non-cooperative FM radio transmitte... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Determining possible receiver locations for passive radar

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 206 - 214
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB)  

    The authors present a methodology to determine the effects of real environments on the selection of possible receiver locations for a passive radar (PR) system. Considered are: specific terrain and atmospheric information; available signal sources; coverage needs, especially for low altitudes. Resolving all possible receiver locations allows for analysis from different operational and technical vi... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Constellation of multisensors in bearing-only location system

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 215 - 218
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (440 KB)  

    The constellation of multisensors in a bearing-only location system is studied. Through mathematical calculation, the paper gives the optimal cut angle with the condition that the circular probable error is minimum in the whole detection region. At the same time, the minimum area of the error trapezium is given. The relationship between the circular probable error and the bearing measurements of p... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • TDOA and T2/R radar based target location method and performance analysis

    Publication Year: 2005 , Page(s): 219 - 223
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (543 KB)  

    A target location method based on time difference of arrival (TDOA) sequences with a two-transmitter/one-receiver (T2/R) passive radar is presented. After demonstrating the observability of the system, the authors obtain two group nonlinear equations about TDOA in the Cartesian system of co-ordinates. Using measured TDOA data and linearising the equations, the target object is located b... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

Aims & Scope

IEE Proceedings Radar, Sonar and Navigation covers the theory and practice of systems involving the processing of signals for radar, radio location, radio navigation and surveillance purposes.

Full Aims & Scope