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Proceedings of the IEEE

Issue 3 • Date March 1975

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 33
  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Scanning the issue

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 340 - 344
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Structure of the world economy—Outline of a simple input-output formulation

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 345 - 351
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (687 KB)  

    This invited paper presents the outline of a simple input formulation of a structure of the world economy. Such a formulation should provide a framework for assembling and organizing the mass of factual data needed to describe and understand the world economy. View full abstract»

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  • Towards a theory of application in systems science

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 351 - 354
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (426 KB)  

    The actual utilization of systems science, especially social systems engineering, has not measured up to the plethora of theories and examples of potential applications in the literature. To begin developing a theory of application in systems science, one may consider modeling the systems scientist as a system or consider nonsystems approaches that would include the political influence, feelings, ... View full abstract»

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  • Transferring ideas from engineering to the social sciences

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 354 - 359
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    Shifting socioeconomic forces have led many engineers to focus their professional attention on Societal and managerial problems, as opposed to those for which they were trained. Many of theories one carries as an engineer appear to be quite applicable to socioeconomic problems, but as several case histories show, there are subtle conditions which may prevent a direct transfer of ideas. Some guidel... View full abstract»

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  • Social decision analysis

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 359 - 371
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1261 KB)  

    How can a diverse free society find decision mechanisms that are logical, efficient, and timely? This is a problem that has challenged man at least from the time of Plato's Republic. We see today factions of society arguing over alternatives rather than over values or probabilities. Adversary proceedings encourage people to advocate extremes rather than a careful balance of several considerations.... View full abstract»

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  • Technology assessment in public policy: A new instrument for social management of technology

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 371 - 379
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1146 KB)  

    In a cultural tradition that man not lose control over his destiny, society must be the keeper of its technology. Toward that end, society already directs specialized technical knowledge to achieve its needs and wants, employing a host of public and private institutions. First in potency among these is the federal government. There is a problem, however, of conflicts in goals, policies and institu... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a better understanding of social systems

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 380 - 390
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    In general outline, this paper 1)summarizes a number of what are currently thought to be our most important national problems and policy issues; 2) explains why attempts to deal with such problems in the past have often met with failure; 3) outlines in general terms what it is we must do differently if we are to have any hope of explaining and dealing more adequately with such problems; and 4) dis... View full abstract»

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  • An introductory world energy model

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 390 - 396
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    The energy problem has suddenly placed new demands on engineering education. The magnitude of the problem and its resolution through the creative application of scientific and engineering principles will no doubt require that essentially all new engineering graduates have some background in basic concepts pertaining to energy production, distribution and utilization. These three aspects of the ene... View full abstract»

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  • An introduction to the application of interpretive structural modeling

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 397 - 404
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (685 KB)  

    Interpretive structural modeling is an emerging methodology which appears to be very useful as an aid to individuals and small groups in developing an understanding of complex situations. This paper presents an introduction to the fundamental concepts and operations of the methodology and reports on the results of two exercises conducted with a group of graduate students who had minimal mathematic... View full abstract»

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  • Simulation, evaluation, and conflict analysis in urban planning

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 405 - 413
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (979 KB)  

    Recent developments in urban simulation try to avoid failures of earlier models by being more open to changing problems, more aware of the social context of problems, and by paying more attention to user involvement. In this paper, a pragmatic approach is presented which combines dynamic simulation, multiattributive evaluation, and group participation. The approach consists of a combination of a m... View full abstract»

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  • Theory of optimum economic growth and energy policy

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 414 - 421
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (671 KB)  

    The present paper gives a concise but self-contained treatment of optimum economic growth theory and then reformulate it to study the policy implications of the present situation of limited energy resources of various forms. The optimum energy policy so obtained is justifiable in terms of common sense, and economic principles, but is at variance with current energy policy. View full abstract»

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  • Economic theories and empirical models of location choice and land use: A survey

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 421 - 430
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    This is a survey of the theoretical and empirical models of location choice and land use in cities. The survey is conducted from a historical perspective and the models are critically evaluated in terms of their logical structure. Special attention is given to the technical difficulties created when the assumption of the convexity of the production technology is dropped. It is indicated why furthe... View full abstract»

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  • Input-output models in economic and environmental policy analyses

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 431 - 437
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (659 KB)  

    This paper discusses the use of input-output models for the analyses of economic growth and resulting environmental, resource and related issues. The emphasis is on discussion of a general structure and characteristics of the input-output models and on their uses for policy analysis. A large number of such analyses can be undertaken using input-output models. These include analysis of pollution ge... View full abstract»

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  • A dynamic Leontief model for a productive system

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 438 - 443
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (582 KB)  

    Static input-output analysis of economic systems via Leontief matrices and related concepts has been well known for many years. There have been Various attempts to extend this to dynamic systems. A dynamic model is proposed in this paper which takes advantage of the Leontief matrix formulation. This model makes possible the description of the dynamic transition from one state of production to anot... View full abstract»

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  • The eight scenarios for urban revitalization

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 444 - 451
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (946 KB)  

    Eight initiatives for revitalizing urban America within the current century are given. These scenarios are weighted by four ranking criteria and ranked. The eight scenarios are: growth centers, new towns-in-town, satellite developments, free-standing new communities, benign neglect, microrevitalization, elimination of cities, and the transcendental solution. View full abstract»

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  • A working system for social service delivery

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 451 - 463
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1048 KB)  

    The design of a system to provide for delivery of social services to clients and accountability to the state is presented. An introduction to actual systems problems in social services delivery is provided together with the human interaction processes necessary to bring successfully the systems approach to social service delivery. An analysis of case histories has been accomplished to determine co... View full abstract»

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  • Community dialog technology

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 463 - 475
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1601 KB)  

    For the past three years, the M.I.T. Community Dialog Project has facilitated approximately 200 group meetings, settings ranging from high schools and universities to political and industrial organizations, from senior citizens groups and rotary clubs to state and national assemblies of government officials, scientists and businessmen. Using electronic voting technology and specially designed meet... View full abstract»

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  • Energy systems: Modeling and policy planning

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 475 - 483
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    An overview of modeling in the energy field and its role in the formulation of national energy policy is presented. The nature of the modeling task and the various steps that it encompasses are described. The methodological alternatives available to the energy system planner in the conceptualization, development, and use of models are presented. Alternative policy instruments in the various supply... View full abstract»

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  • Energy impact of consumption decisions

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 484 - 493
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    The energy cost of goods and services is computed, and applications are discussed. The method utilizes the data base of input-output economics, but entails additional analysis. Applications range over consumption options for individuals, business, industry, and government; from the total energy cost of bus versus auto travel to the national import-export balance. View full abstract»

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  • Decision analysis for the siting of nuclear power plants—The relevance of multiattribute utility theory

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 494 - 501
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (918 KB)  

    The necessity for improved decision making concerning the siting and licensing of major power facilities has been accelerated in the past decade by the increased environmental consciousness of the public and by the energy crisis. These problems are exceedingly complex due to their multiple objective nature, the many interest groups, the long-range time horizons, and the inherent uncertainties of t... View full abstract»

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  • Ecology, engineering, and economics

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 501 - 511
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    There appears to be increasing evidence that contemporary social and environmental problems and energy shortage are symptomatic of prebreakdown stresses inherent in the technical and socioeconomic organization of our system of production and consumption processes as it evolved under the "explosive" force of the industrial revolution. In an effort to understand these stresses and evaluate alternati... View full abstract»

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  • Large-scale models for policy decisions

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 511 - 518
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (865 KB)  

    The subject of large-scale modeling has always been one of great controversy. Recently there appears to be both an increase in the call from the user community for such tools, and writing on business of difficulties associated with producing them. This article is an attempt to investigate the feasibility of producing such models. It is a summary of a forthcoming book on the same subject. It looks ... View full abstract»

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  • A contribution to the decision making in environmental design

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 518 - 528
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1229 KB)  

    This descriptive paper explains what is included in the general subject of environmental design. Emphasis is on the structure of environmental design problems and the role of systems specialists in their resolution. A method for solving the "site selection" class of problems is presented and a case history using this method is given. View full abstract»

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  • Discrete signal representation by the method of kernel expansion

    Publication Year: 1975 , Page(s): 535 - 536
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (201 KB)  

    In digital processing of continuous-time signals it is necessary to represent the signal by a sequence. In this letter a number of transforms are presented, generalizing the Poisson transform, which in addition to generating the sequences they also map continuous time-invariant convolution to discrete shift-invariant convolution. View full abstract»

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H. Joel Trussell
North Carolina State University