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Proceedings of the IEEE

Issue 11 • Nov. 1969

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 72
  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Scanning the issue

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1799 - 1801
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Technology and health services

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1802 - 1806
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (606 KB)

    This paper, an introduction to this issue devoted to technology and health services, points out that health systems represent a major electronic market and fertile ground for electrical engineering research and development. After a brief description of the current status of health care in the United States, the author discusses the ways in which technology can contribute to the health care system.... View full abstract»

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  • Engineers and the medical crisis

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1807 - 1808
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (180 KB)

    The medical care crisis in the United States is attributable to a number of factors, among which are the shortage of physicians, the increased demands for care, and the inefficient use of existing facilities. Decent medical care for everyone is nevertheless a realistic goal. Essential to its achievement are the contributions that engineers can make. View full abstract»

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  • Medical engineering in Swedish medical services

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1809 - 1819
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    This paper gives an account of the increased need for engineering experts within the Swedish medical services against a background of the developments in this field. The Swedish definition of the term medical engineering is defined and examples are given of techniques which have been developed in Sweden, and that are not internationally known yet, or which are used more extensively in Sweden than ... View full abstract»

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  • Scientific and social influences on modern medical care delivery

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1819 - 1822
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (498 KB)

    This paper outlines some of the principal problems preventing the delivery of adequate health care to all people in the United States. Important among these is the insufficient number of physicians and medical students, particularly from minority groups. These problems must be overcome before the advancements achieved through the joint efforts of medicine and technology can effectively reach all s... View full abstract»

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  • What is blunting the impact of engineering on hospitals?

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1823 - 1827
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (504 KB)

    It is clear that hospitals today are beset by manifold problems. Some of these vexing problems are amenable to solution by engineering science and technology. It is a cause for concern that the full impact of engineering has not made itself felt on finding solutions to these problems. The reasons for this failure include: 1) inappropriate approaches to the problems, particularly failure to recogni... View full abstract»

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  • Toward automated health services

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1828 - 1842
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    The fragmented and disorganized nature of health care programs and services acts to impede the acceptance of the technological developments and modern business practices needed to provide comprehensive health services of high quality for every person. A national system in the U.S. to provide for a coherent and comprehensive program of medical research, development, and health care services is desc... View full abstract»

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  • Technological opportunities for the delivery of health care

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1842 - 1846
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (603 KB)

    This paper has been designed to examine the programs and aspirations assigned to the National Center for Health Services Research and Development which has just recently been created in Washington, D. C. This Center will be supported by grants and contracts, and will endeavor to promote, support, and stimulate a national program of health-services research, development, and demonstrations. More sp... View full abstract»

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  • Technological development in the health services

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1847 - 1852
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    Technology offers the health services potentials for improving the quality and scope of medical care, for extending the capacities of health workers, and for gaining control of costs. However, there are obstacles to achieving these potentials, some inherent in the nature and tradition of the medical care process, and some in the structure of management incentives in hospitals and industries that m... View full abstract»

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  • A study of health care in western Pennsylvania

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1853 - 1869
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    The present paper represents a summary of the findings of a six month study of health care in the western Pennsylvania region, conducted by the Biotechnology Program of Carnegie-Mellon University during 1968. The study, one of six, was commissioned by the Committee on Engineering in Medicine and Biology of the National Academy of Engineering. A parallel study of Bioengineering in Pennsylvania, spo... View full abstract»

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  • Medical system engineering

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1869 - 1879
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1161 KB)

    Medical system engineering is a theoretical discipline which unifies the methods of analysis and synthesis of complex medical systems, medical technology, and public health services in general. The work of medical institutions typically involves an abundance of medical and economic information, basically in statistical form. Mathematical models of medical institutions establish regularities in the... View full abstract»

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  • A medical service requirements model for health system design

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1880 - 1887
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (880 KB)

    In response to the medical conditions presented by patients, physicians call for a number of services such as lab tests, special therapy, bed rest, and physiologic monitoring. These services, delivered within a variety of institutional settings, account for over half of the cost of medical care. The physician's selection of a care regimen for a patient is currently constrained by traditional healt... View full abstract»

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  • New Mexico's proposed physician-monitored remote areas health program

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1887 - 1893
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    The State of New Mexico is proposing to combine existing technology in biomedical instrumentation, telemetry, data handling, and communications, developed for aerospace applications, with new techniques in public health screening, prevention, and emergency medical treatment, to establish an integrated system of health care for people living in remote areas. The system proposed consists of a physic... View full abstract»

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  • Health care delivery as a social system: Inhibitions and constraints on change

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1894 - 1900
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    The accomplishment of significant organizational or technological change in health care institutions rests on an understanding of the Social forces in those institutions which affect the timing and degree of acceptance of change. The important factors which characterize health institutions, such as fragmented power and competitiveness, along with specialization and allegiances to external organiza... View full abstract»

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  • Practical problems in the use of computers in medical diagnosis

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1900 - 1918
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2046 KB)

    For the computer to assist in the medical diagnosis and treatment processes, a series of systematic mathematical algorithms must be developed that correspond in some sense to the reasoning used by the diagnostician. In terms of the propositional calculus of symbolic logic, the patient presents a symptom profile, G, which is a Boolean function of possible symptoms, either present or absent or undet... View full abstract»

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  • Some medical and mathematical aspects of computer diagnosis

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1919 - 1925
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (868 KB)

    Computers are used in medicine to assist with the two related tasks of increasing diagnostic precision and of making the improved diagnoses more widely available. Following a brief review of the background of computer-aided medical diagnosis, this paper describes the various automated diagnostic methods and their mathematical bases. The efficacies of several diagnostic procedures are compared. The... View full abstract»

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  • A symptom-scoring technique for scheduling patients in a group practice

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1926 - 1933
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (832 KB)

    Specialization of physicians in recent years, coupled with the rapidly growing cost of each specialist's time, has made scheduling an increasingly important problem for group practices and other centralized cooperating groups of physicians. Inefficient or improper scheduling leads to the waste of clinic resources or increased costs to the patient. Current group practice and clinic scheduling syste... View full abstract»

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  • A pilot data system for a medical center

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1934 - 1940
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    Progress in the electronic data processing industry has been noted with interest by the medical community. A need for improvements in data handling in hospitals exists, particularly in those areas directly involved with patient care. Major objectives of a multipurpose hospital medical data system are identified, in addition to important problems. A pilot medical system is described which consists ... View full abstract»

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  • Automation of data acquisition in patient testing

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1941 - 1953
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    Computer processing of medical signals for patient testing has emphasized the role of the data acquisition system. Highly standardized medical data acquisition systems are now required for use with computer processing. This paper discusses analog, digital, and hybrid acquisition systems for use with various computer systems and acquisition site environments. The tradeoffs for on-line and off-line ... View full abstract»

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  • Systems analysis of operational data from a multiphasic screening center

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1953 - 1960
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (736 KB)

    Operational data from a multiphasic test center operated by a city health department was subjected to systems analysis to derive implications for improved sensor management. The actual data process used facilities in Richmond, Va., Portland, Ore., and Washington, D. C., and required several weeks to complete assembly. The process had 3808 subjects at an average flow rate of 1.49 subjects per minut... View full abstract»

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  • PRIME: An operational model for a hospital automated information system

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1961 - 1973
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1259 KB)

    PRIME is an acronym for a subject-oriented computer-based information storage and retrieval system which uses variable length, variable content, natural language, data collection forms. PRIME was developed as a model of a hospital automated information system and has been in operation since March 1965. Experience with this model system has shown that it is important to spend time planning the mana... View full abstract»

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  • Automation of clinical laboratories

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1974 - 1987
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1755 KB)

    Clinical laboratories have the responsibility for providing a variety of tests that are crucial to the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease. Currently, they are faced with a growing task in that the half billion tests they now perform annually will double within the next 5 years under the stress of an increasing demand for health services. This is a critical problem whose solution lies ... View full abstract»

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  • Centralized large-scale clinical testing in a commercial environment

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1988 - 1995
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2581 KB)

    This article will deal with the role of the large medical testing laboratory, and its increasing importance to the medical community. It will illustrate the necessary interrelationship of technological advances in instrumentation, transportation, and communication. The role of the computer with supporting electronic and electrical systems in handling a large volume of clinical test data will be ou... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluation of pulmonary function data using computer time-sharing

    Publication Year: 1969, Page(s):1996 - 1999
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    Evaluation of disturbances in lung function requires a variety of physiological measurements. Absolute values for such determinations are meaningless because the significance of the measured quantities varies with the age, sex, and body size of the subject. At present the norm which is compared with the measured value must be derived from tables or in some instances must be individually calculated... View full abstract»

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H. Joel Trussell
North Carolina State University