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Proceedings of the IEEE

Issue 12 • Date Dec. 1966

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 129
  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Scanning the issue

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1633 - 1635
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A natural language information retrievel system

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1636 - 1640
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (561 KB)

    The problem of natural language information retrieval is difficult because of vocabulary size, semantics, and syntax. For some specialized disciplines, in particular tissue pathology, vocabularies are limited, semantic problems largely disappear, and syntactic structure can be replaced by a much simpler structure. Experience with the language of surgical pathology is given, also an outline of an a... View full abstract»

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  • Use of a time-shared general-purpose file-handling system in hospital research

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1641 - 1648
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (652 KB)

    Techniques in automated data-handling for medical research and patient-care purposes are being investigated using a conversational timeshared computer system. This paper covers the initial design considerations, implementation experience, and user reaction with the prototype set of on-line, multiple-access, general-purpose information storage and retrieval programs. This system is designed to pemi... View full abstract»

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  • Programmed instruction and computer-assisted instruction—An overview

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1648 - 1655
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1207 KB)

    An overview of Programmed Instruction (PI) is presented and its philosophy described. A brief delineation of courses in programmed format for the training of computer programmers and computer maintainers is given. The extent of programmed instruction activity for educating engineers in preparation for assignments is discussed. Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) is defined, and the bridge between ... View full abstract»

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  • The computer in education—Some examples

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1656 - 1662
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (786 KB)

    Educational institutions are now beginning to develop projects and programs, and to find the people to carry out both administrative and instructional activities which involve computer technology. The examples in this paper cover a broad spectrum of activity in handling information which is important to educational decision makers--the teacher, the guidance counsellor, the principal, the administr... View full abstract»

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  • Information dissemination and automatic information systems

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1663 - 1678
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1567 KB)

    Automatic information dissemination, search, and retrieval systems have become increasingly important in recent years, because of the urgency of the information problems themselves, and also because of a wide-spread feeling that computers can help in providing the much needed solutions. Over the past few years much has been learned about the design of automatic information systems and about the ef... View full abstract»

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  • Automatic photointerpretation and target location

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1679 - 1686
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1558 KB)

    The photointerpretation process is one of the most difficult, but seemingly feasible, processes to automate. The non-numeric nature of the basic input medium, the great variation in imagery representing a single target class, the absence of satisfactory mathematical models for background noise (which are often patterns of poteutial, but not immediate interest) as well as target class patterns, and... View full abstract»

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  • Some recent work in artificial intelligence

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1687 - 1697
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1421 KB)

    This paper will review certain approaches to artifical intelligence research--mainly work done since 1960. An important area of research involves designing a machine that can adequately improve its own performance as well as solve other problems normally requiring human intelligence. Work in heuristic programming that seems most relevant to this goal will be discussed at length. Important subprobl... View full abstract»

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  • Man-computer graphics for computer-aided design

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1698 - 1708
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3533 KB)

    This paper reviews the history, concepts, state-of-the-art, and future directions of the use of man-computer graphics for computer-aided design. Computer-aided design is based on a real-time graphical dialogue between the man and the computer in which the man draws on a display by means of a "light pen" or other input device. The computer "understands" the picture, makes calculations based on it, ... View full abstract»

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  • General survey of design automation of digital computers

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1708 - 1721
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1719 KB)

    A review is presented of the use of digital computers in the design and application of new digital systems. The reasons for design automation are a possible reduction in costs, increased problem analysis capabilities, an increase in man's creative ability through man-machine interaction, increased speed of design, change control and documentation, and an increase in the efficiency of available man... View full abstract»

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  • An integrated software system for hybrid flight simulation: The boeing hybrid simulator

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1722 - 1729
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (818 KB)

    The Boeing Hybrid Simulator is a general-purpose hybrid computer designed to provide a laboratory for the development of hybrid methods of solving a variety of aero-space problems as well as to support large-scale simulations. The first such simulation is a Flight Simulation Program which provides both a three-degrees-of-freedom missile performance analysis tool and a six-degrees-of-freedom missil... View full abstract»

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  • The SLAC high-energy spectrometer data acquisition and analysis system

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1730 - 1734
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (560 KB)

    One of the experimental stations for the Stanford two-mile Linear Accelerator is equipped with three large magnetic spectrometers for scattered electron analysis. To maximize data collection rates for these, an SDS 9300 computer with a sizable I/O multiplexing capacity has been programmed for fast real-time data acquisition and on-line analysis. The system is structured to permit the experimenter ... View full abstract»

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  • Spacecraft computers for scientific information systems

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1734 - 1742
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1027 KB)

    The use of spacecraft as vehicles for conducting investigations of the scientific properties of space has rapidly evolved into a complex of interconnected sensors and processors, both on the ground and aloft, termed an information system. Requirements of rapid response to stimuli, continuity of control for protracted periods (perhaps as great as several years), and capability of handling large qua... View full abstract»

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  • Computer control of the Haystack antenna

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1742 - 1751
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1636 KB)

    The 120-foot diameter Haystack antenna operates at X-band and is used for satellite communications, radio astronomy, and radar astronomy. Haystack is used to study stars, planets, the sun, the moon, and earth satellites. In order to point the antenna to within 1/10 beamwidth (22 seconds of arc) and to provide flexible control and data processing for diverse users, a digital computer is tightly int... View full abstract»

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  • The development of computer control in the continuous process industries

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1751 - 1756
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (644 KB)

    Among the many spectacular aspects of the growth of the digital computer field has been its application to industrial process control. From very modest beginnings in 1959 and 1960, the field has now progressed until it is an indispensable part of many new industrial plants, particularly in the steel industry, petrochemical plant operations, refineries, and several others. Due to small memory sizes... View full abstract»

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  • New directions in software 1960-1966

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1757 - 1763
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    This article reviews selected significant developments in the rise of software to an equal partner to computer hardware. Topics covered include transition problems, hardware-software interdependency, control programs, programming languages and their processors and certain data-file management aspects. The period October 1960 to April 1966 is covered. View full abstract»

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  • Time-sharing bibliography

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1764 - 1765
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (229 KB)

    The bibliography includes articles dealing with the simultaneous independent shared use of computers. Real time, on-line, memory or facility allocation, multi-programming, and multi-processing terminology is evolved. Though a number of computer applications are reported, the requirements of special or dedicated time-sharing systems seem to be within the capability of most of the general-purpose ti... View full abstract»

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  • A user machine in a time-sharing system

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1766 - 1774
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (961 KB)

    This paper describes the design of the computer seen by a machine-language programmer in a time-sharing system developed at the University of California at Berkeley. Some of the instructions in this machine are executed by the hardware, and some are implemented by software. The user, however, thinks of them all as part of his machine, a machine having extensive and unusual capabilities, many of wh... View full abstract»

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  • A time-sharing system using an associative memory

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1774 - 1779
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (645 KB)

    The hardware scheme designed to implement an experimental IBM System/360, Model 40 time-sharing system will be discussed. The concept of a virtual system will be introduced which allows up to fifteen simultaneous users on the system, each user assuming he has a complete hardware-software of his own. The problem of building and interfacing a 64- word associative memory mapping device into an existi... View full abstract»

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  • A table-making language

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1779 - 1787
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (878 KB)

    A problem-oriented language is discussed which is a useful tool for producing tabular reports. A program in the language is processed by the Tablemaker 2 system which is a compiler with compile-and-go options utilizing a top-down syntactic analyzer. The Tablemaker 2 language is concise and well-defined. One may describe data files with multiple-record structures, appropriately recode desired varia... View full abstract»

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  • Man-computer problem solving with multilist

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1788 - 1801
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1242 KB)

    The paper reports on augmenting human problem solving capability in the day-to-day work in management or science through provision of information in a large integrated file with split second response to demands for data or program execution. A number of such systems have been developed. However, the description is in terms of the latest system developed at the University of Pennsylvania. In the fi... View full abstract»

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  • Real-time digital simulation for systems control

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1802 - 1812
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB)

    This paper discusses techniques employed in the discrete modeling of physical systems for digital simulation and control applications. Traditional numerical integration techniques provide accurate means of model making but prove too slow for real-time simulation of complex systems or systems with fast response. For rapid digital simulation, a simplified discrete approximation is sought for the lin... View full abstract»

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  • A method of processor selection for interrupt handling in a multiprocessor system

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1812 - 1819
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (789 KB)

    A method of assigning external interrupts to processors in a multiprocessor system is described. Features of a multilevel priority interrupt system are incorporated into a hardware component called the Interrupt Directory. The directory selects the most appropriate processor for servicing the interruption at the time the event occurs. The "appropriateness" for interruption is based on the priority... View full abstract»

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  • Hardware for information processing systems: Today and in the future

    Publication Year: 1966, Page(s):1820 - 1835
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1629 KB)

    A broad, panoramic view of the history, current state-of-the-art, and predicted developments in the central processor, main memory, and peripheral areas of information processing systems is presented. The historic development is discussed by machine generations, and within each generation, the then current state-of-the-art of the three pertinent areas. Emphasis is placed upon the third or current ... View full abstract»

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North Carolina State University