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Proceedings of the IEEE

Issue 5 • Date May 1963

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 62
  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): c1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Poles and zeros

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): 663
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  • Frontispiece

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): 664
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  • The new energy sources issue

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):665 - 666
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  • Recent research on photovoltaic solar energy converters

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):667 - 674
    Cited by:  Papers (5)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (775 KB)

    This paper contains a review of recent work on photovoltaic cells fabricated from semiconductors other than silicon; the effects of radiation on silicon n/p and p/n cells, and gallium arsenide p/n cells; and thin film photovoltaic cells. View full abstract»

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  • Drift fields in photovoltaic solar energy converter cells

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):674 - 693
    Cited by:  Papers (32)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1747 KB)

    A theoretical investigation into the effects of electrostatic drift fields in the diffused region and in the base region of photovoltaic solar energy converter cells has been carried out. Expressions for a single-layer and a two-layer model for each of the two regions have been evolved. These expressions have been applied to the study of the semiconductor parameters in the diffused region with and... View full abstract»

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  • Thermo-photo-voltaic energy conversion

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):694 - 698
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (2)
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    The concept of a thermo-photo-voltaic (TPV) energy converter is introduced and the device compared with thermoelectric and thermionic converters. Features of the TPV converter are that the entire device is kept at room temperature; potential power densities on the order of 10 w/cm2, and potential conversion efficiencies of 30 per cent are possible. Considerations for TPV converter desig... View full abstract»

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  • Theory of materials for thermoelectric and thermomagnetic devices

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):699 - 713
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The relation between the thermoelectric figure of merit Z and the basic properties of the material such as carrier mobilities, band structure, thermal conductivity and minority carrier lifetime is discussed. For isotropic materials with parabolic bands it is shown that the figure of merit based on the Seebeck coefficient will increase when a magnetic field is applied, if acoustic-mode scattering i... View full abstract»

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  • The development of thermoelectric power generators

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):713 - 721
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    This work is a review of the technical developments that have led from early semiconductor research to the emergence of the thermoelectric generator as a rapidly growing power source of high reliability. View full abstract»

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  • A review of thermoelectric refrigeration

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):721 - 725
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (507 KB)

    The advantages of thermoelectric refrigeration, some of its possible applications and its principles of operation are briefly presented. The current state of the art in thermoelectric materials is discussed. The design problems in developing thermoelectric devices and some of the current techniques used to solve them are reviewed. Some information is provided on devices that have been built for th... View full abstract»

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  • Transport effects in cesium thermionic converters

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):725 - 733
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    One of the primary reasons for the failure of thermionic converters to attain their ultimate theoretical performance is electron transport effects occurring in the interelectrode spacing. Two major types of transport effects, electron scattering and electron space charge, are discussed and theoretical results compared with experimental data. The uniform plasma theory is reviewed and experimental d... View full abstract»

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  • Emission physics of the thermionic energy converter

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):733 - 747
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Emission processes establish the upper limit of the performance obtainable in the thermionic converter. This paper briefly introduces the basic factors which must be considered to achieve this limit and outlines recent developments in the related technology. The basic elements of thermal excitation common to these processes are outlined and the results are used to illustrate the interdependence of... View full abstract»

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  • Analysis of the arc mode operation of the cesium vapor thermionic energy converter

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):748 - 754
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
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    An analysis of the cesium vapor arc discharge is presented. It is assumed that the discharge operates in the ball-of-fire mode, that cumulative ionization via the two resonance excited states is the predominant ionization mechanism, and that trapping in the plasma of the resonance radiation results in a long effective lifetime of the excited states. A volt-ampere characteristic is derived for the ... View full abstract»

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  • Radio-frequency oscillations in thermionic diodes

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):754 - 759
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    Radio-frequency oscillations are observed in alkali vapor-filled thermionic diodes at low vapor pressure. A review of the experimental phenomena and attempts at quantitative theoretical understanding is given. Possible applications are for energy conversion and as a diagnostic tool. View full abstract»

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  • Effect of anode emission of electrons on space-charge theory of the plasma thermionic converter

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):760 - 768
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The space-charge potential theory in low-pressure thermionic converters is extended to cover emission of electrons at the anode as well as both ion and electron production at the cathode. The contribution of each of these three sources to the charge density is expressed as a function of potential for the ten most important cases. The first integrations of Poisson's equation are given for each of t... View full abstract»

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  • Some characteristics of a cesium plasma cell

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):769 - 773
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    Many studies about cesium plasma cells have been reported, but it seemed to the authors that there were few in which one could combine experimental results with theoretical ones in the sense that these experimental studies were carried out only in an operating region of almost constant cathode work function, that is, considerably high cathode temperatures. Our measurements were done only in the re... View full abstract»

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  • Nonequilibrium ionization in MHD generators

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):774 - 784
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    In this paper a brief review is given of the basic principles of MHD power generation and its current status. The remainder of the paper will discuss the problem of obtaining the level of gas ionization required for MHD generation. View full abstract»

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  • Fuel cell research in europe

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):784 - 795
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2523 KB)

    This report on fuel cell research on the European continent deals with the main lines of present activities, i.e., high temperature cells with semi-solid electrolytes, the Bacon HYDROX cell operating at medium temperatures and high pressures and the electrochemical energy converters operating at ambient temperature and pressure. The author devotes the main part of his report to these low temperatu... View full abstract»

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  • A summary of practical fuel cell technology to 1963

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):795 - 806
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
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    A survey is made of three types of primary fuel cell systems now in battery engineering phases. The three cell types are: 1) those using aqueous electrolytes; 2) those using molten electrolytes; and 3) those with solid electrolytes. Ten aqueous-electrolyte cell systems, six molten-electrolyte cell systems, and three solid-electrolyte cell systems are reviewed. Seventy-eight references are cited. View full abstract»

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  • Low temperature fuel cells

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):806 - 812
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Fuel cells have emerged from the research laboratories and are now in the state of being actively developed for various military and commercial purposes. The paper tries to describe the principal problems which had to be overcome to build reliably operating, relatively inexpensive cells. The different systems presently used are compared with each other and the possibility of the use of cheap hydro... View full abstract»

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  • Preliminary biochemical fuel cell investigations

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):812 - 819
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (769 KB)

    The action of Desulfovibrio bacteria has been observed in a prototype biochemical fuel cell The catabolic action of this microorganism m a properly balanced system, i.e., containing proper electrolyte-nutrient and bio-fuel combination, shows promise of yielding a practical, low-power biochemical fuel cell generator. Best results to date have been obtained with fresh mushroom as the bio-fuel where ... View full abstract»

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  • Electrode kinetics and fuel cells

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):820 - 837
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    This paper is a presentation of some of those aspects of electrode kinetics which would be of use to scientists and engineers working on fuel cells. It is intended as an introduction to the relevant theory of electrode kinetics. It does not give details of testing circuitry, nor does it review papers on electrode kinetics or fuel cell investigations. A brief mention is made of the application of t... View full abstract»

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  • Conversion of thermal to electrical energy with ferroelectric materials

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):838 - 845
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (729 KB)

    The subject is reviewed and recent experimental and theoretical results are presented. It is shown that materials with high polarization and high dielectric strength can yield good conversion efficiencies. Very high specific outputs are calculated for the conversion of uncollected solar radiation by a spinning space vehicle. Such high specific outputs require suitable thin ferroelectric films of h... View full abstract»

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  • Measurement of the microwave modulation frequency response of junction photodiodes

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s):846 - 847
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
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  • A common error in FM distortion theory

    Publication Year: 1963, Page(s): 846
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (142 KB)

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H. Joel Trussell
North Carolina State University