By Topic

Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE

Issue 2 • Date April-June 2005

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 16 of 16
  • [Front cover]

    Page(s): c1
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (88 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Table of contents

    Page(s): c2
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (102 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • From the Editor's desk

    Page(s): 2 - 3
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (165 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • BBN's earliest days: founding a culture of engineering creativity

    Page(s): 6 - 14
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)  

    In establishing BBN, the founders deliberately created an environment in which engineering creativity could flourish. The author describes steps taken to assure such an environment and a number of events that moved the company into the fledgling field of computing. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The ABC's of BBN: from acoustics to behavioral sciences to computers

    Page(s): 15 - 29
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)  

    The discipline of psychology, and specifically the concept of man-machine integration, served to organize computer research and development at BBN. This article gives a unifying perspective on the history of computer research and development at Bolt Beranek and Newman Inc. (BBN). It suggests that the firm's original focus on A (acoustics) led to its work in B (behavioral sciences, principally psychology), which in turn led to C (its computer activities) $the three areas then coexisting. In particular, this article suggests that psychological concepts have shaped the company's work on computers from the beginning. The BBN principals desired a larger range of psychoacoustics and a contribution from psychologists (behavioral scientists) and to establish an activity in man-machine integration, as a central thrust in the area of human factors of engineering psychology. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • History of technology transfer at BBN

    Page(s): 30 - 38
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (264 KB)  

    BBN's basic business since its founding has been contract consulting, research, and development. This article describes BBN's activities from 1948-1989 to transfer technology and intellectual property from its basic sponsored consulting, research, and development business into a variety of commercial and other products and services. This article was intended to give a sense of the varied technology transfer activities that took place at BBN over the better part of 40 years. Although the push to commercialize technology was certainly driven by BBN's board of directors and corporate management, many members of the technical staff also considered it extremely important that their ideas and invention be brought to market. Further, key members of the management and technical leadership teams that compromised BBN's commercial subsidiaries were often drawn from the company's professional services divisions. Finally, management always paid great attention to share in any financial benefit derived from commercial applications of their work. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Leading a top-notch R&D group in the BBN environment

    Page(s): 39 - 51
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (224 KB)  

    The author notes his MIT background and transition from MIT Lincoln Laboratory to Bolt Beranek and Newman. He sketches the Arpanet project at BBN from his position as project leader, and he describes BBN's unusual mix of government-funded R&D and commercial activity, including issues and anecdotes involving government contracting, overhead rates, and employee motivation. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Control systems R&D at BBN

    Page(s): 52 - 64
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (120 KB)  

    The primary focus in this article is on BBN's theoretical and applied work on problems involving humans in the information processing and control loop of control systems. This article discusses the evolution and outcome of key technical developments, people involved, and the role of BBN's environment -computational, organizational, and human. The history of the long and productive R&D program from its early beginnings, circa 1960, to the end of the 1980s is the main focus of this article. The history includes efforts in developing decision aids for pilots and for advanced command and control applications, because these can be viewed as natural evolutions of earlier control work. In something of a departure from this main focus, multitarget tracking, which emerged from the control efforts, is discussed because it eventually resulted in major programs for BBN and illustrates how BBN's diverse research efforts and its environment lead to unexpected rewards. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • 50 years of acoustic signal processing for detection: coping with the digital revolution

    Page(s): 65 - 78
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1104 KB)  

    We describe a rather personal history of the transition from analog to digital signal processing for acoustic signals. This history provides an example of the impact of the huge advances in digital technology on those doing research and development in acoustic signal processing for detection that must parallel the impact in other scientific fields. Collaborating with BBN scientists from other disciplines, the authors have been challenged to find the best technical solutions to a given problem. Examples are monitoring airport noise and detecting sound from submarines in the oceans. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Events and Sightings

    Page(s): 79 - 81
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (72 KB)  
    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Anecdotes

    Page(s): 82 - 84
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (53 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Reviews

    Page(s): 85 - 88
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (120 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Anecdotes [Difference Engine]

    Page(s): 89 - 92
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (87 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Annals Editorial Board

    Page(s): c3
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (33 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE

Aims & Scope

From the analytical engine to the supercomputer, from Pascal to von Neumann, from punched cards to CD-ROMs -- theIEEE Annals of the History of Computing covers the breadth of computer history.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Lars Heide
Copenhagen Business School
Centre for Business History