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IEE Proceedings A - Physical Science, Measurement and Instrumentation, Management and Education - Reviews

Issue 5 • Date May 1988

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 28
  • The engineer in society

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):247 - 252
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    Starting from a definition of the terms engineer, society and professional, a link is established between the low pay and low status of the professional engineer. Methods by which the status of the professional engineer can be increased are then discussed, with particular emphasis on professional communication. The concept of engineering ethics is then described together with an analysis of profes... View full abstract»

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  • The enigma of the engineer. Hero of the industrial revolution: mere henchman in an age of science

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):253 - 260
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1016 KB)

    The fall of the engineer from the place of adulation that he shared with the illustrious savants when technology was the force that motivated the industrial revolution is attributed to the changing needs of Empire when Britain turned from the exploitation of science in technology to the immediately richer rewards of imperialism. It is suggested that although Britain is dependent on technology and ... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering ideology

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):261 - 265
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (600 KB)

    Following a brief reflection on the connotations of the words 'engineering' and 'ideology', the author gives his own definition as 'the manner of thinking which characterises engineers'. This is considered under several headings, with the author's view of the validity or otherwise of the various ideologies described. Examples are given of engineering projects which have caught the public's imagina... View full abstract»

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  • The role of the IEE in the advancement of technical education in Britain up to 1924

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):266 - 270
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (594 KB)

    At the turn of the century electrical engineering was the most science based of all the engineering disciplines. At the same time, universities and technical colleges were beginning to develop the teaching of science and engineering. Today high-level teaching of science is concentrated in universities and colleges and because the engineering institutions play a major role in moderating those cours... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering education and the school system

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):271 - 276
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (734 KB)

    A deep seated issue in British Education is that centred around the concepts of education and training. This has contributed to the disappointing rate of development of engineering studies in schools. German schools appear to produce better results, particularly with less able pupils, but the educational initiatives which are taking place in Britain should help to reduce this difference. However, ... View full abstract»

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  • Third World electrification

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):277 - 285
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (970 KB)

    Traditionally, electrical supply networks have been regarded as indicators of economic and developmental success in Third World countries. Experience has shown that, in many cases, aspirations are not realised and plans are not fulfilled. The reasons are complex and each country must be assessed on the basis of its own national characteristics. Nevertheless, some common features emerge, both in te... View full abstract»

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  • Uses and abuses of technology

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):286 - 290
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB)

    The author emphasises that 'use' and 'abuse' are not absolute terms; so before professional engineers can be clear as to what they mean when they use them, they have to be able to assign them values on some scale of morality appropriate to their profession. The author suggests that the engineering profession must relay on consensus within the profession as the route to agreed norms by reference to... View full abstract»

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  • Social benefits of electricity

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):291 - 296
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (670 KB)

    Two main areas of benefits are considered: first, the light current side, beginning initially with communication by wire, through the telegraph and the telephone, then leading through 'wireless' radio and television to the modern electronics era; and, secondly, electric light and power. The author examines both areas of benefit, looking at what has been potentially available, and at the rate at wh... View full abstract»

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  • Technology and engineering design: shaping a better future or repeating the mistakes of the past?

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):297 - 302
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (803 KB)

    The author is concerned with the deterioration in the quality of working life which has accompanied developments in technology. The position adopted is that society cannot afford, and should not tolerate, technology which results in impoverished and dehumanised work for human beings. This does not, however, imply a rejection of any further developments in technology or a return to a less technolog... View full abstract»

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  • Implications of military engineering

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):303 - 308
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (748 KB)

    The author examines the effect the defence sector is having on the overall performance of UK industry. Although it competes for much the same pool of skill and financial resources, there are many factors which separate the defence sector from civilian industry. Lengthy timescales, design for performance rather than cost, and lack of commercial market disciplines characterise the military side. The... View full abstract»

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  • Technology and the human factor

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):309 - 312
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (425 KB)

    Technologies are conceived in science, gestated in engineering and applied in industry under the influence of economics and politics. Automation, the application in industry of information technology (IT) and other forms of new technology replace what were previously known as craft skills by other forms of activity. The controversial question is whether this replacement need constitute deskilling;... View full abstract»

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  • Unemployment: technological causes, cures and consequences

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):313 - 318
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (832 KB)

    The statistics linking new technology and unemployment are examined, and it is concluded that the direct effects of technology are outweighed by its indirect effects, via long term economic cycles, whose behaviour is similar to that of any unstable feedback system. The social changes associated with previous troughs in the cycle are considered, and a parallel is drawn between the present recession... View full abstract»

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  • Perception, reality and values: science, conditioning and evidence

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):319 - 323
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (631 KB)

    Considers the way one normally perceives the physical world and the bearing this has on one's belief structure and one's approach to empirical scientific knowledge. The serious limitations of the Western paradigm are reviewed in the light of particle physics and physical research. The engineering importance and the general impact on our lives of recent evidence, possibly leading to important chang... View full abstract»

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  • The engineer in society

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):245 - 246
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | PDF file iconPDF (235 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The engineer in society

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):247 - 252
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (876 KB)

    Starting from a definition of the terms engineer, society and professional, a link is established between the low pay and low status of the professional engineer. Methods by which the status of the professional engineer can be increased are then discussed, with particular emphasis on professional communication. The concept of engineering ethics is then described together with an analysis of profes... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The enigma of the engineer. Hero of the industrial revolution: mere henchman in an age of science

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):253 - 260
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1196 KB)

    The fall of the engineer from the place of adulation that he shared with the illustrious savants when technology was the force that motivated the industrial revolution is attributed to the changing needs of Empire when Britain turned from the exploitation of science in technology to the immediately richer rewards of imperialism. Although Britain is once again dependent on technology and innovation... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Engineering ideology

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):261 - 265
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (759 KB)

    Following a brief reflection on the connotations of the words `engineering¿¿ and `ideology¿¿, the author gives his own definition as `the manner of thinking which characterises engineers¿¿. This is considered under several headings, with the author's view of the validity or otherwise of the various ideologies described. Examples are given of engineering projects which have caught the public's imag... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The role of the IEE in the advancement of technical education in Britain up to 1924

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):266 - 270
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (756 KB)

    At the turn of the century electrical engineering was the most science based of all the engineering disciplines. At the same time, universities and technical colleges were beginning to develop the teaching of science and engineering. Today high-level teaching of science is concentrated in universities and colleges and because the engineering institutions play a major role in moderating those cours... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Engineering education and the school system

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):271 - 276
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (928 KB)

    A deep seated issue in British Education is that centred around the concepts of education and training. This has contributed to the disappointing rate of development of engineering studies in schools. German schools appear to produce better results, particularly with less able pupils, but the educational initiatives which are taking place in Britain should help to reduce this difference. However, ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Third World electrification

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):277 - 285
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1236 KB)

    Traditionally, electrical supply networks have been regarded as indicators of economic and developmental success in Third World countries. Experience has shown that, in many cases, aspirations are not realised and plans are not fulfilled. The reasons are complex and each country must be assessed on the basis of its own national characteristics. Nevertheless, some common features emerge, both in te... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Uses and abuses of technology

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):286 - 290
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (700 KB)

    In the paper the author emphasises that `use¿¿ and `abuse¿¿ are not absolute terms; so before professional engineers can be clear as to what they mean when they use them, they have to be able to assign them values on some scale of morality appropriate to their profession. In ages past, belief in God was widespread, and therefore holy writ provided the professionals of the time with the requisite m... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Social benefits of electricity

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):291 - 296
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (848 KB)

    Electricity plays such a vital role in homes, shops, factories and transport that it is difficult to imagine life without it, yet as recently as 50 years ago only half the homes of Britain were connected to the public supply. Practical electric lighting was developed towards the end of the 19th century. By the early years of the 20th century a wide range of domestic electrical appliances were avai... View full abstract»

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  • Technology and engineering design: shaping a better future or repeating the mistakes of the past?

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):297 - 302
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1020 KB)

    The paper is concerned with the deterioration in the quality of working life which has accompanied developments in technology. The position adopted is that society cannot afford, and should not tolerate, technology which results in impoverished and dehumanised work for human beings. This does not, however, imply a rejection of any further developments in technology or a return to a less technologi... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Implications of military engineering

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):303 - 308
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (945 KB)

    The issues examined in the paper can be summed up in one question: Is the industry which has grown up around the defence requirements of the UK in danger of strangling the very society it is meant to defend? Engineering skills have always been vital to defence. But the catapult, the longbow and the rifle were all controlled by the soldiers who carried them. Ships, missiles and aircraft are now con... View full abstract»

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  • Technology and the human factor

    Publication Year: 1988, Page(s):309 - 312
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (531 KB)

    Technologies are conceived in science, gestated in engineering and applied in industry under the influence of economics and politics. Automation, the application in industry of information technology (IT) and other forms of new technology replace what were previously known as craft skills by other forms of activity. The controversial question is whether this replacement need constitute deskilling;... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.