IEEE Transactions on Education

Issue 3 • Aug 1991

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Displaying Results 1 - 9 of 9
  • Physical mechanisms of tissue injury in electrical trauma

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):223 - 230
    Cited by:  Papers (28)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (796 KB)

    The author reviews data indicating that skeletal muscle cell rupture may result from either heating or electroporation due to electric shock and discusses their relative contributions to tissue injury in electrical trauma victims. It is concluded that the relative contributions of these mechanisms are probably dependent on the duration of electric current passage, the geometry of the cells, their ... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical shock hazards and safety standards

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):216 - 222
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (656 KB)

    A general overview of the potential sources of electric shock in laboratory environments is presented. After a general review of 60 Hz 120/240 V electrical power supplies, the author discusses the basics of grounding, protection equipment and devices, codes and standards, the effects of electricity on the human body, electrical parameters for 60 Hz shocks, high-voltage safety principles, and typic... View full abstract»

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  • Chemical hazards in the semiconductor industry

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):269 - 288
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1892 KB)

    Chemical hazards in the semiconductor industry are reviewed with regard to occupational health and safety concerns. Exposure potentials are summarized for each step in the development and processing of semiconductor devices. The hazards associated with replacement substitutes for III-V compounds are also presented. Risk assessment of the hazards involved in these processes requires that redundant ... View full abstract»

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  • Radiation standards and hazards

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):260 - 265
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (540 KB)

    The concepts of radiation dose, dose equivalent, and related terms are defined and methods for measuring them are described. The various health effects of radiation-acute radiation sickness, cancer, genetic disease, and developmental deficiencies from in utero exposure-are discussed, and the risks are quantified. For perspective, risks from radiation are compared with common risks in our lives. It... View full abstract»

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  • Electrical hazards in the high energy laboratory

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):231 - 242
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1340 KB)

    The unique electrical hazards that are found in a high-energy research laboratory, such as those studying fusion energy, high-power lasers, or particle accelerators, are described. Hazards due to high voltages, high currents, or large amounts of stored energy-such as chemical, mechanical, inductive, or capacitive-are discussed. Hazards associated with grounding, static electric charges and electro... View full abstract»

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  • The use of epidemiology for establishing hazards and risk

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):211 - 215
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    The strategies by which epidemiology addresses potential health effects are described and contrasted with experimental laboratory assessments of health and safety. The role of epidemiology in establishing regulatory standards is discussed. This approach is illustrated by the study of residential 60 Hz magnetic field exposure in relation to childhood cancer. It is concluded that although the diffic... View full abstract»

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  • Ultrasound

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):266 - 268
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB)

    A brief accounting is given of the concerns for possible biological effects from diagnostic ultrasound, though none have been reported. A delineation of the activities of the US National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Committee 66, regarding recommendations, is included. It is noted that a generalization arrived at by the Bioeffects Committee of the American Institute of Ultrasou... View full abstract»

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  • Biological effects of low-level low-frequency electric and magnetic fields

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):243 - 249
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (728 KB)

    The extent of penetration into tissue of extremely low frequency (ELF) and very low frequency (VLF) electric and magnetic fields is discussed. Experimental results on the biological effects of such fields of low amplitude are reviewed. The author concludes that while numerous effects have been reported, it is not possible at the present time to decide whether they constitute a health hazard. Infor... View full abstract»

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  • Interaction of laser radiation with structures of the eye

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):250 - 259
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (864 KB)

    An overview of laser-induced ocular injury and strategies for their prevention are presented based on an understanding of the general principles of laser interaction with biological tissue. These principles are outlined and subsequently applied in a discussion of specific laser damage mechanisms occurring within the eye over the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared bands. The ocular structures prima... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Transactions on Education (ToE) publishes significant and original scholarly contributions to education in electrical and electronics engineering, computer engineering, computer science, and other fields within the scope of interest of IEEE.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Jeffrey E. Froyd
Texas A&M University