Computer

Issue 9 • Sept. 1991

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Displaying Results 1 - 10 of 10
  • IEEE Computer Society: four decades of service, 1951-1991

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):6 - 12
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (1017 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Computer technology and architecture: an evolving interaction

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):18 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (69)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1305 KB)

    The interaction between computer architecture and IC technology is examined. To evaluate the attractiveness of particular technologies, computer designs are assessed primarily on the basis of performance and cost. The focus is mainly on CPU performance, both because it is easier to measure and because the impact of technology is most easily seen in the CPU. The technology trends discussed concern ... View full abstract»

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  • Computer architecture in the 1990s

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):30 - 38
    Cited by:  Papers (40)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1006 KB)

    Some of the technology that will drive the advances of the 1990s are explored. A brief tutorial is given to explain the fundamental speed limits of metal interconnections. The advantages and disadvantages of optical interconnections and where they may be used are discussed in some detail. Trends in speeding up performance by increasing data-path width and by increasing the number of operations per... View full abstract»

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  • High-availability computer systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):39 - 48
    Cited by:  Papers (130)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1186 KB)

    The techniques used to build highly available computer systems are sketched. Historical background is provided, and terminology is defined. Empirical experience with computer failure is briefly discussed. Device improvements that have greatly increased the reliability of digital electronics are identified. Fault-tolerant design concepts and approaches to fault-tolerant hardware are outlined. The r... View full abstract»

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  • User-interface developments for the nineties

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):49 - 57
    Cited by:  Papers (34)  |  Patents (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1228 KB)

    The purpose and history of user interfaces are briefly recounted. The language model and the implementation model of the user-computer dialogue are examined. User-centered design is discussed, and approaches to design tools are described. Key developments for the 1990s are considered. These include base technologies, 3-D user interfaces, virtual realities, multimedia and hypermedia, groupware, and... View full abstract»

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  • Visualization in scientific and engineering computation

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):58 - 66
    Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    Some applications of visualization, based on an information flow model, are discussed. The model, which is described in detail, is designed to help in grasping an overview of this subject. It serves as a framework for describing various topics related to visualization in scientific and engineering computation. It consists of mathematical modeling, numerical solution and scientific computing, graph... View full abstract»

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  • Computer networks and distributed systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):67 - 76
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1111 KB)

    Three major justifications for distributed computing-sharing physically distributed resources, combining computers for fast solutions, and providing reliability through replication-are discussed. Distributed computing milestones from 1969 to 1991 are examined, focusing on the ARPAnet national research network, Ethernet and token-ring local area networks, and workstation networks united by distribu... View full abstract»

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  • The future of fiber-optic computer networks

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):78 - 87
    Cited by:  Papers (62)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1027 KB)

    The author discusses research activities in the area of third-generation (all-optical) fiber-optic networks and where they are heading. Applications, the era of single unrepeated links, the characteristics of fiber paths in networks, forms of addressing, overall network throughput capacity, technologies, protocol layers, and making the communication layers invisible are discussed.<> View full abstract»

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  • The future generation of software: a management perspective

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):90 - 96
    Cited by:  Papers (55)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (804 KB)

    The engineering process that underlies software development is examined. A brief summary of how information technology has affected both institutions and individuals in the past few decades is given. Engineering with models and metrics is then discussed. Improving software quality, making software engineering technology more transferable, and transferring software technology into an organization a... View full abstract»

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  • Viewpoints (computing in the 1990s)

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):98 - 113
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (151 KB)

    Fifteen academic and industry leaders share their views on current and future computer and related technology. They discuss Europe 1992 and its impact on information technology, 25 years of MITI and its influence on computing research in Japan, concurrent engineering, the scientific data decade, information systems, superconductivity and computing technology, semiconductor technology at middle age... View full abstract»

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Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed articles written for and by computer researchers and practitioners representing the full spectrum of computing and information technology, from hardware to software and from emerging research to new applications. 

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Editor-in-Chief
Sumi Helal
Lancaster University
sumi.helal@computer.org