By Topic

Professional Communication, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 3 • Date Sept. 2003

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 14 of 14
  • Introduction to the special issue [English language training for nonnative speakers of English in science or engineering]

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 153 - 156
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (162 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Beyond borders: Web globalization strategies [Book Review]

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 241 - 243
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (149 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Exploding steamboats, senate debates, and technical reports: The convergence of technology, politics, and rhetoric in the steamboat bill of 1838 [Book Review]

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 244 - 245
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Type and typography [Book Review]

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 246 - 247
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (153 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Web-based training [Book Review]

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 248 - 250
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (150 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The tech writer's survival guide: A comprehensive handbook for aspiring technical writers [Book Review]

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 251 - 253
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (150 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Mover: a machine learning tool to assist in the reading and writing of technical papers

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 185 - 193
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (658 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    When faced with the tasks of reading and writing a complex technical paper, many nonnative scientists and engineers who have a solid background in English grammar and vocabulary lack an adequate knowledge of commonly used structural patterns at the discourse level. In this paper, we propose a novel computer software tool that can assist these people in the understanding and construction of technical papers, by automatically identifying the structure of writing in different fields and disciplines. The system is tested using research article abstracts and is shown to be a fast, accurate, and useful aid in the reading and writing process. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Imitation, copying, and the use of models: report writing in an introductory physics course

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 168 - 184
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (515 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The article focuses on the use and misuse of models-both appropriate and inappropriate-in the report-writing practices of first year physics students, especially those from non-English speaking backgrounds. It analyzes the students' propensity to use any available text on a given topic as a source of model sentences. Examples of "copying" are provided and analyzed. It is argued that many forms of copying are legitimate learning strategies of novice writers, for the production of certain kinds of texts, but that this can become a problem when inappropriate models are used or when appropriate models are used inappropriately. Copying is discussed in relation to imitative learning and modeling as well as plagiarism, and some suggestions to improve teaching practice are made. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A project-based approach to teaching research writing to nonnative writers

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 210 - 220
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (357 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    It is commonly accepted that writing instruction should meet the specific needs of writers and that students in scientific and technical fields benefit more by learning to write to match the requirements of their specific fields. A variety of models for writing classes have been proposed to meet these needs, from genre-based approaches to courses targeting specific disciplines to general courses serving a heterogeneous group of students from many disciplines. Although persuasive arguments can be made for discipline-specific writing courses, many writing courses for nonnative writers at U.S. universities operate with two key constraints. First, monetary and curricular limitations mean that students from a variety of disciplines are placed in the same course. Second, these courses are staffed by instructors who, while well-prepared in addressing language needs of nonnative writers, may know very little about the content and conventions of engineering and science. This paper discusses a writing course which works within these constraints and has been developed for graduate students who are early in their program of study. In the course, groups of students carry out an original research project as a vehicle to learn professional writing conventions common to research papers in a variety of scientific and engineering fields. In addition, students analyze written conventions in published articles within their fields to raise awareness of how general conventions are worked out in their individual disciplines. General principles for the course are discussed, and samples of successful research topics are provided. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Case-based simulations in the EST classroom

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 221 - 230
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (731 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This tutorial is an outgrowth of a classroom-based simulation project and should act as a general outline for using simulations in English for Science and Technology classrooms. The simulation was created based on an actual court case involving two software companies; however, the case was altered significantly to meet the needs of the students. Twenty-six Japanese students studying computer science at a university in northern Japan participated in the simulation. In phase one of the simulation, teams of students were required to make difficult decisions about the case in their role as company engineers. They subsequently wrote of their positions in teams. In phase two of the simulation, each student was required to preside over the related court case, judge between the two companies, and render a fair verdict in writing. The students' writing exhibited an understanding of the complexity of problems and sound reasoning for addressing such problems; therefore, the simulation-based curriculum was deemed highly successful. Furthermore, students remained engaged throughout the simulation, in part because they could see its long-term value. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The science of conversation: training in dialogue for NNS in engineering

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 157 - 167
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (305 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    A survey of 1000 undergraduate engineering students clearly revealed students' desire for two types of training in oral communication: training in presentation skills and in the skills of professional conversation. This article briefly describes the survey's design and results, and identifies the lack of conversational training for nonnative English speakers (NNS) as a previously unnoticed weakness in our curriculum. It traces curricular development in conversational training initiated in response to survey results, describes specific challenges to NNS posed by dialogue, and suggests exercises that can help NNS engineering students to improve their fluency and confidence in English conversation. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Case study on the development of a computer-based support tool for assisting Japanese software engineers with their English writing needs

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 194 - 209
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1437 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    This paper describes a five-year research project aimed at developing a corpus-based language support tool able to respond to the English writing needs of Japanese software engineers who do not speak English natively. Our research was based on recent developments in corpus and text linguistics. Since foreign readers often complain that English text produced by Japanese authors is difficult to understand because it is poorly organized and incoherent, we focused on the possibility of designing a writing tool that would provide discourse-level as well as sentence-level assistance. We collected a total of 539 sample English abstracts from four well-known technical journals and tagged them with linguistic and rhetorical information. Using this tagged corpus, an initial prototype was developed on a Unix-based workstation and a second one on the Web. The Web-based prototype was then evaluated in terms of its usability by engineers in Ricoh's Software Research and Development Group. They evaluated the final product positively. However, they expressed uncertainty about its ability to address their weaknesses in using transition words effectively as cohesive devices. In spite of unexpected difficulties, product improvement continues. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Communicating in the intercultural classroom

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 231 - 235
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (166 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    Different cultures misunderstand each other because they have varying views on basic human problems that each society must solve in order to continue as a coherent whole: their relation to authority, the relationship of individuals to society and between genders, and their ways of resolving conflict, including controlling aggression and expressing feelings. The paper considers one example of how a lack of intercultural knowledge can lead to difficulty in the classroom. It discusses collective versus individual societies and particularism versus universalism. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Making contact in international virtual offices: an application of symbolic interactionism to online workplace discourse

    Publication Year: 2003 , Page(s): 236 - 240
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (167 KB) |  | HTML iconHTML  

    The online work environment brings with it factors that can create problems in crosscultural interactions. Technical communicators, therefore, need to understand how cultural communication expectations can affect discourse in IVOs. This article overviews one area-contact-in which cultural differences could cause online communication problems. The article also uses the theory of symbolic interactionism to examine these problems and to posit strategies for avoiding them. View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

Aims & Scope

The IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to applied research on professional communication--including but not limited to technical and business communication. It has been published since 1957 by the Professional Communication Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Saul Carliner
Concordia University