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IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management

Issue 2 • Date May 1991

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Displaying Results 1 - 10 of 10
  • Problem discovery function: a useful tool for assessing new product introduction

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):110 - 119
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (816 KB)

    A quantitative assessment methodology for determining the quantity of real and potential problems during new-product qualification processes is introduced. The process utilizes historical product problem data and applies factors for product complexity, schedule duration, validation stages, product maturity level, corporate commitment to program success, novelty of design, and schedule pressure. Pr... View full abstract»

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  • Communications patterns of new product development team leaders

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):101 - 109
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB)

    A study of the communication patterns of two types of new-product development (NPD) team leaders, operating and innovating, is reported. Specific attention is given to differences in the leaders' communication with team members and with external groups. The results indicate that the communication patterns of NPD team leaders depend on the type of team and the informational demands of the project. ... View full abstract»

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  • Auditing R&D planning

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):171 - 177
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (564 KB)

    A five-step procedure for auditing R&D planning and budgeting processes is presented. A major difference between this and standard approaches is the use of a follow-up mail questionnaire to validate the findings and identify major differences of opinion which can be addressed during implementation. The method itself was developed during the completion of nine case studies and nearly 100 person... View full abstract»

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  • A model to assess the value of an intermediate R&D result

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):157 - 163
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    A framework is offered for assessing the value of an intermediate result in an R&D project under competition. The assessed value of an intermediate result can be used as a minimum price acceptable to the inventor (reservation price) when the knowledge is disseminated to others. This issue is especially important if a firm (or society) is concerned about the distributive aspect of access to sup... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a conceptual model of cooperative research: patterns of development and success in university-industry alliances

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):136 - 145
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (940 KB)

    A stage model of cooperative research between universities and industry using the National Science Foundation (NSF)-sponsored industry-university cooperative research centers (IUCRC) as a study sample is proposed. The model is a step above simple retrospective characterization of such cooperation in that causal factors are suggested. This study shows that certain critical events cluster around def... View full abstract»

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  • Management of the innovation process in small companies in Finland

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):120 - 126
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (576 KB)

    Product development in small companies in the metal and electronics industries in Finland is described. Forty companies were surveyed. The size of the analyzed companies varied between one and 260 measured by the number of employees. Structured interviews were conducted by interviewers using a questionnaire design. The topics analyzed include mission and production strategy, market research, innov... View full abstract»

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  • Fuzzy set computational processes in risk analysis

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):177 - 178
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB)

    An article by R. Kangari and L.S. Riggs (see ibid., vol.36, no.2, p.126-31, 1989), which dealt with the use of fuzzy sets in construction risk analysis, contains a number of errors and inconsistencies, most of which appear in examples given to clarify the concepts involved in computations related to fuzzy sets. The errors and inconsistencies are identified, and the computational results are clarif... View full abstract»

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  • The resource box-competence management by informatics in high technology R&D work

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):164 - 170
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    For companies developing high-technology products, the resources of people with the competence to perform a task are the source of competitiveness. Resources of competence can be distinguished by the contribution to the R&D development process. The process of building resources of competence unique to the R&D effort within a company is discussed. Also mentioned is the importance of unique ... View full abstract»

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  • Classification of R&D organizational structures in relation to strategies

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):146 - 156
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1080 KB)

    Formal structures of R&D organizations are classified into a number of types in connection with overall corporate organizations and according to corporate strategies. The data encompass 110 Japanese large firms in all of the manufacturing sectors including most R&D-intensive firms. Concepts underlying the types are interpreted in view of corporate innovation strategies including organizati... View full abstract»

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  • High-tech start-ups, better off with government contracts than with subsidies: new evidence in Canada

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):127 - 135
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (916 KB)

    A study analyzing the relationship between early growth and the type of government support/contract received by a firm at start-up is reported. It is based on the observation of 73 microelectronics and communication high-tech firms founded between 1965 and 1980 in various parts of Canada. The main conclusion is that firms starting as government suppliers do significantly better than firms receivin... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Management of technical functions such as research, development, and engineering in industry, government, university, and other settings. Emphasis is on studies carried on within an organization to help in decision making or policy formation for RD&E. 

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Rajiv Sabherwal
Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas