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IEEE Transactions on Communications

Issue 7 • July 1976

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  • [Front cover and table of contents]

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s): 0
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Guest Editorial: Telecommunications in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):673 - 675
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • State of Telecommunications in Developing Countries - An Overview

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):676 - 683
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (809 KB)

    This paper examines the state of telecommunications in developing countries with special emphasis on telecommunication technology and telephone statistics such as number of telephones, telephone density and demand. First, the notion of a developing world is formulated in terms of social and economic conditions, and its existing telecommunication needs are reviewed. Then the state of telecommunicat... View full abstract»

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  • Telecommunication Development - The Third Way

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):736 - 742
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    The object of this paper is to define the third way to telecommunication development-suitable to the needs and conditions of the third world countries. It begins with some comments on the present conditions, identifies probable reasons, and defines three fundamental goals for developing nations: 1) rural communication,2) accessibility, and 3) reliability. Based on these three goals, the third way ... View full abstract»

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  • [Back cover]

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s): 0
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Some Implications of Telecommunication Policies in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):729 - 732
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    In developing countries telecommunication policies are based on the urban development program. It is pointed out that the telecommunication needs of the developing countries lie in both the urban and rural areas and as a result two distinct networks, urban and rural, are needed. Establishment of a National Rural Telecommunication Agency is suggested to implement the concept of rural networks. View full abstract»

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  • Some Recurrent Problems of Telecommunications in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):723 - 728
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    The expansion and improvement of telecommunication services in developing countries is faced with a number of problems of implementation and of method. The problems of implementation have well-established solutions and, therefore, are only briefly discussed in this paper. The main focus of this paper is concentrated on four classes of problems related to method, namely: 1) demand forecasting and i... View full abstract»

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  • Microwave System Development in India

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):763 - 771
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    This paper highlights the development aspects of microwave systems as they have grown in India. It includes discussion on early struggles, design feedbacks, and the results of a recent development effort. A note on the lessons derived from this experience is also included. View full abstract»

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  • INTELSAT and the Developing World

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):742 - 748
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    Adequate telecommunications facilities to meet both internal and external telecommunications requirements are important prerequisites for a country's development. The International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) has been cognizant of this fact, and has endeavored to respond to the needs of the developing world in a variety of ways. This paper discusses why developing countrie... View full abstract»

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  • Educational Television and Development in Iran

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):755 - 762
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    Some developing nations, such as Iran, have the resources for rapid economic development. Typically, that development requires very large and rapid expansion of education and training programs. An educational television (ETV) system is shown to be an effective tool for providing the needed expansion as long as it is used primarily for training adults. This conclusion is based on a detailed analysi... View full abstract»

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  • Present State and Future of Telecommunications in Turkey

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):684 - 686
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    The public telecommunication network of Turkey is briefly discussed in this paper. The existing telephone, telegraph, data, and other related services are summarized, and future trends in some of these services are indicated. These trends suggest that capital investments on the telecommunication services must be at least doubled in order that the standards in the country compete with those of the ... View full abstract»

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  • Pan-African Telecommunication Network: A Case for Telecommunications in the Development of Africa

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):749 - 755
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    Some of the special problems and constraints associated with African Continental Telecommunications axe reviewed. A description of plans to establish a continental terrestrial telecommunication network-now called the Pan-African Telecommunication (PANAFTEL)network is given together with traffic predictions. Future development of such a network in a rapidly expanding traffic environment is surveyed... View full abstract»

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  • Planning Communications Systems in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):710 - 715
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    Technology for planning communications systems has generally been designed for applications in well-developed communication networks. There exists a question on the appropriateness of these techniques and equipment to developing countries with a high growth rate. This paper discusses five aspects of telecommunication planning for the high growth era in developing countries: forecasting, concept of... View full abstract»

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  • Telecommunications as a Factor in the Economic Development of a Country

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):716 - 722
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    Many different techniques have been studied in the past for correlating the growth of a telecommunications network with the economic growth of a country in an attempt to allocate capital resources optimally. With suitable modifications, several of these techniques have been found to have some broad application, but no universally applicable technique has yet been developed. Of the methods develope... View full abstract»

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  • Iran's Present Telecommunication System and Its Expected Development

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):694 - 700
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    By the end of the Fifth Plan, March 21, 1978, Iran will have expanded its telecommunication service threefold, it will be providing educational program and television to nearly 75 percent of its population, and it will be well on its way to accomplishing its longrange goal of a totally integrated telecommunication system. It will have graduated telecommunication engineers and technicians from the ... View full abstract»

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  • Choice of Technology for Rural Telecommunication in Developing Countries

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):732 - 736
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    This paper draws attention to the outstanding feature of present telecommunications in developing countries, namely that most of the equipment is installed in towns but most people live in rural areas. Various features of the social environment are outlined, indicating their importance for planning and choice of technology. Social change is shown to offer the opportunity for telecommunication deve... View full abstract»

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  • Telecommunications in Indonesia

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):687 - 690
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    The telecommunications in Indonesia is reviewed with emphasis on transmission and switching networks. It is recognized that due to the geographical configuration of Indonesia, problems are created in the field of telecommunication that require special transmission consideration. The existing Perumtel's Transmission Network and Domestic Satellite Project Palapa 1 are discussed. The future expansion... View full abstract»

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  • Low-Power-Consumption Microwave Radio Relay System

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):771 - 782
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1064 KB)

    An economical microwave radio relay system in 2-GHz and 4-GHz bands for developing areas can be realized by the combination of extremely low-power-consumption radio equipment and static power supply equipment, such as thermoelectric generators, solar cells, etc. High reliability of this system minimizes the number of maintenance personnel and of routine inspection tours to economize the system ope... View full abstract»

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  • Global Scope at the National Level: The ITU's Contributions to Telecommunications Development

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):700 - 709
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    The International Telecommunication Union's (ITU) work that is oriented towards the needs of developing countries is described. This work is explained as one of two kinds of technical cooperation; the other kind corresponds to the ITU's traditional function as coordinator and standards-maker for international working of telecommunication services. It is shown how these two kinds of technical coope... View full abstract»

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  • A Communications Explosion in Oman

    Publication Year: 1976, Page(s):691 - 694
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    Due to the small size of the country and to available petro dollars, Oman has a unique opportunity to build a completely new telecommunications system. This paper outlines present domestic and international telecommunications networks in Oman and discusses future development programs. View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Communications focuses on all telecommunications including telephone, telegraphy, facsimile, and point-to-point television by electromagnetic propagation.

 

 

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Naofal Al-Dhahir
University of Texas at Dallas