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Technology and Society Magazine, IEEE

Issue 4 • Date Dec. 1990-Jan. 1991

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Displaying Results 1 - 5 of 5
  • Verification of conventional forces in Europe

    Page(s): 8 - 11
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (697 KB)  

    Verification technologies and methods are discussed in the context of a recent treaty that would bring about the first large-scale reductions in conventional forces in Europe. The techniques described include four types of on-site inspection; national technical means, such as satellite photoreconnaissance, radar satellite surveillance, electronic intelligence gathering, signal intelligence gathering, etc. and the use of unique identifiers or tags. Sampling techniques for site selection are considered.<> View full abstract»

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  • The INF Treaty and prospects for strategic arms verification

    Page(s): 28 - 33
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (701 KB)  

    The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty provides for the elimination of an entire class of nuclear ballistic missile systems, those with ranges between 500 and 5500 km, within three years. The INF Treaty was signed December 8, 1987, and entered into force June 1, 1988. Some of the details of the length treaty and its complex verification scheme are described, and US experience with implementing the treaty is examined. Verification problems are discussed.<> View full abstract»

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  • Cooperative verification for sea-based cruise missiles

    Page(s): 34 - 39
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    The problem of verifying sea-launched cruise missiles, which has the potential to undermine current intentions of the US and USSR to reduce their strategic arsenals by half, is examined. A cooperative approach could be based on a simple satellite monitoring system, which would have modest hardware problems. Verification requirements has tasks are discussed in the context of such an approach, and the problems that remain are highlighted.<> View full abstract»

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  • Progress in seismic verification of test ban treaties

    Page(s): 40 - 52
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    The ability of seismic methods to monitor underground nuclear explosions and implications for test ban verification are discussed. Technical aspects of seismic monitoring are examined, and seismic-based yield estimation is explained. Three major developments since 1987 concerning technical issues, all providing consistent evidence about the accuracy of seismic methods and increasing confidence in them, are described.<> View full abstract»

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  • Verification using spaceborne microwave imaging

    Page(s): 53 - 61
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1083 KB)  

    Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging for arms control verification is discussed. SAR images are particularly suited for verification purposes because their image resolution capabilities are independent of weather conditions, surface penetration, and lighting. Their restrictions are related to data handling and power requirements. Verification requirements, imaging radar principles, target characteristics, and resolution are considered. The choice of frequency and the advantages of diversity are examined. Hardware and data-rate considerations are discussed. Past, present, and future spaceborne SAR systems are briefly surveyed.<> View full abstract»

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IEEE Technology and Society Magazine covers the impact of technology (as embodied by the fields of interest in IEEE) on society

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Editor-in-Chief
Katina Michael
School of Information Systems and Technology
University of Wollongong