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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 12 • Date Dec. 1990

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Displaying Results 1 - 9 of 9
  • Japan robotics aim for unmanned space exploration

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):64 - 67
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    The findings of a study sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Automation and Robotics Program, prepared for the US government's program evaluating Japanese technology, are summarized. They reveal that the Japanese government, industry, and university leaders have embarked on cooperative projects to develop next-generation robots for sp... View full abstract»

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  • '90s employment: some bad news, but some good

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):32 - 43
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1565 KB)

    This special report draws on both statistics and individual case studies to ascertain the level and implications of worldwide disruptions and opportunities with regard to employment. It is noted that the current job outlook differs radically with the country, with economic conditions, with national policy, and with engineering field. Job security, soft in North America, has strong spots in Europe ... View full abstract»

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  • Reversing sagging precollege skills in mathematics and science

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):44 - 48
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (688 KB)

    Efforts to improve curricula, teaching strategies, and the education of teachers and parents are discussed. These efforts are the basis of both new and established programs. Companies that have had a difficult time hiring technically literate employees have recognized a vested interest in helping schools bolster math and science skills. A number of corporate programs supporting precollege educatio... View full abstract»

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  • Whistle-blowing: not always a losing game (engineers)

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):49 - 52
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (604 KB)

    The experiences of five engineers in nuclear power, aerospace, and air-traffic control who followed their consciences are recounted. In one case, which took place in 1976, three engineers quit General Electric Company's nuclear division to protest alleged inadequate testing and unsafe designs, not only at GE but throughout the nuclear industry. In 1981, a Federal Aviation Administration engineer a... View full abstract»

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  • Software workstations: one-stop shopping for utilities

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):53 - 56
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (714 KB)

    To help electric utilities use their software more efficiently, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has been integrating groups of programs related to common engineering functions (for example, system grounding) into single packages. The institute calls these packages workstations, and each workstation allows a number of interdependent tasks to be performed much more efficiently. The orig... View full abstract»

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  • Siemens: making marketing as important as technology

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):57 - 60
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB)

    A profile is presented of Germany's engineering giant, which is investing billions of Deutschemarks in a restructuring and acquisition program to enhance its international competitiveness. To better manage its businesses on a worldwide basis, the company has split seven large divisions into 15 smaller ones, giving each worldwide responsibility for a particular technology. These moves and the facto... View full abstract»

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  • Fish and hydroelectricity: engineering a better coexistence

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):68 - 70
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (553 KB)

    Steps being taken by US utilities, under pressure from a Federal licensing agency, to restore once-vast populations of migratory fish are described. Waterways designed to help migrating fish get past dams to upstream spawning areas have been used on some rivers for decades. In some areas, however, the goal now is to get larger numbers of the offspring, and adults that survive spawning, downstream ... View full abstract»

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  • Keithley's phantom repeater: applying wartime technology

    Publication Year: 1990
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (148 KB)

    A technological development that came out of World War II but attracted little notice at the time is discussed. It is the driven-shield technique for making measuring instruments with high-input impedances, a concept that has proved extremely valuable to the modern semiconductor industry. It was first put to commercial use in Joseph F. Keithley's phantom repeater as a way to get a signal from extr... View full abstract»

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  • Putting electronics to work in the 1991 car models

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):72 - 75
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (458 KB)

    Global innovations in automotive electronics are described, highlighting electronically controlled transmissions, suspensions, and variable-valve timing and lift. Among the developments in transmission systems is Ford's AXOD-E, engineered for optimum fuel economy and performance with consistent shift quality. General Motors' version of an electronically controlled four-speed automatic transmission... View full abstract»

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