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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

Issue 8 • Date Aug. 2002

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Displaying Results 1 - 7 of 7
  • Very long baseline interferometer

    Page(s): 43 - 44
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | PDF file iconPDF (244 KB)  
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Improving intrusion detection radar

    Page(s): 22 - 27
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (994 KB)  

    The first monostatic microwave intrusion detection sensor with range cutoff was introduced in 1984. This range cutoff circuit as used in the Model 375 and 385 has proven very effective in preventing nuisance alarms beyond a user-defined range. The Intrepid Digital Transceiver introduced in this paper builds upon this proven technology with the addition of a unique digital signal processing routine that measures range to the intruder. Intrepid Digital Transceiver alternately transmits pulses at two discrete frequencies within K-Band. When an intruder enters the detection zone, the Doppler response at each frequency is digitally recorded. The difference between the two frequencies is controlled so that the phase angle between the two Doppler responses can be used to determine the unambiguous range to the target. As a byproduct of the process targets approaching the transceiver can be distinguished from those moving away from the transceiver. Range information is used to enhance the signal processing. The amount of signal integration is increased with range in proportion to the width of the detection pattern so as to optimize the signal to noise ratio (SNR). View full abstract»

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  • Ultracapacitors + DC-DC converters in regenerative braking system

    Page(s): 16 - 21
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1126 KB)  

    An ultracapacitor system for an electric vehicle has been implemented. The device allows higher accelerations and decelerations of the vehicle with minimal loss of energy and minimal degradation of the main battery pack. The system uses a DC-DC power converter, which is connected between the ultracapacitor and the main battery pack. The design has been optimized in weight and size, by using water-cooled heat sinks for the power converter, and an aluminum coil with air core for the smoothing inductance. The ratings of the ultracapacitor are: nominal voltage: 300 Vdc; nominal current: 200 Adc; capacitance: 20 Farads. The amount of energy stored allows us to have 40 kW of power during 20 seconds, which is enough to accelerate the vehicle without the help of the traction batteries. The vehicle uses a brushless DC motor with a nominal power of 32 kW and a peak power of 53 kW. A control system based on a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) manipulates all the aforementioned variables and controls the Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) switching pattern of the converter transistors. The car used for the implementation of this system is a Chevrolet LUV truck. View full abstract»

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  • Artificial hearts, batteries, and electric vehicles

    Page(s): 34 - 39
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    New battery applications ranged from an implanted battery that powers an artificial heart, to powering a seismic sensor behind an oil-well drilling bit as it grinds through rock looking for oil-bearing structure. These applications require high reliability that justifies the cost of thorough qualification testing, production control, acceptance testing of every cell, and tracking every cell by its serial number through its lifetime. Electric vehicle developments ranged from electric scooters for commuting to work in Europe to electric cars connected to the electric grid when not being driven. Availability of their battery energy for carrying load peaks is so valuable that the electric utility being supported could offer to replace the vehicles batteries whenever they wear out, with no cost to the car owner. View full abstract»

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  • The Digital Information Facility

    Page(s): 4 - 10
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    The acceptance and implementation of advanced digital avionics and flight control systems is dependent on the successful integration of these systems into the current and future National Airspace System (NAS). This paper describes a digital avionics systems research facility known as the Digital Information Facility (DIF) developed to provide researchers with the ground systems and air-to-ground interfaces needed to conduct and document experiments involving a mix of new technologies within the existing NAS infrastructure. The DIF supports four NAS functions: Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC), Flight Information Services (FIS), Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) navigation, and Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B). The DIF also includes the capability to record pilot and air traffic management interactions and document research participant observations. The DIF capability includes connectivity to flight test and simulated aircraft in a fully immersive Communications, Navigation, and Surveillance (CNS) environment. View full abstract»

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  • Virtual instruments used for LPG pipeline network monitoring

    Page(s): 11 - 15
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    The paper presents a pipeline liquefied petroleum gas network (PLPGN) monitoring system based upon the virtual instrument architecture. Starting from the introduction of development requirements and environment for the monitoring system, the paper discusses its hardware configuration and software functionalities, in detail. Practical application has demonstrated that the virtual instrument-based structure is very effective and the obtained monitoring system is highly flexible. View full abstract»

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  • Engine-driven generators for deep space probes

    Page(s): 28 - 33
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    Summarizes important developments relating to power for deep space missions. The important alternatives to thermocouples for converting radioisotope heat into electric power are Stirling engines, alkali-metal thermal-to-electric converters (AMTEC), thermionic converters, and thermo-photovoltaic converters. The operating principles and limitations of these converters are described. View full abstract»

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The IEEE Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine publishes articles and tutorials concerned with the various aspects of systems for space, air, ocean, or ground environments.

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