IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics

Issue 6 • Nov.-Dec. 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 75
  • Introduction to the millennium issue of the journal of selected topics in quantum electronics

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):829 - 831
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • Double heterostructure lasers: early days and future perspectives

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):832 - 840
    Cited by:  Papers (33)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (266 KB)

    A short historical review of the physics and technology of heterostructure lasers based on double heterostructures is described. Recent progress in quantum dot laser structures and future trends in the development of the physics and technology of these new types of heterostructures are discussed. View full abstract»

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  • History of optical trapping and manipulation of small-neutral particle, atoms, and molecules

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):841 - 856
    Cited by:  Papers (329)  |  Patents (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (249 KB)

    Reviews the history of optical trapping and manipulation of small-neutral particles, from the time of its origin in 1970 up to the present. As we shall see, the unique characteristics of this technique are having a major impact on the many subfields of physics, chemistry, and biology where small particles play a role. View full abstract»

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  • Quantum frequency standards

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):857 - 868
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (255 KB)

    A brief review of quantum frequency standards development since the early stage of quantum radiophysics is presented. The level of performance achieved and various applications in science and technology prove that the quantum frequency standards are a classical example of the remarkable impact of quantum radiophysics into 20th century civilization. View full abstract»

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  • Background of an inversion: the first gas laser

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):869 - 875
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (141 KB)

    A description of the problems encountered in creating the first continuously oscillating laser (the helium-neon "optical maser") is given, together with some previously unpublished data taken by the author on the excitation transfer process between helium metastables and the upper laser levels in neon. Research on the helium-neon excitation transfer problem is traced back to a little-known paper b... View full abstract»

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  • Nonlinear optics: past, present, and future

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):876 - 880
    Cited by:  Papers (26)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (57 KB)

    A historic introduction, describing the emergence of a new subfield of optics in the years 1961 and 1962, is followed by an overview of topics in nonlinear optics, which enjoy particular scientific or technological interest in the year 2000 and which hold promise for further developments in the 21st century. View full abstract»

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  • The impact of Charles H. Townes on nonlinear optics

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):881 - 884
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (64 KB)

    Reviews the impact of several of the pioneering contributions of Charles H. Townes on the development of the field of nonlinear optics. Research in the areas of stimulated Brillouin scattering, the Autler-Townes effect, and self-trapping of light are reviewed. View full abstract»

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  • Ion lasers-the early years

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):885 - 898
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (234 KB)

    The paper is a personal, anecdotal history of the discovery and early development of ion lasers, particularly the argon ion laser. A brief discussion of the mechanisms that make this laser work, and the engineering challenges and developments that make it practical are included. Some early applications in night reconnaissance and imaging are included. View full abstract»

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  • Radiation from a dipole embedded in a dielectric slab

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):899 - 910
    Cited by:  Papers (22)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (318 KB)

    A unified analytical treatment of the radiation from an electric dipole of arbitrary orientation embedded at an arbitrary location within a symmetrically clad dielectric slab is presented. Both the emission into three-dimensional (3-D) radiation modes, corresponding to emission within the critical angle escape cone within the dielectric slab, and into the two-dimensional (2-D) waveguide modes are ... View full abstract»

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  • Nonlinear optics and solid-state lasers: 2000

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):911 - 930
    Cited by:  Papers (27)  |  Patents (33)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (411 KB)

    Progress in solid-state laser sources and the nonlinear frequency conversion of lasers has been impressive over the first forty years of their development. The paper reviews the progress with an emphasis on the interactions of the scientists and engineers involved in the work and the motivation for the research. This account, is highly personal and necessarily incomplete. The references cited poin... View full abstract»

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  • New frontiers in quantum cascade lasers and applications

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):931 - 947
    Cited by:  Papers (102)  |  Patents (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (325 KB)

    Recent advances and new directions in quantum cascade (QC) lasers are discussed. Invented in 1994 following many years of research on band-structure engineered semiconductors and devices grown by molecular beam epitaxy, this fundamentally new laser has rapidly advanced to a leading position among midinfrared semiconductor lasers in terms of wavelength agility as well as power and temperature perfo... View full abstract»

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  • Few-optical-cycle laser pulses: from high peak power to frequency tunability

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):948 - 958
    Cited by:  Papers (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (184 KB)

    Recent advances in ultrafast laser technology have led to the generation of light pulses comprising few optical cycles employing different compression techniques. In particular, two techniques have been developed, which allow addressing the issues of high peak power or frequency tunability in a wide spectral range, namely: the hollow-fiber compression technique and the optical parametric amplifica... View full abstract»

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  • Optical space communications

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):959 - 975
    Cited by:  Papers (69)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (543 KB)

    Optical space communications is on the verge of becoming a reality. It will be a key building block for wide-area space data networks of the future. We discuss the critical technology and architecture issues to be addressed for the realization of these systems, and present examples of high level designs. Design methodologies treating these as complex engineering systems, and the technique to break... View full abstract»

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  • Engineers in the 21st century

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):976 - 977
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (14 KB)

    Most of us choose engineering as a profession because we like to solve problems and build things. I picture an engineer as a whole person, a well-rounded, well-adjusted individual who is capable of conducting business like anyone else, with the added benefit of technical skills. We are the modern-day renaissance men and women, like Edison and Da Vinci. These men could invent and create. They were ... View full abstract»

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  • Tunable VCSEL

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):978 - 987
    Cited by:  Papers (222)  |  Patents (24)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (297 KB)

    Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) are now key optical sources in optical communications. Their main application is currently in local area networks using multimode optical fibers. VCSELs are also being rapidly commercialized for single-mode fiber metropolitan area and wide area network applications. The advantages of VCSEL include simpler fiber coupling, easier packaging and testing... View full abstract»

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  • Monolithic tunable diode lasers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):988 - 999
    Cited by:  Papers (156)  |  Patents (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (439 KB)

    After over two decades of exploration, tunable diode lasers are beginning to find significant applications, driven largely by the huge demand for bandwidth that is guiding many developments in the optical fiber communication business today. In the paper, some of the history and key developments that have led to the technologies available today are reviewed from the perspective of the author. After... View full abstract»

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  • Reminiscences on selected millennium highlights in the quest for tunable terahertz-submillimeter wave oscillators

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1000 - 1007
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (148 KB)

    The generation of coherent electromagnetic radiation across the spectrum has been one of man's major achievements. With the invention of the laser, the microwave and optical spectral range has seen intense activity in both physical and quantum electronics research and engineering. However, the submillimeter-terahertz region has been somewhat left behind, partly due to the unique challenges it pres... View full abstract»

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  • Strained-layer InGaAs quantum-well heterostructure lasers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1008 - 1013
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (89 KB)

    The incorporation of intentional strain in heterostructure lasers was almost unheard of a decade ago or so and considered a problem to be avoided. Advances in both epitaxial crystal growth technology and the understanding of the physics and reliability of these materials have led to a remarkable increase in the commercial use of strained-layer lasers. The industry has benefited from an increase in... View full abstract»

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  • Fiber optics in sensing and measurement

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1014 - 1021
    Cited by:  Papers (23)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (153 KB)

    Optical techniques for measurement-interferometry, spectrometry and polarimetry"have long been used in materials measurement and environmental evaluation. The optical fiber lends get more flexibility in the implementation of these basic concepts. Fiber-optic technology has, for over 30 years, made important contributions to the science of measurement. The paper presents a perspective on these cont... View full abstract»

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  • Medium-power CW Raman fiber lasers

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1022 - 1028
    Cited by:  Papers (67)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (102 KB)

    A review of recent results on medium-power CW Raman fiber lasers pumped by laser diodes is presented. Most attention is given to Raman lasers based on phosphosilicate fibers, the latter providing a number of advantages compared to commonly used germanosilicate fibers. View full abstract»

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  • Optimum nonblocking networks for photonic switching

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1029 - 1039
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (179 KB)

    We systematically minimize the number of elements in a N/spl times/N crossconnect consisting of 2/spl times/2 elements. The derivation covers all cases of interest, including dilated arrangements with negligible crosstalk. The relationship between number of elements and important parameters such as crosstalk, depth, and width is obtained. If N is not too large, and if stringent requirements are im... View full abstract»

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  • III-V semiconductor heterojunction devices grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1040 - 1050
    Cited by:  Papers (21)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (201 KB)

    Several important early developments in the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition technology relate to the demonstration of high-performance AlGaAs-GaAs injection lasers and solar cells in the late 1970s. It has been nearly 24 years since the first semiconductor injection lasers grown by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) were made and nearly 22 years since the first continuous-wave q... View full abstract»

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  • From N/sub 2/ (337 nm) to high-order harmonic generation: 40 years of coherent source development in the UV and VUV

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1051 - 1060
    Cited by:  Papers (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (830 KB)

    An abbreviated history of the development of several selected coherent sources (primary and nonlinear) in the 100-100-nm spectral region over the past four decades is presented. In this comparatively brief span of time, peak output powers in the UV have risen by more than eight orders of magnitude, and photons from the near-UV to the threshold of the soft X-ray region are now generated routinely a... View full abstract»

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  • Excimer laser technology development

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1061 - 1071
    Cited by:  Papers (28)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (172 KB)

    Reviews the underlying physics and key technology developments of excimer lasers. The paper traces both e-beam pumped lasers, which were the initial vehicle for demonstrating the majority of these systems, and the more practical fast-pulse avalanche-discharge lasers. By solving the key technology issues derived from certain applications of interest to funding agencies, the past work has provided t... View full abstract»

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  • Active optoelectronics using thin-film organic semiconductors

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):1072 - 1083
    Cited by:  Papers (56)  |  Patents (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (623 KB)

    We review recent results in the emerging area of organic semiconductor materials. Light-emitting devices, thin-film transistors and ultrafast photodetectors are used as examples to show the progress made in our understanding of the fundamental optoelectronic properties of organic thin films, and their application to active electronic devices. Also, a perspective of the potential of these materials... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Papers published in the IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics fall within the broad field of science and technology of quantum electronics of a device, subsystem, or system-oriented nature.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Prof. José Capmany
Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain Photonics Research Labs, ITEAM Research Institute
Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University