IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management

Issue 2 • May 1990

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Displaying Results 1 - 10 of 10
  • On the optimal safe allocation and scheduling of a work force in a toxic substance environment

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):95 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (588 KB)

    An approach using linear programming to model and to solve the problem of safe allocation and scheduling of a manufacturing work force in a toxic substance environment is presented. The firm's objective is to maximize utilization of the work force, without violating any OSHA (US Occupational Safety and Health Administration) standards. The basic assumption is that engineering controls are either n... View full abstract»

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  • Initial capital for the new technological enterprise

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):81 - 94
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1436 KB)

    An assessment of the capital market for technology-based firms is presented, with emphasis on the links between the stages of evolution of a firm and the investment preferences of various capital sources. These factors lead to an expectation that initial capital will be supplied most frequently by the entrepeneurs themselves from their own savings, secondarily by their families and friends and by ... View full abstract»

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  • Project performance and the liability of group harmony

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):117 - 125
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (872 KB)

    There have been numerous debates about the proper makeup and behavior of effective project teams, and the literature is contradictory with regard to this issue. In the present study, 44 members of 14 project teams who worked on the same complex computer-simulated project were observed. A survey administered four times during the life of the project revealed that initial ratings of group attributes... View full abstract»

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  • Teamwork in planning innovative projects: improving group performance by rational and interpersonal interventions in group process

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):109 - 116
    Cited by:  Papers (23)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (808 KB)

    Management research has suggested that consensus (interacting) groups exhibit superior performance on many organizational tasks such as selecting R&D proposals for funding, planning innovative projects, and exercising quality control during implementation. The objective of this research was to investigate or not the already good performance of consensus groups on project planning tasks could b... View full abstract»

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  • Flowgraph representation of life cycle cost methodology-a new perspective for project managers

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):147 - 152
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    A novel technique is presented for performing life-cycle cost analysis. The technique is based on a graph-theoretic representation of interrelationships among the variables as functions making up a given methodology: learning, cost parameters, cost factors, and quantities. A diagraph representation of variable relationships serves as the basis for establishing the network. Flowgraph theory is used... View full abstract»

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  • R&D manager's performance expectations

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):139 - 143
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    Managers of professional employees from 18 companies were assessed to determine attributes associated with their most-preferred and least-preferred technical professional. It was found that managers of technical professionals have a clear cognitive set regarding behavior and characteristics associated with the most-preferred and least-preferred technical professional. A basic cognitive model for p... View full abstract»

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  • Factor automation: the Japanese experience

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):102 - 108
    Cited by:  Papers (27)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB)

    The authors report the findings of a research study that investigates the practical experience of Japanese industries in the implementation of factory automation (FA). Eighteen well-known Japanese companies were considered in the study, including NEC, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Mazda, and Nippon Steel. It was found that very few Japanese companies were concerned about the potential negative impact of FA ... View full abstract»

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  • An interactive approach for selecting IR&D projects

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):126 - 133
    Cited by:  Papers (75)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (756 KB)

    The authors present a strategy for systematically allocating resources to competing independent research and development (IR&D) projects in a company building systems for the US Department of Defense. The approach is less mathematically complex than many techniques reported in the literature, utilizing the judgement of key business and technical elements in the organization. The authors first ... View full abstract»

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  • The linear R&D project selection problem: an alternative to net present value

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):143 - 146
    Cited by:  Papers (26)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (408 KB)

    An alternative to the net present value (NPV) formulation of the objective in problems involving choice between cash flows over time is presented. This approach is illustrated in an R&D project selection problem. It is shown that the NPV formulation is a special case of optimizing a multiattribute value function. This special case requires restrictive assumptions about the decision-maker's pre... View full abstract»

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  • A managerial approach to research and development cost-effectiveness evaluation

    Publication Year: 1990, Page(s):134 - 138
    Cited by:  Papers (14)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB)

    An overall research and development (R&D) cost-effectiveness evaluation system that is currently in operation is described and discussed. Evaluation is done on several cross sections of R&D management. For use with several usage objectives of cost effectiveness, some variations of the figure of merit (FOM) are shown. The FOM indicates R&D danger symptoms, especially on promising future... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Management of technical functions such as research, development, and engineering in industry, government, university, and other settings. Emphasis is on studies carried on within an organization to help in decision making or policy formation for RD&E. 

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Rajiv Sabherwal
Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas