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IEEE Intelligent Systems and their Applications

Issue 5 • Date Sept.-Oct. 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 11 of 11
  • The debate on automated essay grading

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):22 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (27)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1442 KB)

    We look at a controversy: the use of computers for automated and semiautomated grading of exams. K. Kukich, the director of the Natural Language Processing group at Educational Testing Service, provides an insider's view of the history of the field of automated essay grading and describes how ETS is currently using computer programs to supplement human judges in the grading process. T. Landauer, D... View full abstract»

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  • Visual learning with navigation as an example

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):63 - 71
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1812 KB)

    The state-based learning method presented is applicable to virtually any vision-based control problem. We use navigation as an example. In a controlled environment, we can define a few known landmarks before system design, and the navigation system can employ landmark detectors. Such navigation systems typically employ a model-based design method. However these methods have difficulties dealing wi... View full abstract»

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  • O-P3: Supporting the planning process using open planning process panels

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):56 - 62
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (7264 KB)

    The authors introduce Open Planning Process Panels (O-P3), which are based on explicit models of the planning process and can coordinate the development and evaluation of multipole courses of action. O-P3 can coordinate the workflow between multiple agents and visualize the development and evaluation of multiple courses of action (COAs). We have used O-P3 to implem... View full abstract»

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  • Analyzing the subjective interestingness of association rules

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):47 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (71)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (592 KB)

    Association rules, a class of important regularities in databases, have proven very useful in practical applications, but association-rule-mining algorithms tend to produce huge numbers of rules, most of which are of no interest. Users have considerable difficulty manually analyzing so many rules to identify the truly interesting ones. To solve that problem, we have developed a new approach to hel... View full abstract»

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  • Different firms, different ontologies, and no one best ontology

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):72 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (251 KB)

    Firms develop best practices knowledge bases with reuse in mind, yet different firms use different ontologies for these bases, making them difficult to share. This article examines why different firms want different ontologies and presents a theoretical model finding that there is no ontology that is optimal for all. The author finds many differences at the basic level of categories of processes. View full abstract»

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  • INDED: a distributed knowledge-based learning system

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):38 - 46
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2432 KB)

    The INDED (induction-deduction, pronounced "indeed") system performs rule discovery using the techniques of inductive logic programming, and accumulates and handles knowledge using a deductive nonmonotonic reasoning engine. Using the language of logic programming, we use a hypergraph to represent the knowledge base from which rules are mined. Because the hypergraph gets inordinately large in INDED... View full abstract»

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  • Quantum computing: the final frontier?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):10 - 18
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3668 KB)

    As NASA spacecraft explore deeper into the cosmos, speed-of-light-limited signal delays make it increasingly impractical to command missions from Earth. Future spacecraft will need greater onboard computing capacity to mimic human-level intelligence and autonomy. The solution might come from quantum computers, which offer properties of size, power, and robustness that are ideally suited to the spa... View full abstract»

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  • After desktop computing: a progress report on smart environments research

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):7 - 9
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (768 KB)

    Microsoft Research, founded in 1991, is now one of the leading computer research groups worldwide. MSR's charter is to invent ways to make computers more capable and easy to use. What is next for Microsoft? Bill Gates has a host of irons in his research fire (http://research.microsoft.com/research). Among them, the EasyLiving group (www.research.microsoft.com/easyliving) is working to propel compu... View full abstract»

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  • The wireless Internet today and tomorrow

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):82 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (492 KB)

    I review the current technology for accessing the Web using wireless handheld devices. There is a lot of excitement in the news about the wireless Internet. The current technology is limited, but fortunately, everything is about to change in the wireless world. We are about to face changes across the board in wireless Internet access: infrastructure, devices, and user interfaces will all change dr... View full abstract»

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  • Measuring IS: toward a US standard

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):19 - 21
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2524 KB)

    At the urging of intelligent systems consumers, including industry groups and the US military, the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is taking the first steps toward creating standard measures for intelligent systems (IS). The need for intelligent systems in the public and private sectors is complicated by many unanswered questions. Among those questions are how to precisely... View full abstract»

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  • ITS for rent [intelligent transport systems]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):84 - 85, inside back cover
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (996 KB)

    The concept of sharing electric vehicles (renting them for one or several hours or a fraction of an hour) has been around for a while. I describe the ongoing Intelligent Transportation System/Electronic Vehicle (ITS/EV) Yokohama project, which is demonstrating an EV sharing system for business use. The project's goal is to find real customers at the demonstration site and to develop ways to minimi... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Periodical ceased production in 2000. The current retitled publication is IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Full Aims & Scope