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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on

Issue 6 • Date Dec. 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 22 of 22
  • Acknowledgment of reviewers

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1195 - 1199
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1354 - 1359
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Subject index

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1359 - 1375
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A new passive 28-step current shaper for three-phase rectification

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1212 - 1219
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)  

    A new passive 28-step current shaper for three-phase rectification is proposed in this paper. With a phase-shifting transformer on the AC side and six interphase transformers on the DC side, per-phase input current can be shaped into a 28-step sinusoidal waveform. The total harmonic distortion of AC input currents obtained is 6.53%, lower than one-half of that in a conventional 12-pulse converter. The transformer voltampere rating is also lowered down to one-fifth of that in a 12-pulse converter. A 2 kW experiment is performed to verify the proposed circuit. View full abstract»

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  • A neural-network-based controller for the cost-effective operation of a hybrid compensator for nonactive power

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1220 - 1227
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
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    The need to eliminate distortion from power networks has led to the development of various compensator topologies. The increasing cost of electrical energy requires the choice of the most cost-effective compensator operation. An investigation of a neural-network-based controller that chooses the most cost-effective compensator mode of operation on the basis of a continuous analysis of load conditions and the operational losses of the elements in the compensator structure are reported. The modeling of operational losses of each subtopology and the required control strategy are discussed. The results show that the operational loss savings due to the neural-network-controlled hybrid compensator were 30%-70% as compared to the conventionally controlled hybrid compensator, while also conforming to other control strategy requirements. View full abstract»

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  • Microcomputer implementation of optimal algorithms for closed-loop control of hybrid stepper motor drives

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1319 - 1325
    Cited by:  Papers (15)  |  Patents (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (128 KB)  

    This paper discusses optimal algorithms for closed-loop control of hybrid stepper motor drives and their microprocessor implementation. The torque characteristics and the optimal control angle of hybrid stepper motor drives with added series resistance and reluctant stepper motor drives have been described in detail in the literature. The specific contribution of the paper to this field of research consists of the analysis of the torque characteristics and the optimal control angle of hybrid stepper motor drives with a chopper amplifier and current controller. Analytical expressions for the average torque and the optimal control angle of a two-phase hybrid stepper motor with chopper amplifier and current controller have been developed. An actual hybrid stepper motor drive and the microcontroller-based implementation of the suboptimal and exact optimal control algorithms have been described. The experimental results obtained by positioning a two-phase hybrid stepper motor drive with chopper amplifier, phase current controller, and incremental encoder suggested that the derived optimal control algorithm provided maximum acceleration and minimum positioning time of the hybrid stepper motor drive. View full abstract»

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  • New control scheme for class DE inverter by varying driving signals

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1237 - 1248
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
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    A new control scheme for the class DE inverter is presented. This method generates the output voltage and power by varying driving signals which turn switches on and off. The advantages of the proposed scheme are the improvement of the power conversion efficiency for low output voltage, the operation at fixed operating frequency, unneccessity of enlargement of the circuit scale, and suitability for controlling the wide output range. An exact analysis and circuit experiments are carried out. It is shown that the experimental results are very similar to the theoretical predictions qualitatively. Measured efficiency is over 93% with 1.0-MHz 1.8-W output. View full abstract»

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  • A new hybrid C-dump and buck-fronted converter for switched reluctance motors

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1228 - 1236
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
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    This paper presents an experimentally verified single-pulse-operation switched reluctance motor converter topology based on the basic buck-fronted topology and the modified C-dump topology. Using only (n+1) power switches, this topology is able to achieve full single-pulse operation, thereby reducing switching losses and acoustic noise. It also achieves a greater demagnetizing voltage compared to the basic buck-fronted topology, without having to increase the DC-source voltage. The converter is more robust as its dump capacitor stops being charged if the chopper switch fails. The principle of operation, modes of operation, transient simulation results, and experimental results are presented. View full abstract»

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  • Comparison of simulation algorithms for accelerated determination of periodic steady state of switched networks

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1278 - 1285
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (128 KB)  

    This paper presents a comparison of the following algorithms for accelerated determination of periodic steady state of switched networks: Newton's method with analytically determined Jacobian; Newton's method with numerically determined Jacobian; Newton's method with Broyden updates of an initial numerically determined Jacobian; Newton's method with a globally convergent strategy (and numerical Jacobian); Bukowski's method; and Skelboe's method. Each algorithm is incorporated into a very accurate power electronics' simulator (PECS) at source-code level and compared on a common basis. The results on several switching converters suggest the analytical Newton's method to be the most accurate and fastest. When analytical derivatives are not available, both Broyden's and Skelboe's methods are competitive. View full abstract»

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  • Lossless current sensing in low-voltage high-current DC/DC modular supplies

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1249 - 1252
    Cited by:  Papers (78)  |  Patents (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (84 KB)  

    New data processing ICs require low-voltage high-current supplies together with high reliability and efficiency. The use of a modular power supply would be the ideal solution, but it requires detecting the current in each module, and resistive shunts are usually used. In this paper, a new lossless current-sensing circuit is presented. This lossless current transducer is obtained by applying the technique used to compensate the parasitic inductance in resistive shunts to the filter inductor of the DC/DC power supply. The causes that can influence transducer response are investigated. The current sensing was implemented in a modular DC/DC power supply and experimental results are reported. View full abstract»

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  • Feasibility of contact and noncontact material handling using traveling waves and transition characteristics

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1344 - 1345
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The feasibility of using traveling waves as a mechanism for industrial material handling is examined. A prototype was constructed to experimentally investigate the feasibility of the proposed method. Two kinds of transport methods are investigated: frictional drive and acoustic levitation. Experimental transport speed characteristics are presented. The transition characteristics from acoustic levitation to frictional drive are also experimentally examined. View full abstract»

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  • Two-phase modulation technique for three-level inverter-fed AC drives

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1200 - 1211
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (324 KB)  

    Two-phase dipolar and unipolar modulation techniques for three-level three-phase inverters are suggested and compared with conventional three-phase pulsewidth modulation (PWM) techniques. Two-phase PWMs with 60° (0° and ±30° shift) and 120° cycles are investigated from the point of view of harmonic losses, motor voltage spectra, and torque pulsations. It is shown that two-phase dipolar PWMs have no advantages in comparison with three-phase PWMs, while two-phase unipolar PWMs-in contrast with three-phase PWMs-considerably decrease the motor harmonic losses and torque pulsations in the whole motor voltage region. At the same time, the inverter neutral point control requires reversing to three-phase PWM technique for the duration of the control. View full abstract»

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  • Single-switch electronic ballast with continuous input current charge pump power-factor correction

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1263 - 1270
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    This paper presents a single-switch electronic ballast with continuous input current charge pump power-factor correction. The ballast circuit is composed of a series/parallel inverter, a charge pump power-factor corrector, and a dimming controller. The characteristics and design considerations of this ballast are discussed in this paper. Dimming control is achieved by varying the switching frequency. The frequency-modulation scheme is used to reduce the low-frequency output current ripple. A prototype of a 36WT8 fluorescent lamp ballast has been implemented and tested. Experimental results verify the analytical derivations. View full abstract»

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  • Sensorless sliding-mode control of induction motors

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1286 - 1297
    Cited by:  Papers (109)
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    This paper develops the ideas of speed- and flux-sensorless sliding-mode control for an induction motor illustrated in previous work by one of the authors. A sliding-mode observer/controller is proposed in this paper. The convergence of the nonlinear time-varying observer along with the asymptotic stability of the controller is analyzed. Pulsewidth modulation implementation using sliding-mode concepts is also discussed. Major attention is paid to torque control, and then the developed approach is utilized for speed control. Computer simulations and experiments have been carried out to test the proposed estimation and control algorithm. The experimental results demonstrated high efficiency of the proposed estimation and control method. View full abstract»

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  • A SPICE model for a novel brushless adjustable-speed drive

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1307 - 1318
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    A SPICE circuit model was developed to accurately simulate the i-v characteristics of a brushless AC motor commutated by semiconductor switches. The model is based on Fourier curve fits to measured mutual inductance interactions between all combinations of field and armature windings, as well as coil resistance and inductance. The model is able to accurately predict current and voltage characteristics, both statically, and dynamically when interfaced with a commutation model. The model has been demonstrated to agree with electrical tests of an inverted motor on a large time scale. It has also given reliable predictions of small time-scale details, where it is desirable to predict power MOSFET switch behavior after a command to open or close. Data were collected and analyzed for simulations of the motor model combined with a commutation model containing MOSFET switches. Metrics were compared to data collected from an inverted brushless motor with good agreement. View full abstract»

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  • Optimization of spare capacity in self-healing multicast ATM network using genetic algorithm

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1334 - 1343
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    The objective of this paper is to optimize the amount of spare capacity reserved for the backup virtual paths (BVPs) in multicast asynchronous transfer mode networks. In this paper, we study the capacity and routing assignment problem arising in the design of self-healing networks using the VP concept. A major contribution of this work is to apply a genetic algorithm (GA) to the backup path search process instead of the trivial exhaustive search method. Experimental results indicate that both approaches have very comparable results in finding the multicast backup paths. Further, it also indicated that using a GA approach has a number of advantages over the exhaustive search approach, such as the computational requirement for a GA in finding good BVPs is small when compared to the exhaustive search method. A major drawback of our approach is that we cannot guarantee the finding of global optimum in real time. View full abstract»

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  • A novel energy-recovery sustaining driver for plasma display panel

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1271 - 1277
    Cited by:  Papers (28)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB)  

    A novel energy-recovery driver is proposed to drive a plasma display panel (PDP) in the sustaining operation. The proposed circuit uses the parallel resonance between the inductor and the intrinsic capacitance of PDP to mainly recover the energy lost by the capacitive displacement current of the PDP. The parasitic resonance caused by the parasitic inductance and the stray capacitance is prevented greatly. A 34-in AC PDP equipped with the proposed driving circuit, operated at 100 kHz, is investigated. In addition, some prior work is shown in this paper for comparison, in which the power consumption of driving the same 34-in panel is measured. The experimental results show that the proposed driver has a low-cost structure and better performance than the prior ones. View full abstract»

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  • Adaptive time-delay controller

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1350 - 1353
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
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    A time-delay controller is proposed in this letter. This controller possesses attractive properties, such as requiring only one tuning parameter. Furthermore, it can be applied to higher order systems as well as systems with dominant delay. The basic structure is integrated with an online estimation algorithm to form an adaptive time-delay controller. An experimental study is included to demonstrate its performance and merits compared with two similar controllers. View full abstract»

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  • A high-precision positioning servo controller based on phase/frequency detecting technique of two-phase-type PLL

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1298 - 1306
    Cited by:  Papers (13)  |  Patents (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (164 KB)  

    This paper presents a new method proposed for high-precision positioning servomechanisms. The servo controller uses a two-phase-type phase-locked loop (PLL) to detect position tracking error and speed fluctuation with high resolution. Because the two-phase-type PLL has a wide frequency range and high noise suppression performance, we applied the new controller to high-power and high-velocity servo-spindles and achieved high control performance. The developed servo-spindles were used by a high-productivity numerically controlled gear grinding machine. Experiments of gear grinding were carried out, and the results confirmed the performance of the developed controller. View full abstract»

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  • Development of a distributive control scheme for fluorescent lighting based on LonWorks technology

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1253 - 1262
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (212 KB)  

    In this paper, a new distributive control system for indoor fluorescent lighting based on LonWorks technology is presented. The system features the following elements: microprocessor-controlled fluorescent lamp electronic ballast, communication system using the power line as communication media, and control software for Windows 95 environment. The electronic ballast has been especially designed to be operated under the proposed distributive control system. Thus, it features high-input power factor, high-frequency lamp supply, lamp power regulation against line voltage variations, dimming capability, and lamp failure detection. With this scheme, a low-cost distributive control system for lighting applications has been achieved, allowing energy and maintenance savings and increase in the reliability of the fluorescent lighting systems. View full abstract»

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  • Real time and an in-process measuring system for the grinding process cylindrical workpieces using Kalman filtering

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1326 - 1333
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB)  

    This paper introduces an in-process measurement system that does not pause during the machining processes. The system could result in enhanced productivity and quality control in manufacturing processes that use a surface grinding spindle. For the gauging sensor of the measurement system, we propose an eddy-current sensor because it is a noncontact type, which uses an eddy current induced when a metallic material is placed in a high-frequency electromagnetic field. Also, it is very insensitive to other kinds of interference such as cutting fluids, coolants, contact pressure, and wear at the contact point. For data analysis, the measurement system was modeled as a linearized discrete form, and the states with noises were estimated by an extended Kalman filter. Validation of this system was performed through a simulation and an experiment. View full abstract»

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  • A neural-learning-based reflectance model for 3-D shape reconstruction

    Publication Year: 2000 , Page(s): 1346 - 1350
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (200 KB)  

    In this letter, the limitation of the conventional Lambertian reflectance model is addressed and a new neural-based reflectance model is proposed of which the physical parameters of the reflectivity under different lighting conditions are interpreted by the neural network behavior of the nonlinear input-output mapping. The idea of this method is to optimize a proper reflectance model by a neural learning algorithm and to recover the object surface by a simple shape-from-shading (SFS) variational method with this neural-based model. A unified computational scheme is proposed to yield the best SFS solution. This SFS technique has become more robust for most objects, even when the lighting conditions are uncertain. View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics encompasses the applications of electronics, controls and communications, instrumentation and computational intelligence for the enhancement of industrial and manufacturing systems and processes.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Carlo Cecati
DISIM - Univ. degli Studi dell'Aquila
67100 Aquila, Italy
c.cecati@ieee.org
Phone: +39 0862 434 450
Fax: +39 0862 1960 411