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Proceedings of the IEEE

Issue 4 • April 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 12 of 12
  • Prolog to perceptual coding of digital audio

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):449 - 450
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  • Perceptual coding of digital audio

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):451 - 515
    Cited by:  Papers (370)  |  Patents (146)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1180 KB)

    During the last decade, CD-quality digital audio has essentially replaced analog audio. Emerging digital audio applications for network, wireless, and multimedia computing systems face a series of constraints such as reduced channel bandwidth, limited storage capacity, and low cost. These new applications have created a demand for high-quality digital audio delivery at low bit rates. In response t... View full abstract»

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  • Prolog to toward robust integrated circuits: the embryonics approach

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):514 - 515
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  • Toward robust integrated circuits: The embryonics approach

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):516 - 543
    Cited by:  Papers (96)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4178 KB)

    The growth and operation of all living beings are directed by the interpretation, in each of their cells, of a chemical program, the DNA string or genome. This process is the source of inspiration for the Embryonics (embryonic electronics) project, whose final objective is the design of highly robust integrated circuits, endowed with properties usually associated with the living world: self-repair... View full abstract»

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  • Prolog to IDDQ testing for CMOS VLSI

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):542 - 543
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  • Iddq testing for CMOS VLSI

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):544 - 568
    Cited by:  Papers (68)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1630 KB)

    It is little more than 15-years since the idea of Iddq testing was first proposed. Many semiconductor companies now consider Iddq testing as an integral part of the overall testing for all IC's. This paper describes the present status of Iddq testing along with the essential items and necessary data related to Iddq testing. As part of the introduction, a historical background and discussion is giv... View full abstract»

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  • Prolog to sampling-50 years after Shannon

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):567 - 568
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  • Sampling-50 years after Shannon

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):569 - 587
    Cited by:  Papers (572)  |  Patents (24)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (395 KB)

    This paper presents an account of the current state of sampling, 50 years after Shannon's formulation of the sampling theorem. The emphasis is on regular sampling, where the grid is uniform. This topic has benefitted from a strong research revival during the past few years, thanks in part to the mathematical connections that were made with wavelet theory. To introduce the reader to the modern, Hil... View full abstract»

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  • Bio-medical electronics-2012 A.D.

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):588 - 589
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (12 KB)

    This paper is reprinted from the Proceedings of the IRE, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 636-637, May 1962. In it, predictions for 2012 biomedicine are made covering: organ replacement, inspection and repair; genetic studies; and electronic diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. View full abstract»

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  • Biomedical electronics-update

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):590 - 592
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Lusted's brief paper, "Biomedical electronics: 2012 A.D." [1961], remains a shrewd prediction. Lusted focuses on three aspects of organ replacement and then on genetics. The physiological control systems for human organs have proved to be considerably more complex than the simple "feedback loop" of 1961. In his prediction, Lusted quite reasonably names "heart, kidneys, stomach, and even liver" as ... View full abstract»

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  • How shall we satisfy the long-term educational needs of engineers?

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):593 - 596
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (34 KB)

    After 50 years, it is time to seriously reassess some of the basic premises of engineering education. The long-term needs of engineers and society demand it. To keep up with the changes in both technology and engineering practice we have tried to add content to a more or less fixed-size program. There are three possibilities for a resolution: to lengthen the program, to do more in the same time, o... View full abstract»

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  • Introduction: A new perspective [Scanning Our Past]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):597 - 599
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (727 KB)

    All electrical engineers share a common heritage of discovery and invention, but that heritage is a complex one. The story is not a simple, linear progression from the earliest days of electricity to our modern world where nearly everything can be powered by electricity or controlled by electronics. Rather, it is a story with many strands running in parallel. Often workers in different places have... View full abstract»

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North Carolina State University