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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 3 • March 2000

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Displaying Results 1 - 8 of 8
  • False alarm, nuclear danger

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):31 - 39
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2118 KB)

    The radar and satellite networks meant to warn Russia of the imminence of a missile attack are breaking down, heightening the risk of accidental nuclear war. The authors discuss the reasons for the this which include ageing satellites and the floundering Russian economy. The authors discuss a false alarm in 1995 and how it highlighted the deficiencies in Russia's early warning system. The state of... View full abstract»

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  • How to lengthen the nuclear fuse

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):40 - 43
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (321 KB)

    Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin took a step toward de-alerting strategic nuclear forces in 1994, when they pledged to stop aiming strategic missiles at each other's country. But the pact was symbolic only. The missiles retained their wartime targets in computer memory, and the target coordinates could be reloaded into the missile guidance computers within seconds. If either President ordered a miss... View full abstract»

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  • A new species of hardware

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):59 - 64
    Cited by:  Papers (10)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (292 KB)

    If natural evolution is so successful a designer, why not simulate its workings in an engineering setting, by using a computer to evolve solutions to hard problems. Researchers pursuing this idea in the 1950s and '60s gave birth to the domain of evolutionary computation. Four decades later, the domain is flourishing, both in industry and academia, presenting what may well be a new approach to opti... View full abstract»

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  • Minding Russia's nuclear store

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):44 - 50
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (404 KB)

    Russia's thousands of metric tons of bomb-grade uranium and plutonium and hundreds of thousands of displaced nuclear workers represent a proliferation risk that is impossible to ignore, particularly after smugglers have been caught with weapons grade plutonium. The authors discuss the extent of the problem caused by the break-up of the Soviet Union. Cooperation between the US and Russia on aspects... View full abstract»

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  • Modeling the wiring of deep submicron ICs

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):65 - 71
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (356 KB)

    The semiconductor industry has fuelled the enormous growth of the electronics industry with an unending flow of even better, faster, cheaper chips. These chip improvements, in turn, have been stoked by steady progress in semiconductor process technology, which, as Moore's law predicts, doubles IC transistor counts every 18 months. Supporting this progress is the infrastructure provided by design t... View full abstract»

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  • Mending nuclear fences [arms control]

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):54 - 58
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    The end of the cold war brought with it the hope, and even the expectation, that the dreaded nuclear sword of Damocles would no longer hang over the heads of Russians, Americans, and, indeed, over all the world's peoples. Yet 10 years after the Berlin Wall was torn down, that hope seems further from being realized than before. Instead of the bold visions enunciated by President Mikhail Gorbachev a... View full abstract»

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  • A coming attraction: digital cinema

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):72 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (360 KB)

    Discusses the advent of the digital cinema where the film to be shown has been digitally recorded and stored on disk drives that have been brought to the theater, where it will be digitally projected as well. The author pays particular attention to digital projection methods View full abstract»

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  • The troubling state of nuclear controls

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):28 - 30
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    A decade after the cold war officially ended-with the reunification of Germany, the liberation of Eastern European nations from Soviet hegemony, and the collapse of the Soviet State itself-events have taken an alarming turn for the worse. The United States and Russia have refused to ratify nuclear arms control treaties they signed, both are back-pedaling on the implementation of less formal arms a... View full abstract»

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