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IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management

Issue 4 • Nov 1989

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Displaying Results 1 - 5 of 5
  • A user-centered approach to define high-level requirements for next-generation CAD systems for mechanical engineering

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):262 - 270
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (948 KB)

    The authors describe work undertaken within the Alvey Research Programme in the United Kingdom. They outline some of the user problems that have been discovered with CAD (computer-aided design) systems. These are then discussed in relation to the design process and, on the basis of studies of users, a less-structured, more opportunistic version of the mechanical engineering design process is descr... View full abstract»

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  • The need to reconceptualize CAD: the case of Brazilian engineering consultancy firms

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):293 - 297
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (504 KB)

    Some of the biggest engineering consulting firms in Brazil have been trying to introduce computer-aided design (CAD) systems for more than five years. Results have been poor, due to concepts of automation developed during the period of industrial mechanization. CAD is basically perceived as a tool for increasing manpower productivity. Because of this perception, valuable uses of the information sy... View full abstract»

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  • Computer-aided design: limitations in automating design and drafting

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):252 - 261
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1040 KB)

    The impact of CAD (computer-aided design) on employment and skill is examined. First, the relationship between the adoption of mechanical CAD systems and employment of drafters in the aerospace and automobile industries is assessed. Contrary to many employment projections, drafting employment in these industries increased with increases in the adoption of CAD systems. Second, the effects of design... View full abstract»

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  • Role conflict in design supervision

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):271 - 281
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1028 KB)

    It is noted that managers planning to implement a CAD (computer-aided design) system concentrate most of their effort into technical analysis. Although some investigation is made into user participation and training, little attention is apparently paid to examining wider organization impacts. In particular, the role of the first-line supervisor in design can be fundamentally eroded when relationsh... View full abstract»

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  • Design work in change: social conditions and results of CAD use in mechanical engineering

    Publication Year: 1989, Page(s):282 - 292
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1124 KB)

    The findings presented on the use of CAD (computer-aided design) in West Germany's mechanical engineering industry show that CAD is used in various ways by different firms and thus effects working conditions in diverse ways. The various production structures used by the single-piece, half-standardized, and standardized series producers are considered to be the most important factors for explaining... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Management of technical functions such as research, development, and engineering in industry, government, university, and other settings. Emphasis is on studies carried on within an organization to help in decision making or policy formation for RD&E. 

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Editor-in-Chief
Rajiv Sabherwal
Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas