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Intelligent Systems and their Applications, IEEE

Issue 4 • Date July-Aug. 1998

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Displaying Results 1 - 14 of 14
  • The Role of Configuration Knowledge in the Business Process [Configuration Roundtable]

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 29 - 31
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  • Configuration [Guest Editor's Introduction]

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 32 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • An industrial-strength description logic-based configurator platform

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 69 - 77
    Cited by:  Papers (11)  |  Patents (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3496 KB)  

    Modern communications equipment is highly modular and can scale to a wide range of applications. Usually, the equipment's cost and complexity requires that it be manufactured to order, or at least assembled-to-order. In this context, orders double as specifications, describing what should be manufactured as well as how the product should be installed. Producing a correct and complete order for such equipment can be challenging when requirements are incomplete, inconsistent, or when the final product is large and complicated. A good order is technically correct and meets customer requirements for network capacity and growth without over-engineering. Incomplete configurations can lead to cost overruns if the missing elements are discovered during manufacturing. If they are not, faulty products can result. Either way, the customers are unhappy. We have tackled the configuration problem for a number of large telecommunications products. Our Prose configurators are based on CLASSIC, a description logic-based knowledge representation system. We have found it to be well suited to our configurator needs. Because it attempts to provide predictable performance in all cases, CLASSIC is less expressive than many description logic systems, but it has been widely used in both industrial applications and academic systems. Some of our configurators have been in use since 1990. They have processed more than $4.5 billion in orders and have documented many benefits, including reduced order processing time, reduced staffing, and product-knowledge consistency checking View full abstract»

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  • Support vector machines

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 18 - 28
    Cited by:  Papers (164)  |  Patents (93)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (3220 KB)  

    My first exposure to Support Vector Machines came this spring when heard Sue Dumais present impressive results on text categorization using this analysis technique. This issue's collection of essays should help familiarize our readers with this interesting new racehorse in the Machine Learning stable. Bernhard Scholkopf, in an introductory overview, points out that a particular advantage of SVMs over other learning algorithms is that it can be analyzed theoretically using concepts from computational learning theory, and at the same time can achieve good performance when applied to real problems. Examples of these real-world applications are provided by Sue Dumais, who describes the aforementioned text-categorization problem, yielding the best results to date on the Reuters collection, and Edgar Osuna, who presents strong results on application to face detection. Our fourth author, John Platt, gives us a practical guide and a new technique for implementing the algorithm efficiently View full abstract»

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  • Sales configuration in business processes

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 78 - 85
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (5)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2196 KB)  

    Work is underway to enhance SAP's R/3 business software suite with a sales configuration engine. With the SCE, which is out in a beta version to select customers, users will be able to deal with configurable products on either a laptop or attached to R/3. The author gives an outlook on the general problem of adding a sales configurator to SAP's R/3 business software suite and outline specific work to provide enhanced high-level configuration capabilities in the SCE. The SCE represents the third generation of sales configuration at SAP. It is implemented in Java, and, in its present form, runs on a standalone machine, such as a laptop. It will be an integral part of SAP's Sales-Force-Automation tool and plans are to reembed it into R/3 View full abstract»

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  • MIT Media Lab's quest for perceptive computers

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 5 - 8
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    Since its formation in 1980, MIT's Media Laboratory has become one of the premier hubs of technology innovation, transforming computers from dumb, stationary boxes into perceptive, mobile devices of all sorts. Research includes merging computer networks with entertainment; interactive computer interfaces (such as face and gesture recognition); building environments for collaboration, news collection and customized dissemination; wearable computers that take computing off the desktop and put it in everyday things such as shoes, clothes, and doorknobs, and thinking toys that offer new ways to play and learn View full abstract»

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  • A configuration tool to increase product competitiveness

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 34 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (1)
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    The salesPLUS product configuration tool effectively solves complex configuration problems, reducing costs while meeting customer expectations in real-world applications. This commercial AI-based system effectively and intuitively models and configures products. It effectively produces and maintains consistent, accurate configurations that meet customer demands while significantly reducing costs View full abstract»

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  • SMIL makes Web applications multimodal

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 12 - 13
    Cited by:  Patents (4)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1144 KB)  

    Over the past few years, programmers have used proprietary authoring tools and file formats (such as Macromedia's Director) to develop multimedia applications for desktop computers. They have used CD-ROM disks and, more recently, DVD disks to distribute these applications that mix text, graphics, audio, and video content. Today, the World Wide Web competes with CD-ROMs and DVDs to distribute multimedia applications. Engineers and artists prefer the Web over disk-based applications, because it lets them collaborate in building intelligent systems that can extract or present distributed multimedia information. Until recently, however, Web technology limited the quality of multimedia presentations. HTML let application designers use only a very small set of graphical user interface widgets, such as radio buttons and drop-down lists, and did not let them mix and layer multimedia on the same page. Bandwidth considerations also limited the possible quality and size of audio and video information to what would transmit without degradation. XML and SMIL have been developed to solve these problems View full abstract»

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  • Configuring large systems using generative constraint satisfaction

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 59 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (19)  |  Patents (1)
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    The authors used generative constraint satisfaction as the basis for Lava, an automated configuration they developed for the complex domain of telephone switching systems. They built Lava using Cocos, their knowledge-based configuration tool View full abstract»

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  • Global communication through online translation

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 9 - 11
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    Online communication has put global knowledge at year fingertips, crossing time zones and boundaries at whirlwind speeds (depending on your local connection). However, unless you know the language of the people with whom you want to communicate, you could be out of luck. If you're reading this article, you almost certainly speak English, but what about French, Spanish, German, and Portuguese? You skipped those classes? If so, AltaVista's online translation service can translate for you View full abstract»

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  • Distributed control enables flexible intelligent system development

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 14 - 17
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
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    Intelligent systems that central physical tasks all need to turn intent into action. The end result is the generation of controlled motion, whether it's for an industrial process, the movement of a machine or vehicle, or movement of a mechanism for a specific function. In this context, RedZone Robotics has developed the Distributed Control System, a low-level distributed controller. Originally designed as an onboard controller for intelligent military vehicles, DCS has versatility that permits a wide range of intelligent system applications. Its design easily allows the layering of higher levels of intelligence on top of it View full abstract»

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  • Product configuration frameworks-a survey

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 42 - 49
    Cited by:  Papers (76)  |  Patents (6)
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    The manufacturing trend toward mass customization has awakened a great interest in automatic product configuration techniques. The authors review the literature on this topic, discussing the most representative knowledge-based approaches View full abstract»

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  • Self-reconfiguring robots

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 2 - 4
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
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    At the Dartmouth Robotics Laboratory, we have a vision of the future: a modular robot that can assume a snake shape to traverse a tunnel, reconfigure upon exiting as a six-legged robot to traverse rough terrain, and change shape and gait to climb stairs and enter a building. The key to such versatility is self-reconfiguration-a new way of thinking about robots that offers a rich class of questions about robot design, control, and use. To help realize our vision, we designed the Molecule, a small and simple robotic module, capable of self-reconfiguration in three dimensions View full abstract»

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  • Using resource balancing to configure modular systems

    Publication Year: 1998 , Page(s): 50 - 58
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
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    Resource balancing avoids the knowledge-base maintenance bottlenecks inherent in many rule-based configuration approaches. Domain knowledge is based directly on technical relationships. Control knowledge is needed only to fine-tune the configuration process View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Periodical ceased production in 2000. The current retitled publication is IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Full Aims & Scope