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Aerospace and Electronic Systems Magazine, IEEE

Issue 7 • Date July 1998

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Displaying Results 1 - 9 of 9
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  • Radar target recognition by Fuzzy Logic

    Page(s): 13 - 20
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB)  

    The objective of this paper is to present a method of target recognition based on the Fuzzy Logic principles applied to conventional and multifunction radars. After a presentation of the parameters which can be delivered by signal and data processing, the paper gives a description of an algorithm including both spatial and temporal merging. Computation of basic functions “Membership function” and “Density of possibility” are emphasised for typical radar applications. Finally, some simulation results are shown and discussed View full abstract»

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  • AMETHYST: automatic alarm assessment becoming a reality

    Page(s): 31 - 36
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (664 KB)  

    The aim of the AMETHYST (AutoMatic Event auTHentication SYSTems) project is to encourage the development of a high performance perimeter detection system which combines Video Motion Detection (VMD) technology with another type of Perimeter Intrusion Detection System (PIDS). AMETHYST will automatically assess the cause of PIDS alarms and pass to an operator those alarms likely to be caused by an intruder. It will filter out alarms not likely to have a human cause. A previous paper explaining and exploring the AMETHYST concept was presented at the 1995 Carnahan Conference. Since then PSDB has produced a single channel AMETHYST demonstrator and placed a contract for the development of an eight channel prototype AMETHYST system. This updated paper gives details of the hardware and software used with these two systems. Also described is PSDB's approach to the development of AMETHYST's automatic assessment algorithms. These will combine current expertise from Video Motion Detection (VMD) and Intelligent Scene Monitoring (ISM) systems with the unique AMETHYST approach. AMETHYST analyses picture sequences from before and after an alarm instead of continuously analysing live video. Sequences are provided by a Loop Framestore, either connected to or part of the AMETHYST system. The algorithms will be assessed and developed using PSDB's growing collection of over 150 alarm sequences View full abstract»

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  • Millimeter wave safety warning system for in-vehicle signing

    Page(s): 7 - 12
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1120 KB)  

    Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) has developed a millimeter wave safety warning system for in-vehicle signing for use in the nation's Intelligent Transportation System (ITS, formerly IVHS). The Safety Warning System TU (SWS) utilizes a homodyne radar that operates at 24.1 GHz as both a radar and a system to transmit highway safety messages. The warning message is received by a police radar detector or stand-alone safety warning receiver without radar detector capability. When the message is received, it is displayed to the driver via an alphanumeric light emitting diode (LED) display. The message can also be announced by a voice synthesizer internal to the receiver or by a flashing LED labeled “SWS.” The system is designed to inform the driver that he or she is being overtaken by a police car or emergency vehicle in motion. When the police car or emergency vehicle stops, the radar transmitter senses that the platform is no longer moving and the system automatically changes its message to warn approaching drivers of a stationary hazard ahead. A second safety warning transmitter deployment concept is to mount the unit near the highway at a fixed location. The fixed location SWS is designed to be programmable and transmit any one of 64 fixed text messages View full abstract»

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  • Pseudo-tomographic X-ray imaging for use in aviation security

    Page(s): 25 - 30
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    This paper presents recent results obtained from a 3-D image modelling technique utilising line-scan X-ray equipment. The resultant images have properties similar to those obtained from a volume rendered X-ray computed tomography (CT) system View full abstract»

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  • Applying independent verification and validation to the automatic test equipment life cycle

    Page(s): 37 - 42
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (464 KB)  

    Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) is becoming increasingly more sophisticated and complex, with an even greater dependency on software. With the onset of Versa Modular Eurocard (VME) Extensions for Instrumentation (VXI) technology into ATE, which is supposed to bring about the promise of interchangeable instrument components. ATE customers are forced to contend with system integration and software issues. One way the ATE customer can combat these problems is to have a separate Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) organization employ rigorous methodologies to evaluate the correctness and quality of the ATE product throughout its life cycle. IV&V is a systems engineering process where verification determines if the ATE meets its specifications, and validation determines if the ATE performs to the customer's expectations. IV&V has the highest potential payoff of assuring a safe and reliable system if it is initiated at the beginning of the acquisition life cycle and continued throughout the acceptance of the system. It is illustrated that IV&V effects are more pronounced when IV&V activities begin early in the software development life cycle, but later application of IV&V is still deemed to have a significant impact. IV&V is an effective technique to reducing costs, schedule, and performance risks on the development of complex ATE, and a “tool” to efficiently and effectively manage ATE development risks. The IV&V organization has the ability to perform a focused and systematic technical evaluation of hardware and software processes and products. When performed in parallel with the ATE development life cycle, IV&V provides for early detection View full abstract»

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  • What we have not learned from the troubles with the Hubble

    Page(s): 3 - 6
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)  

    The Hubble space-based telescope is a great tribute to our progress in space. The ability to place an optical telescope at a significant distance from the Earth's surface, away from the interference of the planet's unsteady atmosphere, have already paid off by producing magnificent records of astronomical activities in the depths of outer space. In the past the problems with the alignment of the Hubble's optics were blamed on the manufacturers of it's optical components. The hastily set investigation concluded that the problem is a spherical aberration of the primary mirror (the primary mirror is said to be 2 microns too flat at the edges). It is suggested that the real culprit is the Parker Effect. Since the time of Galileo Galilei, all telescopes were built, aligned, and used on the Earth's surface. Hubble is the first telescope to be built and aligned on Earth for use in space. Because of this we have to consider the fundamental differences between the alignment of surface-based and space-based telescopes. For those who missed our article “The Parker Effect and Navigation in Space” published in the January issue. The Parker Effect describes the result of interaction between inertial bodies (anything that has mass) and non-inertial media (light or other E/M fields) View full abstract»

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  • Rehosting legacy test program sets from military ATE

    Page(s): 43 - 48
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB)  

    This paper describes some of the key issues developers must address in a test program set (TPS) rehosting plan. Examples and success stories are used to describe the translation of three legacy test program sets onto modern board test equipment, thereby extending the useful life of fielded systems and preserving the considerable investment made in developing the TPSs View full abstract»

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  • Method for searching bridge in IR images

    Page(s): 21 - 24
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (316 KB)  

    A method for searching bridges in IR images is presented in this paper. It is a time-consuming image understanding task to recognize targets in low SCR images. As in IR images, the bridges usually have almost the same gray level range of the background, the typical segmentation algorithm cannot get correct segmentation labels and edge sites of the bridges. The gray level characters of both the lands, which connect the bridge, and the river are fully considered resulting in a method that can be realized effortlessly and quickly. The criteria are also presented to decide whether there exist bridges or not in the given images, so the method endows the system with the ability to seize the target automatically. Some experimental results are presented demonstrating that the method can effectively recognize bridges in IR images View full abstract»

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