Computer

Issue 3 • March 1998

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Displaying Results 1 - 11 of 11
  • IEEE 754: An Interview with William Kahan

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):114 - 115
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (210 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • Enterprise knowledge management

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):54 - 61
    Cited by:  Papers (100)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (716 KB)

    Many enterprises downsize to adapt to more competitive environments, but unless they have captured the knowledge of their employees, downsizing can result in a loss of critical information. Similarly, as employees leave, organizations are likely to lose access to large quantities of critical knowledge. As companies expand internationally, geographic barriers can affect knowledge exchange and preve... View full abstract»

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  • Dicaf: a distributed architecture for intelligent transportation

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):78 - 84
    Cited by:  Papers (11)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (172 KB)

    The solution to increasing traffic congestion is not to simply build new roads. Instead, researchers hope to use technology to make more efficient use of the highway network that already exists. Key efforts to date have fallen into two categories. One set of studies has looked at the use of a centralized traffic management center that collects traffic congestion information at a single point and r... View full abstract»

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  • The emergence of distributed component platforms

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):43 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (22)  |  Patents (16)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (140 KB)

    Several vendors and consortia have independently developed standards that define the basic mechanics for building and interconnecting software components. Sun's JavaBeans has emerged as the leading rival to Microsoft's DCOM, supplanting the OpenDoc standard from the now defunct Component Integration Laboratories. Component software is moving from its original focus on desktop-bound compound docume... View full abstract»

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  • Managing conflict in system diagnosis

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):69 - 76
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (124 KB)

    As systems grow in complexity, the need for reliable testing and diagnosis grows accordingly. The design of complex systems has been facilitated by CAD/CAE tools. Unfortunately, test engineering tools have not kept pace with design tools, and test engineers are having difficulty developing reliable procedures to satisfy the test requirements of modern systems. When testing a complex system, what i... View full abstract»

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  • Improving C++ performance using temporaries

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):31 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (476 KB)

    Object oriented programs are simpler to implement and maintain than those using traditional programming methods. At the same time, object oriented programs create and destroy objects, incurring overhead costs. They also cause unmanned temporary objects of the same type to be created in the scope of the calling routine. Both of these factors affect the performance of object oriented programs compar... View full abstract»

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  • Surviving network partitioning

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):62 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (9)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (784 KB)

    Applications implemented as distributed systems must withstand network partitioning faults, which split the system into two or more components. Though processes in the same component can communicate with each other, they cannot communicate with processes in other components. If processes continue to operate in the disconnected components, they might perform incompatible operations and make the app... View full abstract»

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  • Scripting: higher level programming for the 21st Century

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):23 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (176)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (120 KB)

    A fundamental change is occurring in the way people write computer programs, away from system programming languages such as C or C++ to scripting languages such as Perl or Tcl. Although many people are participating in the change, few realize that the change is occurring and even fewer know why it is happening. This article explains why scripting languages will handle many of the programming tasks... View full abstract»

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  • None of us is as smart as all of us [creative collaborations]

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):116 - 117
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    The authors discusses the success of creative collaborations. They consider the importance of strong leadership. The groups studied were as disparate as the Walt Disney studio, which invented the animated feature, and the Manhattan Project, which gave the world the first atomic bomb. They included both Lockheed Skunk Works, which pioneered the stealth technology deployed so dramatically in the Per... View full abstract»

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  • Design patterns and language design

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):118 - 120
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (284 KB)

    Despite many similarities, there are important differences between design patterns and programming language mechanisms. Nevertheless, we can classify patterns in terms of how far they are from becoming actual language features. Treating patterns as mechanisms that are candidates for being language features, rather than treating them as what they are meant to be, can help demystify them. The author... View full abstract»

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  • Web-based knowledge management

    Publication Year: 1998, Page(s):122 - 123
    Cited by:  Papers (4)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB)

    Despite the tremendous penetration of the Web into a variety of markets, it has become increasingly clear that current Web structures are simply not well designed for customized information access. By creating CGI scripts, plug-ins, and gateways, and bolting all of it onto the Web in an ad hoc fashion, we have moved away from what could have been a carefully planned model for customized informatio... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed articles written for and by computer researchers and practitioners representing the full spectrum of computing and information technology, from hardware to software and from emerging research to new applications. 

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Sumi Helal
Lancaster University
sumi.helal@computer.org