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Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE

Issue 1 • Date Jan.-March 1998

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Displaying Results 1 - 12 of 12
  • A history of the IBM Systems Journal

    Page(s): 29 - 35
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    The IBM Systems Journal was founded in 1962 to inform IBM employees about new developments in computer systems. It evolved into a bridge between the science of computing and the practical use of computers. Besides IBM employees, readers now include IBM customers and others whose work involves computers, as well as students and faculty at colleges and universities. Authors, once exclusively from IBM, now come from wherever work is advancing computers and their uses. This history describes how the IBM Systems Journal grew from a concept to its present form. View full abstract»

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  • Building IBM: Shaping An Industry And Its Technologies [Reviews]

    Page(s): 81 - 82
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The timetable of computers: a chronology of the most important people and events in the history of computers [Review]

    Page(s): 82 - 83
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The Superman, The Story Of Seymour Cray And The Technical Wizards Behind The Supercomputer [Review]

    Page(s): 83 - 84
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    Freely Available from IEEE
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  • Obituary [Mina S. Rees]

    Page(s): 65 - 66
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • The Calcumeter

    Page(s): 67 - 69
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    The Calcumeter adder appeared shortly after 1900, prospered for a while, and then apparently stopped production by 1920. Before its demise, as many as 100000 adders may have been made. The Calcumeter is an interesting, well made, small adding machine that is sought by collectors. The two names that are associated with it are James J. Walsh and Herbert North Morse: Walsh was the inventor and Morse apparently managed the business View full abstract»

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  • The Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Technology and the El'brus family of high-speed computers

    Page(s): 4 - 14
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    The Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Technology was the dominant developer of high speed systems in the Soviet Union from 1950 through to the end of the cold war. One of its principal lines of development was the El'brus family of multiprocessors. The El'brus-1 and El'brus-2 show the strong influence of design ideas implemented in the Burroughs 700 family but exhibit a variety of innovative architectural features, particularly in the creation of a stack based CPU capable of instruction level parallelism and dynamic instruction scheduling. Both systems suffered from long and problematic development cycles View full abstract»

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  • Blaise Pascal's adding machine: new findings and conclusions

    Page(s): 69 - 76
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    Ever since its invention and initial description in 1652, Blaise Pascal's adding machine has been the subject of numerous studies and publications (D. Diderot and J.L. d'Alembert, 1751). However, when compiling and systematically analyzing the literature, a rather diffuse image emerges. For one thing, the method of subtraction is not accurately described. The article attempts to find out how one could have used Pascal's Adding Machine (PAM), had it ever functioned properly. In addition, this is an attempt to provide a comprehensive functional description of the machine View full abstract»

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  • IBM Research Laboratory Zurich: the early years

    Page(s): 15 - 28
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    IBM hired the author in 1955 as the director of its newly established Zurich research laboratory in Switzerland, which at that time had no staff, no offices, and no laboratories. The author hired staff, leased offices, and later directed the construction of IBM's permanent research building in Switzerland. He left IBM in 1966, having personally recruited or approved of recruiting about 100 employees. He describes his experiences over the years while working for IBM View full abstract»

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  • A view from the 1960s: how the software industry began

    Page(s): 36 - 42
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    The conventional wisdom in the computer industry in the 1960s was that one could not make any money selling software-it was either given away free by the computer manufacturers or written specifically and uniquely for each computer installation. But several years before the concept of charging for software products was given legitimacy by IBM's unbundling in June 1969, there were a number of entrepreneurs who were convinced that there was a market for software that could be sold off-the-shelf over and over again to hundreds of customers. The companies founded by these software pioneers grew to become enterprises worth hundreds of millions of dollars and were the prototypes for the thousands of software companies that came after them. The article tells the story of two of those early companies, Applied Data Research and Informatics, and the contributions they made to the creation of today's multibillion dollar software industry View full abstract»

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  • Mark IV: evolution of the software product, a memoir

    Page(s): 43 - 50
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    The article describes the story of the evolution of an early commercial software product, Mark IV, from preconception through its early trials and tribulations to its realization. The goal was not always clear, the path was not always direct, but we got there. In 1965, the Mark IV file management system was conceived as a non application oriented software product, the first true such software in the field. It was designed to run on all IBM 360s but was never truly successful on the smallest ones. The suggested price was agreed at $30000 View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

From the analytical engine to the supercomputer, from Pascal to von Neumann, from punched cards to CD-ROMs -- theIEEE Annals of the History of Computing covers the breadth of computer history.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Lars Heide
Copenhagen Business School
Centre for Business History