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Issue 4 • Date Jul/Aug 1997

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Displaying Results 1 - 14 of 14
  • Three ways to get A-life

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):25 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1576 KB)

    If Victor Frankenstein were a modern scientist, he'd get rid of those smelly chemicals, rotting body parts and dangerous electrodes. He'd create life on his computer workstation, and, if he were smart, he wouldn't unleash his creation on unsuspecting villagers. No, he'd sell it as a computer game. But he'd have to wait in line. Programmers have already incorporated artificial life (A-life) into se... View full abstract»

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  • Cultural evolution in neural networks

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):9 - 14
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (124 KB)

    Examines the interaction between biological inheritance and cultural learning. The author describes a model in which organisms learn from teachers (or “conspecifics”). Learning in this scenario differs from that of standard machine learning in that a pool of teachers is assumed, and the best teachers are selected to train the students of the next generation. Additionally, the teachers'... View full abstract»

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  • Applying knowledge discovery to predict water-supply consumption

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):72 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (136 KB)

    Optimizing the control of operations in a municipal water distribution system can reduce electricity costs and realize other economic benefits. However, optimal control requires the ability to precisely predict short-term water demand so that minimum-cost pumping schedules can be prepared. One of the objectives of our project to develop an intelligent system for monitoring and controlling municipa... View full abstract»

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  • The FindMe approach to assisted browsing

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):32 - 40
    Cited by:  Papers (34)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1780 KB)

    While the explosion of online information has introduced new opportunities for finding and using electronic data, it has also underscored the problem of isolating useful information and making sense of large, multidimensional information spaces. In response to this problem, we have developed an approach to building data tour guides, called FindMe systems. These programs know enough about an inform... View full abstract»

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  • The EDRC and design: a deeper understanding

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):83 - 84
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (88 KB)

    Since its inception in 1986, Carnegie Mellon University's Engineering Design Research Center (EDRC), sponsored by the National Science Foundation, has worked to achieve a broader and deeper understanding of design. By broader, we mean expanding from an artifact's detailed physical design to its full life cycle (from conception to disposal); by deeper, we mean providing a science base for comprehen... View full abstract»

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  • Smart games: beyond the Deep Blue horizon

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):15 - 18
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (128 KB)

    Since the Deep Blue chess computer defeated Garry Kasparov in May 1997, public interest in artificial intelligence has piqued once again. Many in the AI field see Deep Blue's victory as a major milestone in AI history. Indeed, the victory achieves one of the long-standing AI Grand Challenges-a computer beating the reigning world champion of chess View full abstract»

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  • Developing an automated distributed meeting scheduler

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):41 - 45
    Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (136 KB)

    Automated scheduling agents allow users to concentrate on productive tasks and to improve the quality of information processing. The author uses a distributed approach with intelligent agents to design and develop efficient meeting scheduling. The purpose of the project is to design and implement a software system that uses intelligent meeting-scheduling agents that can negotiate with other agents... View full abstract»

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  • Later: managing temporal information efficiently

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):56 - 64
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (236 KB)

    The Later (LAyered TEmporal Reasoner) system is a general-purpose manager of temporal information which provides a high-level interface language. Later works as a specialized temporal module loosely coupled with other modules to deal with time in different tasks. The Later knowledge server operates as a cooperative agent for use by various problem solvers (or applications) that need to deal with t... View full abstract»

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  • An integrated knowledge based model for power system planning

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):65 - 71
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (23)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (144 KB)

    The authors' knowledge-based model integrates the principal planning and design activities in electric power systems. Their goal is a system that employs a broad base of expert system modules to solve the most common planning and design problems. Although this tool will not replace experienced human experts, it has the potential to automatically generate a wide set of design alternatives for a giv... View full abstract»

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  • Integrating case-based reasoning and decision theory

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):46 - 55
    Cited by:  Papers (9)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (188 KB)

    Case-based reasoning (CBR) and decision-theoretic techniques can be complementary. Decision theory helps CBR deal with uncertainties in the problem domain, while CBR helps decision theory handle complicated problems with many variables. The goal of integrating CBR and decision theory is to improve the ability of CBR systems to solve problems in domains of incomplete information. Our methodology vi... View full abstract»

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  • The fitness of false beliefs

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):11 - 14
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (104 KB)

    Presents a model in which agents can perform one of four actions, and each action places the agent in a new state. Some states have higher fitness values than others, and the more fit the agent's behaviors are on average, the more likely the agent is to be chosen to reproduce in the next generation. The agent model consists of two parts, both represented by feedforward neural networks. The first p... View full abstract»

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  • How cognition shapes cognitive evolution

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):7 - 9
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (80 KB)

    Reflects on the evolution of scientists' understanding of evolution as a function of the kinds of modeling tools they create. Over the years, models of the evolution of cognition have progressed from those in which the environment is assumed to be static to models in which the environment changes, but only in terms of physical characteristics, to models in which the environment changes according t... View full abstract»

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  • Do agents need understanding?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):4 - 6
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (136 KB)

    There are several important ideas and questions that arise within AI work on agents. I address one of these questions by asking how much “human-like” understanding is necessary for a useful agent. One of the lessons of the new wave of AI research in the late 1980s and early 1990s was a greater appreciation for the artifacts introduced by a-priori assumptions about the description of pr... View full abstract»

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  • Creatures: an exercise in creation

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):19 - 24
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)

    Why do we create neural networks that have no chemistry? Why simulate genetics without a digestive system? There is no such thing as half an organism, yet most attempts to generate intelligent or life-like agents are based essentially on a single mechanism. Granted, a few people are working on evolvable neural networks, but the genetics is seen as a means to an end, rather than a part of an integr... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Periodical ceased production in 1997. The current retitled publication is IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Full Aims & Scope