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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 3 • July-Sept. 1997

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Displaying Results 1 - 6 of 6
  • Review

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): 78
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Early interactions between the life insurance and computer industries: the Prudential's Edmund C. Berkeley

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):60 - 73
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1612 KB)

    Studies how a representative of one commercial user industry, life insurance, interacted with key players in the newly forming computer industry after World War II but before any computers were sold for commercial purposes. In particular, this paper shows how the Prudential's early computer expert and proselytizer, Edmund Callis Berkeley, viewed computer technology and its potential uses in life i... View full abstract»

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  • The Intel 4004 microprocessor: what constituted invention?

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):4 - 15
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1112 KB)

    Investigates the context for the development of one of the earliest microprocessors, the Intel 4004. It considers the contributions made by Intel employees, most notably Marcian E. “Ted” Hoff, Jr. and Federico Faggin, and the contributions other people made to this development who are not generally known, most notably Tadashi Sasaki and Masatoshi Shima. This paper represents a case stu... View full abstract»

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  • Mathematics, technology, and trust: formal verification, computer security, and the U.S. military

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):41 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1956 KB)

    A distinctive concern in the US military for computer security dates from the emergence of time-sharing systems in the 1960s. This paper traces the subsequent development of the idea of a “security kernel” and of the mathematical modeling of security, focusing in particular on the paradigmatic Bell-LaPadula model. The paper examines the connections between computer security and formal,... View full abstract»

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  • Douglas Carl Engelbart: developing the underlying concepts for contemporary computing

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):16 - 26
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (612 KB)

    Currently, the World Wide Web is the hottest topic in contemporary computing and popular culture. The Web's meteoric rise is difficult to escape notice. Web stories are plastered in the popular press, and advertisements now include cryptic strings of letters starting with “http://”, but what is missing from the current commercial descriptions of the Web is a discussion about the 30-yea... View full abstract»

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  • Economic preconditions that made possible application of commercial computing in the United States

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):27 - 40
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (180 KB)

    This article argues that it would have become very difficult for computers to have come into being, and subsequently be adopted by businesses, if the United States economy were not large and healthy. The author demonstrates that there were characteristics of the economy that facilitated the development and use of computers in the United States, beginning in the 1950s and continuing down to the pre... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu