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Issue 2 • Date March-April 1997

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Displaying Results 1 - 14 of 14
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  • Thinking About Design

    Page(s): 11 - 13
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  • The Ignition Point Of The Future

    Page(s): 75 - 78
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  • Why go online?

    Page(s): 79 - 80
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  • Issues in multiagent design systems

    Page(s): 18 - 26
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    Knowledge based design integrates a broad range of highly specialized knowledge from expert sources to synthesize or refine a design. Knowledge-based design systems automate at least some of these knowledge sources. However, the constant evolution of standards, technologies, and a dynamic marketplace demands a high degree of adaptability in both design expertise and in the process of applying that expertise. The need for diverse, highly sophisticated, and rapidly changing skills and knowledge makes the multiagent paradigm particularly appropriate for knowledge-based design. As researchers apply multiagent technologies to design domains, challenges include supporting interoperability among heterogeneous agents on diverse platforms, coordinating the design process, and managing conflict. This article surveys the state of the art in multiagent systems, through examples of projects and techniques, and then presents several questions that elicit the requirements and goals of a proposed multiagent design application View full abstract»

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  • Designing a kernel for data mining

    Page(s): 65 - 74
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    The Mining Kernel System provides a foundation for building data-mining tools that are capable of tackling complex knowledge discovery problems. Examples from applications involving intelligent computerized support for a urology clinic and improved customer database utilization in financial settings illustrate its effectiveness View full abstract»

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  • Configuration-design problem solving

    Page(s): 49 - 56
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    Configuration design spans many problem types that require varying types of knowledge and problem-solving methods. This article investigates the different types of knowledge that are active in configuration design and identifies some of the applicable problem-solving methods. The result is not a full theory of configuration design, but we make some steps in that direction. To clarify configuration design problem solving, the authors provide a useful classification of the field and discuss configuration task variants and some of the major knowledge categories involved View full abstract»

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  • Opening the door to robotic agents

    Page(s): 7 - 9
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    What do agent researchers dream of? The answer is simple-building a general-purpose, robotic agent that works and communicates with human beings in natural settings. Although this goal remains elusive, researchers have made real progress in two important areas: defining clear avenues for advance as they reframe the issues involved in building agents; and the advent of mobile robots with manipulators and computer-vision systems has made possible a meaningful evaluation and comparison of competing agent architectures. Together, these factors are opening the door to rapid advances in the construction of intelligent machines. The paper discusses a new framework in robotic agent research involving planning systems and reactive systems View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge-based assistance for contract compliance [power stations]

    Page(s): 58 - 64
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    To maintain a balanced perspective on a power station's output, managers and operations engineers must be able to determine the contractual consequences of their decisions and events. To assist these users, we've designed a modular decision-support knowledge-based system that lets them generate what-if scenarios of events that could affect contractual compliance. They can also access a hypermedia version of the contract and pertinent background information View full abstract»

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  • From software to service: the transformation of shrink-wrapped software on the Internet

    Page(s): 4 - 6
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    The paper considers how software is undergoing a fundamental change. A new more efficient kind of Internet-ready software is pre-empting traditional shrink-wrapped software. Consequently the software industry is quickly shifting from a product industry to a service industry. This transformation will make all aspects of software more efficient and is therefore inevitable. We have already seen hints of this future in both the corporate and research worlds. However, software designers will have to be fast and flexible to successfully compete in this new market. This new breed of software will bring new payment models as well. No longer will customers own software. Instead, they will rent software, based on their use View full abstract»

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  • Functional reasoning in design

    Page(s): 42 - 48
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    A product design process begins with functional or conceptual design, followed by basic design and detailed design. Among these, functional design plays the central role in ensuring design quality and product innovativeness. Because function is the most crucial concept in designing better and more innovative products, functional reasoning technology is indispensable to the development of future advanced CAD technology. This survey shows how functional reasoning has successfully established the representation of function on computers and outlines directions for further research View full abstract»

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  • Case-based reasoning in design

    Page(s): 34 - 41
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    This survey presents a number of issues raised by the application of case-based reasoning for design. The authors comment on the two extremes of case-based design: design assistance and design automation, and how they share a number of difficult issues related to their implementation View full abstract»

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  • Grammatical design

    Page(s): 27 - 33
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    Design can be regarded as the process of transforming an initial set of requirements (and possibly an initial design) into an explicit, complete specification of an object that satisfies those requirements. The designer's task involves repeated cycles of considering an existing partial design, comparing it with the design goal, deciding on a transformation to get closer to the goal, and then applying that transformation to the partial design. A transformation may take one of various forms, including adding detail to a design, modifying an existing structure, or adding new components. Grammatical design is a paradigm based directly on this view, concentrating on the representational structures and underlying transformation mechanisms. A grammar, or a formal generative system, has three parts: a vocabulary of elements; a set of transformation rules that transform structured arrangements of the elements into new structures; and an initial structure. The paper considers how a grammar, or a formal generative system, can provide design support View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Periodical ceased production in 1997. The current retitled publication is IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Full Aims & Scope