IEEE Spectrum

Issue 1 • Jan. 1997

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 30
  • IEEE Spectrum - Front cover

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): c1
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  • Newslog

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): 1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):2 - 4
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):6 - 8
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (412 KB)

    Readers are invited to comment in this department on material previously published in IEEE Spectrum; on the policies and operations of the IEEE; and on technical, economic, or social matters of interest to the electrical and electronics engineering profession. Short, concise letters are preferred. The Editor reserves the right to limit debate on controversial issues. View full abstract»

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  • Forecasting the Next Century's Weather [Books]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):10 - 14
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):15 - 104E10
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  • Washington watch

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):20T4 - 20T6
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  • Recent books

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):20T8 - 20T14
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  • Thirty years ago...

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): 20T12
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (877 KB)

    Writing in the December 1966 issue, H.A. Liebhafsky of General Electric Co. introduced IEEE Spectrum's readers to fuel cells, devices that generate energy by reacting chemicals—hydrogen and oxygen, for example—leaving, in this case, water as a byproduct. Although first conceived in 1830 by the British scientist and inventor Sir William R. Grove, the idea of fuel cells was still rathe... View full abstract»

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  • Reflections

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s): 21
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  • http:// It has changed everything, especially our engineering thinking

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):23 - 26
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (441 KB)

    Presents a technology forecast for 1997 that details major developments in the areas of computing software, hardware, communications, consumer electronics, power and energy, solid-state circuits, and circuits and systems. View full abstract»

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  • Communications [Technology analysis and forecast]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):27 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1258 KB)

    Several spectacular changes in the communications scene over the past few years will have a still stronger impact in 1997. Most obviously, the World Wide Web has been expanding. Showing a nice mixture of optimism and concern, the telecommunications establishment is mulling how best to exploit the Web commercially while deploying such packet-switched networks as the integrated services digital netw... View full abstract»

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  • Power and energy

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):38 - 42
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    Major power outages in various parts of the world have cast doubt on the electric power industry's claimed readiness for deregulation. Here, the author argues that, in the next few years, as service areas expand and bulk transfers of power grow ever greater, the electric utility industry's main technological challenge will be to maintain the reliability that customers now take almost for granted. View full abstract»

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  • Consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):43 - 48
    Cited by:  Patents (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (699 KB)

    This paper presents an analysis and forecast of consumer electronics developments in 1997. Products covered include television sets which can surf the Internet, advanced TV technologies, digital video disks and digital video cameras. View full abstract»

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  • Computers

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):49 - 54
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    Since 1994, computers have been outperforming automobiles-at least, in terms of units sold annually in the United States. Around the world, machines in use in 1996 totaled nearly 300 million units. In the United States, the number exceeded 100 million, over 95 percent of which were PCs, and more than one in three homes housed one or more computers. All in all, the computer and information industry... View full abstract»

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  • Solid state [Development forecast]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):55 - 59
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3972 KB)

    No end is in sight for the transistor's downsizing and hence for the growth in IC functionality-much of which is now being applied to features that enhance home and entertainment electronics. Architectural changes in microprocessors, for instance, admit multimedia, communications, and portable applications. The mounting technical challenges and expense of doubling the circuit density and performan... View full abstract»

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  • Software tools [technology analysis and forecast]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):60 - 64
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (17665 KB)

    Many engineering software applications migrated last year from Unix to the Windows NT operating system. An unaccustomed camaraderie-interoperability-spread among applications from different vendors and between different stages of the design process. Meanwhile, the mainstream of electronic design got a new supreme court: formal verification. In the course of 1997, the migration from Unix to Windows... View full abstract»

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  • Software engineering [technology analysis and forecast]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):65 - 69
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    A year ago, the map of software engineering seemed etched in stone. At its imperial center was Microsoft Corp., surrounded by the minor feudal states that had to pay it homage and live under its sway. But by year's end, the Internet had destabilized the empire and it was unclear whether the center would hold. Thus, 1997 will likely be supercharged-with change-mostly for the good of software engine... View full abstract»

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  • Basic science [1996 technology review]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):70 - 73
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    New classes of materials auguring remarkable applications went under the microscope, so to speak, in 1996: notably, novel forms of carbon (buckyballs and nanotubes) and substances that switch from insulator to conductor in a strong magnetic field. Sonoluminescence, hitherto a lab curiosity, may manifest nuclear fusion. The term describes the ability of air bubbles in water to give off light when e... View full abstract»

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  • Test and measurement [Technology analysis and forecast]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):74 - 78
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2576 KB)

    In ever greater numbers, new entries in the test and measurement field are heeding that litany of characteristics so prayed for by all electronikers: smaller, faster, cheaper-and easier to use. Bulky benchtop instruments are giving way to portable counterparts. The latest generation of microprocessors is boosting test equipment speed, while (relatively) inexpensive instruments are becoming the nor... View full abstract»

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  • Industrial electronics [technology analysis and forecast]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):79 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1335 KB)

    A rapprochement among different vendors of industrial control equipment may be at hand if several systems presented as "open architecture" ones are any indication. Meanwhile, the advent of single-chip microcontrollers for motor drives, more powerful insulated-gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs), and improved integration of sensors with power devices are salient advances on the factory floor. The new ... View full abstract»

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  • Transportation

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):84 - 88
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5116 KB)

    This paper presents an analysis and forecast of technological developments likely in 1997 in the field of transportation. Subjects covered include airport security measures; high-speed electric railways; private rail networks; urban intelligent transport systems; and Zn-air electric vehicle batteries. View full abstract»

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  • Aerospace and military [Technology development]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):89 - 93
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    This paper presents an overview of technology development highlights for 1997. This summer will see the Earth invading Mars as the United States renews its efforts to explore the Red Planet. Another beachhead in space will take shape in late 1997 as the assembly of the International Space Station starts after more than 10 years of planning. In the defense arena, technology of President Ronald Reag... View full abstract»

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  • The environment [Electronics industry aspects]

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):94 - 98
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (882 KB)

    In many areas, the electronics industry has done well by its environmental responsibilities. But these and the related challenges of human health and worker safety are not static targets. New tools are constantly being created, market pressures felt, and scientific data produced. This paper argues that responding appropriately calls for continuous adaptation and change. View full abstract»

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  • Medical electronics

    Publication Year: 1997, Page(s):99 - 102
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3600 KB)

    Three devices released last year or planned for this one superbly illustrate the breadth of the medical profession's interests and its intimacy with electronics. At one extreme of medical care is major surgery, with brain surgery surely the most frightening. One day patients undergoing this radical procedure may take some comfort in the knowledge that their surgeon's instruments have the warp of m... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Susan Hassler
IEEE Spectrum Magazine