Computer

Issue 10 • Oct. 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 16 of 16
  • Essays on Fifty Years of Computing [Guest Editor's Introduction]

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Software patterns: Design utilities

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1289 KB)

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  • Theoretical contributions of AI

    Publication Year: 1996
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  • A fast-track standards process

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):115 - 116
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    The IEEE Portable Application Standards Committee (PASC), in cooperation with the IEEE Standards Department, will be trying a new fast-track process that would let us adopt a new standard in as little as six months. Normally, it takes IEEE standards committees from two to 10 years to adopt a standard. If the fast-track process trial is successful, other IEEE standards committees could adopt the pr... View full abstract»

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  • Don't judge a software license by its cover

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):114 - 115
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)

    Software licenses are of vital concern to vendors and users. Software vendors use contracts, called licenses, to make sure that their products are used in a way that will benefit them. Users want to know the conditions that licenses impose on software so they can buy software that meets their needs. Beyond this, however, licenses and their enforceability are not always a straightforward matter. Ar... View full abstract»

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  • Perspectives on supercomputing: three decades of change

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):99 - 111
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3532 KB)

    I am fortunate to have had access to supercomputers for the last 28 years. Over this time I have used them to simulate time-dependent fluid flows in the compressible regime. Strong shocks and unstable multifluid boundaries, along with the phenomenon of fluid turbulence, have provided the simulation complexity that demands supercomputer power. The supercomputers I have used-the CDC 6600, 7600, and ... View full abstract»

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  • The challenge of artificial intelligence

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):86 - 98
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4420 KB)

    Artificial intelligence (AI) is a relatively young discipline, yet it has already led to general-purpose problem-solving methods and novel applications. Ultimately, AI's goals of creating models and mechanisms of intelligent action can be realized only in the broader context of computer science. Creating mechanisms for sharing of knowledge, knowhow, and literacy is the challenge. The great Chinese... View full abstract»

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  • History and impact of computer standards

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):79 - 85
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1200 KB)

    A computer trade publication recently devoted a column in one of its issues to complaints about the uselessness of standards developing organizations and, by extension, of standards. Despite those complaints, the author of the column probably saved a great deal of time and effort by composing it on a computer system made possible only through standards. Without such standards, the author probably ... View full abstract»

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  • WWW: past, present, and future

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):69 - 77
    Cited by:  Papers (49)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1696 KB)

    The World Wide Web is simply defined as the universe of global network-accessible information. It is an abstract space within which people can interact, and it is chiefly populated by interlinked pages of text, images, and animations, with occasional sounds, videos, and three-dimensional worlds. The Web marks the end of an era of frustrating and debilitating incompatibility between computer system... View full abstract»

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  • Toward the information network

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):59 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (9)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2448 KB)

    The information service industry will drive economic wealth in the twenty-first century. The transport part of that industry-information networks-are emerging as the critical infrastructure for commerce, similar to the role of ships and railroads in the 1800s and automobiles and airlines in the 1900s. Information networks will transport the primary commercial commodity of the next century-digitize... View full abstract»

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  • Schema evolution: Concepts, terminology, and solutions

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):119 - 121
    Cited by:  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (596 KB)

    Most applications must keep objects from one session to the next. This is known as persistence. But objects are not raw data: They are instances of classes. What happens if an object's class (its generator) changes from one session to the next? This problem is known as schema evolution (the term schema is borrowed from relational databases). This column defines a framework for addressing schema ev... View full abstract»

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  • Evolution of data management

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):38 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (7)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1704 KB)

    Computers can now store all forms of information: records, documents, images, sound recordings, videos, scientific data, and many new data formats. Society has made great strides in capturing, storing, managing, analyzing, and visualizing this data. These tasks are generically called data management. This article sketches the evolution of data management systems. There have been six distinct phase... View full abstract»

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  • Software engineering programs for the next century

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):117 - 118
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB)

    The field of software engineering and its subdisciplines have grown tremendously in the past six years. IEEE Computer Society conferences and working committees have helped this process by greatly increasing information dissemination and the opportunity to publish quality work in many topic areas. These activities are coordinated by the Technical Council on Software Engineering, an international v... View full abstract»

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  • At a crossroads: Connectivity model determines distribution of power

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):122 - 124
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB)

    More expectation and hyperbole surround the Internet than perhaps any other innovation in recent history. We hear a lot about the “information superhighway” and how we want to get everyone connected, but we rarely hear any serious discussion about the appropriate model for that connectivity. Whether or not the Internet lives up to our expectations may well depend on the model of connec... View full abstract»

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  • Advances in software engineering

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):47 - 58
    Cited by:  Papers (14)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4112 KB)

    Software is the key technology in applications as diverse as accounting, hospital management, aviation, and nuclear power. Application advances in different domains such as these-each with different requirements-have propelled software development from small batch programs to large, real-time programs with multimedia capabilities. To cope, software's enabling technologies have undergone tremendous... View full abstract»

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  • Microprocessor-based computers

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):27 - 37
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2292 KB)

    The development of the computer and the evolution of the integrated circuit have been intertwined since the first commercial IC appeared in 1961. The author explores microprocessor history and ponders future developments View full abstract»

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Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed articles written for and by computer researchers and practitioners representing the full spectrum of computing and information technology, from hardware to software and from emerging research to new applications. 

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Sumi Helal
Lancaster University
sumi.helal@computer.org