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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 9 • Sept. 1996

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  • Handbook of Software for Engineers and Scientists [Book review]

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (1010 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics [Book review]

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (935 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • It's only growing pains ... The second annual roundtable on the state of the internet

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (1884 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Architects of the net of nets

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1779 KB)

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  • Identifying defects in deep-submicron CMOS ICs

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):66 - 71
    Cited by:  Papers (32)  |  Patents (35)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3180 KB)

    With safety margins for reliability, test, failure analysis, and design verification shrinking, it would be a shame to give up the I/sub DDQ/ technique-and luckily, we may not have to. Steps can be taken to maintain its applicability as we rush deeper into the submicron regime. We will first examine why the I/sub DDQ/ test serves several interests, then describe the challenge posed by 0.35-0.07 &#... View full abstract»

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  • Tools for schools [mathematical software packages]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):41 - 45
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1340 KB)

    The latest math packages for engineering education offer: programming through icons; collaboration over the Internet; electronic textbooks; and free courseware on the Web. Mathematical software tools can be divided into two groups: programs that chiefly perform symbolic manipulations (also called computer algebra programs for their ability to find exact solutions to analytical expressions) and pro... View full abstract»

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  • Local-area networks go wireless

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):34 - 40
    Cited by:  Papers (16)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2352 KB)

    As standards emerge, data rates rise, and laptops seek connectivity, wireless LANs are finding a market niche as extensions to wired networks. Wireless LANs have found homes in buildings where installing wires would expose asbestos or destroy historic architecture. They have also proved valuable to companies that often relocate and want networks they can take with them. Another common use is for c... View full abstract»

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  • Electromigration: the time bomb in deep-submicron ICs

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):75 - 78
    Cited by:  Papers (17)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1384 KB)

    Electromigration results from the movement of metal ions as current flows through power wires in integrated circuits, causing voids and hillocks in the wires. The voids increase resistance or even cause opens in the wires, while hillocks can cause shorts to adjacent wires. This paper describes how electromigration is a ticking time bomb in IC designs, which can trigger a system failure at some und... View full abstract»

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  • Do portable electronics endanger flight? The evidence mounts

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):26 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2192 KB)

    According to a new study, the risk that RF emissions from carry-on electronic devices will affect avionics, although not high, is still high enough to warrant tougher government regulations. The authors discuss a study by RTCA on the problems of interference caused by portable electronic devices (PEDs). The electromagnetic emissions from PEDs and their effects on avionic systems, particularly radi... View full abstract»

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  • The DSP decision: fixed point or floating?

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):72 - 74
    Cited by:  Papers (28)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (612 KB)

    The rapid expansion of the market in applications of the digital signal processor has unloosed a flood of diverse chips. Design engineers are being inundated with altogether too much information to absorb. Still, the problem does become more manageable once it is decided whether a fixed-point or a floating point math unit should be basic to the digital signal processor (DSP) to be used. Several fa... View full abstract»

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