Computer

Issue 8 • Aug. 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 12 of 12
  • Reference model for data interchange standards

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):87 - 88
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (283 KB)

    The World Wide Web (WWW) is based on the simple assumption that all documents are represented in a standard format using copymarks that denote structure as defined by HyperText Markup Language. They use a standard document identification scheme, a URL (uniform resource locator) and a standard retrieval form, HTTP (hypertext transfer protocol). The HTML, URL, and HTTP standards are simplifications ... View full abstract»

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  • Doing business on the Net

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):85 - 86
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)

    Originally created for the military and developed by researchers, the Internet has been discovered by the world of commerce. Many companies are establishing World Wide Web sites to promote their products and services. However, they may be so busy establishing business procedures and strategies that they may not consider some important legal issues. Those issues reflect the Web's high-tech nature a... View full abstract»

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  • 3D user interfaces for general-purpose 3D animation

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):71 - 78
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2692 KB)

    The paper discusses Virtual Studio software which provides nonprofessional animators with inexpensive and easy-to-use 3D animation systems that have the functionality of complex and costly professional platforms. Virtual Studio is built on Virtuality Builder II, a graphics architecture based on objects and constraints that permits the manipulation and animation of synthetic worlds in three dimensi... View full abstract»

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  • Toward intelligent meeting agents

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):62 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (21)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2072 KB)

    Groupware has produced measurable productivity gains for major corporations in recent years. Agent software enhances productivity even more by helping groupware perform convergent tasks, thus freeing users for more creative work. An experiment with an Al-based software agent shows that it can help users organize and consolidate ideas from electronic brainstorming. The agent recalled concepts as ef... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed computing using autonomous objects

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):55 - 61
    Cited by:  Papers (44)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (992 KB)

    Most existing distributed systems are structured as statically compiled processes communicating with each other via messages. The system's intelligence is embodied in the processes, while the messages contain simple, passive pieces of information. This is referred to as the communicating objects paradigm. In the autonomous objects paradigm, a message has its own identity and behavior. It decides a... View full abstract»

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  • PC software performance tuning

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):47 - 54
    Cited by:  Papers (12)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1968 KB)

    PC software has not kept pace with the hardware it runs on. Sluggish software often stems from programmers' reluctance to profile code unless it runs “too slowly.” This article describes some programming tricks and a new tool for tuning code running on Intel-based PCs View full abstract»

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  • Collaboratories: doing science on the Internet

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):40 - 46
    Cited by:  Papers (99)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1916 KB)

    The success of many complex scientific investigations hinges on bringing the capabilities of diverse individuals from multiple institutions together with state-of-the-art instrumentation. Computer scientists working with domain specialists have made progress on several fronts to create and integrate the tools required for Internet-based scientific collaboration. However, both technical and sociolo... View full abstract»

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  • Web publishing: speed changes everything

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):91 - 93
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (580 KB)

    Information on the Internet travels at the speed of light, but we've not yet felt the full impact of near-instantaneously transmitted information. To understand this impact, the perspective of media is important. From speed emerges interactivity, which, among other things, leads to hypertext. Except for specialists, few seem to have noticed the significance of this fact. Many research journals are... View full abstract»

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  • Java, the Web, and software development

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):25 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (20)  |  Patents (26)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (864 KB)

    The author discusses how the World Wide Web and Java mark the death of fatware and the birth of dynamic computing built on rented components. The real paradigm shift will be the replacement of purchased software packages with transaction-oriented rental of Java applets attached to Web pages. In the move to a full-scale Internet based application development environment, developers are grappling wi... View full abstract»

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  • Java and the shift to net-centric computing

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):31 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (39)  |  Patents (153)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2860 KB)

    Java is an object-oriented programming language with a syntax similar to C and C++, only simpler. Because Java is an interpreted language, the typical C or C++ compile-link-load-test-debug cycle is reduced. Java development environments actually let the entire software-development life cycle take place within a Web browser. The author discusses some basic and advanced features of Java, including g... View full abstract»

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  • Digital Library Task Force

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):89 - 91
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (504 KB)

    In 1995, the IEEE Computer Society established the Task Force on Digital Libraries as a first step leading to a full-fledged Technical Committee. The task force is to promote research in the theory and practice of all aspects of digital libraries. The task force sponsors activities that benefit its members and profession. Such activities include sponsoring and co-sponsoring symposia, sessions in l... View full abstract»

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  • Software architectures: divine plan or digital Darwinism?

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):13 - 15
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (516 KB)

    Is there a hidden pattern to developments in the computer industry, or are they simply a demonstration of Darwinism? The author discusses the fate of software architectures as a good example of digital Darwinism View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

Computer, the flagship publication of the IEEE Computer Society, publishes peer-reviewed articles written for and by computer researchers and practitioners representing the full spectrum of computing and information technology, from hardware to software and from emerging research to new applications. 

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Sumi Helal
Lancaster University
sumi.helal@computer.org