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IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine

Issue 4 • Date July-Aug. 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 17 of 17
  • From the Guest Editors

    Publication Year: 1996
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Publication, ethics, and scientific integrity

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):104 - 105
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    The vast majority of scientists are honest and dedicated professionals who are not fudging data, plagiarizing their colleagues' research, or abusing patients. These are the felonies of scientific practice, and many scientists feel that the reputation of science has been unfairly damaged by the misconduct of a few of their colleagues. The author suggests a complacency about scientific integrity tha... View full abstract»

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  • Health care technology support management. A perspective for developing countries

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):18 - 21
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    We present a review of medical technology management problems in developing countries, based on our experience and on literature review. Also, recommended approaches for the need for thorough research that covers technical, medical, executive, as well as manufacturer's authorities in the field are included to develop a consolidated model that can be used as a guideline for developing countries. To... View full abstract»

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  • Consider the GPS for biomedical applications

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):16 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (332 KB)

    One important field of research in biology is the study of the mechanisms that govern orientation and navigation of living objects in a natural environment. For this purpose, experimental techniques for localization and reconstructing a given path as a function of time are of fundamental importance. The most attractive of these techniques is certainly satellite-based. Recent developments in the Na... View full abstract»

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  • Regulatory policy for EMF

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):71 - 76
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1036 KB)

    In states where electromagnetic fields (EMF) is a public concern, it is reasonable and worthwhile to develop an interim EMF policy. For states where EMF has not been an issue, it is likely that a sound EMF policy would go a long way toward forestalling citizen fear and action against power line construction. In a time when individual and property rights issues are on the ascendance, an objective a... View full abstract»

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  • Where do we go from here? [bioelectromagnetic effects]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):87 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (740 KB)

    An enquiring skeptic who studies the history of bioelectromagnetics may well come to the conclusion that, associated with any particular region of the spectrum, there is a recurring cycle of “discovery”. It goes something like this. First exploratory work indicates there seems to be an interesting biological “effect associated with low level” exposure to that portion of the... View full abstract»

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  • Literature resources for understanding biological effects of EM fields

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):96 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1540 KB)

    This article introduces the reader to the literature in the title field and to the major literature resources. The author also describes several unusual aspects of this challenging area of research. The following topics are discussed: reviews of biological effects of EM fields; government-sponsored reviews; reviews in journals and monographs; conflicting experimental results in the primary literat... View full abstract»

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  • The role of science in EMF litigation

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):61 - 70
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1516 KB)

    The increased reliance on expert evidence by litigants is no more apparent than in lawsuits where a plaintiff alleges that exposure to the electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) associated with the use of electricity has caused him injury. This article addresses the type of EMF claims that are being raised, summarizes key litigation developments and trends, and explains the importance of science in E... View full abstract»

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  • Electromagnetic field effects and mechanisms

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):50 - 56
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1200 KB)

    The author discusses the following topics: exposure vs. dose; known mechanisms; thermal effects vs. nonthermal effects; membrane excitation; electric fields (charge interactions; permanent dipole interactions; induced dipole interactions); magnetic field effects; free radical effects; human perception of 60 Hz magnetic fields; cyclotron resonance; microwave auditory effect; blood-brain barrier eff... View full abstract»

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  • Biological studies of power-frequency fields and carcinogenesis

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):31 - 40, 49
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1504 KB)

    The laboratory data on power frequency fields does not provide any real support for an association between exposure to power-frequency fields and cancer. In fact, given the relative weakness of the epidemiology, combined with the extensive and unsupportive laboratory studies, and the biophysical implausibility of interactions at relevant field strengths, it is often difficult to see why there is s... View full abstract»

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  • Revolutionizing biology through leveraging technology

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):106 - 110
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (776 KB)

    The authors look at another phase of the Human Genome Project (HGP). They discuss: technology basis; the current status of sequencing; future sequencing visions; leveraging HGP-derived technology for DNA analysis; technology for interpreting the genome; legacy of the HGP View full abstract»

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  • Risk assessment of EMF on health

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):77 - 86
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1544 KB)

    The following topics are considered: are electromagnetic fields hazardous? (including: the danger of electricity; low intensity field effects on animals); Hill's epidemiological principles; differences in prior knowledge and belief; the numerical magnitude of risk (including: the importance of making a risk estimate; which parameter defines dose or exposure?; bad parameters and dose underestimatio... View full abstract»

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  • Electrophobia

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):91 - 95, 101
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1040 KB)

    One is are assaulted almost daily by fearful headlines in the media. Flyers urge attendance at public hearings to protest the siting of a new TV broadcast tower or cellular base station. One is exhorted by experts to practice “prudent avoidance”" of the fields from power distribution lines and even from electric clocks. Is there any wonder that inhabitants of much of the civilized worl... View full abstract»

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  • The EMF to BBB connection

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):57 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)

    The author considers the effects of electromagnetic energy on the blood-brain barrier (BBB). The integrity of the BBB is necessary for proper function of the brain in mammals. Minor leakage of the BBB can lead to neural dysfunction and major leakage is associated with brain swelling, which can lead to death. Thus, any change in the BBB of humans by EM fields could cause significant adverse effects... View full abstract»

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  • Magnetic fields and childhood cancers

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):41 - 49
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1188 KB)

    We present an examination of available dose-response data on EMF and childhood cancer in the epidemiologic literature. We conclude that evidence of dose-response exists for childhood leukemia and that causality remains a scientifically defensible explanation for the epidemiologic results produced thus far on this disease in relation to EMF exposure View full abstract»

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  • Historical introduction to EMF health effects

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):24 - 30
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1220 KB)

    The history is traced from the knowledge of the ancient Greeks, through the effects of "static electricity" in the eighteenth century, to the nineteenth century which saw rapid developments in electrotechnology and also in medical uses of electricity and magnetism. Through the nineteenth century, attention began to shift from the applications of static electricity to those of galvanic current. The... View full abstract»

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  • Patent law trumps trademark law [Vornado electric fan]

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (180 KB)

    What happens when the purposes of the patent laws conflict with the purposes of the trademark laws? Which law should prevail? That was the question before the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit in the recent case of Vornado vs. Duracraft. The answer the court gave was that the patent laws should prevail and as a result, the court severely limited the trademark doctrine of "trade dress" pr... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine contains articles on current technologies and methods used in biomedical and clinical engineering.

 

This Magazine ceased publication in 2010. The current retitled publication is IEEE Pulse.

Full Aims & Scope