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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 7 • July 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 31
  • IEEE Spectrum - Front cover

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): c1
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  • Newslog

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 1
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):2 - 4
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):7 - 8
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  • No More to Know? [Books]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):10 - 12
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  • A Science for the next Century [Books]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):12 - 15
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  • Calendar

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):16 - 94E7
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  • Washington Watch

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 18T1
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  • Recent books

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):18T2 - 94T4
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  • Bozos on the bus [Reflections]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 19
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  • Unlocking the grid [electricity industry restructuring]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):20 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (43)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (441 KB)

    If the ideas of electricity as a product and its transport as a service are separated, consumers can be given a choice among competing generators. So how can consumers choose suppliers? The authors answer this question by considering the four main points of electricity industry restructuring. The first is the question of who can sell what to whom, or, how much competition is necessary to ensure th... View full abstract»

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  • Charting a new course in California [electricity market restructuring]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):26 - 31
    Cited by:  Papers (25)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2550 KB)

    The California Public Utilities Commission issued a decision in December 1995 that made it official: the investor-owned electric utility industry in California will be restructured to allow for wholesale and retail competition beginning in 1998. Under the plan, an independent system operator will operate, as a single control area, the transmission systems that at present are owned and operated by ... View full abstract»

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  • Nurturing R&D in the new electric power regime

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):32 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    The authors argue that technological changes coming in the wake of electric power restructuring will be even greater tan those that have preceded it. They also argue that new means of financing and conducting research and development are urgently needed. View full abstract»

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  • Personal computers are hot

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):34 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2875 KB)

    Now that the market is open to international competition, a pent-up demand has Brazilians buying computers in record-breaking numbers. The vigorous market place-the installed base of PCs was put at 2.8 million units in 1995-demands everything from a simple hard-disk upgrade to entire multimedia systems; from home printers to high-end printing systems; and from multibranch banking automation system... View full abstract»

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  • Moving software to a global platform

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):40 - 43
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (234 KB)

    The 1990s has already seen enormous change to the computer industry in Brazil. But the greatest change of all is expected in the area of software. By the end of 2000, Brazil is out to capture 1 percent of a US $ 200 billion international software market, according to the federal Govemment's National Program of Software for Export, or Softex 2000. For Brazil, this could mean $2 billion in revenues ... View full abstract»

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  • On the leading edge of the process control world

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):44 - 47
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    Strong Government support from 1982 to 1992 helped Brazil's process control industry become a worldwide supplier of digital instrumentation. The industry in Brazil is at the leading edge of applications of Fieldbus-based control. The author discusses the development of the industry from pneumatics to digital control and microprocessor based instrumentation. View full abstract»

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  • Smart oil recovery

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):48 - 51
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (417 KB)

    Fuzzy-logic-based expert systems assist Brazilian engineers with the drilling, pumping, and processing of offshore oil, cutting costs without compromising safety. The authors discuss these applications of fuzzy logic control. View full abstract»

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  • Computer-aided train dispatch

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):51 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (621 KB)

    The Carajas Line is one of the busiest railway routes and leading carriers of iron ore in the world. The 892 km-long, single-track line connects Sao Luis Harbor with the Carajas iron ore mine in the state of Para in the Amazon. Soon the line will become still busier because a unique real-time knowledge-based system is about to significantly increase its productivity while reducing its operating co... View full abstract»

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  • Going on line with the Internet

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):54 - 59
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    It has been hyped to such a degree in Brazil that many consider the Internet the key to an ideal, and profitable, world. Here, the authors describe how, with more computers on the Internet than in all the rest of Latin America, Brazil is adding to the infrastructure to woo users, despite high access cost. View full abstract»

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  • Power R&D: more watts, but less to pay

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):60 - 62
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    Thousands of kilometers separate the hydroelectric sources on the Amazon from main load centers far to the south. If Brazil is to transmit many megawatts of power over such distances, it must develop technology that is more efficient and less costly than what is in use today. For this and other pressing needs in the power field, the country's federally owned holding company in charge of power gene... View full abstract»

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  • Telecom R&D focuses on immediate needs

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):63 - 65
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (438 KB)

    The ongoing transformation of Brazil's telecommunications market is pushing R&D to the fore. Its new prominence is due to the economy's liberalization, with a gradual reduction in import tariffs, growing competition at home, and a move toward the international marketplace, not to mention the desire to privatize telephone operating companies. These companies are supported by CPqD (for Centro de Pes... View full abstract»

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  • To probe further

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 65
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  • The practical engineer

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 67
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  • Table of Contents

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 68
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  • Ten points to ponder in picking an oscilloscope

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):69 - 73
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (139 KB)

    Like microscopes for biologists, oscilloscopes serve electrical engineers as a second pair of eyes, often providing the only way to "see" what they are working on. Selecting the right one for the job is therefore worth taking some care over. While it is tempting simply to purchase the same model you've used before, you may then miss out on one or more of the many useful features and capabilities t... View full abstract»

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Susan Hassler
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