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IEEE Expert

Issue 3 • Date June 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 14 of 14
  • Goedel, Escher, Bach redux

    Publication Year: 1996
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  • The digital library as a community of information agents

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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  • Digital librarians: beyond the digital book stack

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • AI Applications in Structural/Construction Engineering

    Publication Year: 1996
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (988 KB)  

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  • Green engineering: AI pioneers cutting a trail

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 4 - 6
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (428 KB)  

    Green engineering, an approach to product development that balances environmental compatibility with economic profitability, is fast becoming a necessary business practice. Leading automakers, computer manufacturers, and others are recognizing the economic and legislative pressures that necessitate going green. From design to disposal, green engineering is finding ways to extend a product's life cycle through reuse, remanufacturing, and recycling. Innovative consortia, such as the Green Design Initiative at Carnegie Mellon University, are pioneering green methodologies, tools, and techniques that in some cases include artificial intelligence. As a stronger foundation of green manufacturing knowledge is built, AI's green role is likely to increase View full abstract»

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  • Expert systems as knowledge servers

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 14 - 19
    Cited by:  Papers (22)  |  Patents (16)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (1136 KB)  

    Wide-area networks and the Internet-based World Wide Web allow developers to provide intelligent knowledge servers. Expert systems running on servers can support a large group of users who communicate with the system over the network. In this approach, user interfaces based on Web protocols provide access to the knowledge servers. Users do not need special hardware or software to consult these services with appropriate Web browsers View full abstract»

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  • The role of AI in digital libraries

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 8 - 13
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    The World Wide Web's growing popularity is changing the nature of libraries. Digital libraries offer a huge range of multimedia information-everything from movies, speeches, images, and photos to sounds, text, and beyond. The amount of on-line material is exploding, and the infrastructure for locating and accessing material improves almost daily. With so much and such a wide variety of information available, the problem is changing from simply locating related information to locating the most relevant information efficiently and cost effectively. In building the next generation of digital libraries, artificial intelligence will play several important roles. First, the multimedia nature of digital libraries will require moving beyond simple keyword lookup of information to much more advanced document-processing capabilities in which the system analyzes the content through text analysis, image processing, and speech recognition. Second, the availability of such a huge amount of information will require advances in the infrastructure for organizing and accessing information. A promising approach to this problem is the development of information agents. These agents can provide a variety of services-such as searching, retrieving, filtering, and negotiating-that reduce the burden on the information user or provider. Researchers from several of the major digital library projects present their vision of AI's role in building digital libraries View full abstract»

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  • Neural network control of robot manipulators

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 64 - 75
    Cited by:  Papers (39)  |  Patents (3)
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    The author describes neural network controllers for robot manipulators in a variety of applications, including position control, force control, parallel-link mechanisms, and digital neural network control. These “model-free” controllers offer a powerful and robust alternative to adaptive control View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge-based assistance for finite-element modeling

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 23 - 32
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    The authors propose a knowledge-based framework for assisting users in setting up, interpreting, and hierarchically refining finite-element models in a structural engineering domain. The central mechanism for providing modeling assistance is the explicit representation and incremental activation and refraction of modeling assumptions that operate on functional descriptions View full abstract»

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  • Plan recognition for decision support

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 54 - 63
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
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    The author proposes a knowledge-level model for keyhole plan recognition. This model supports knowledge acquisition needed for plan recognition by making explicit and structuring, at an implementation-independent level, the relationships among the types of knowledge and the elements of the reasoning process involved in that knowledge View full abstract»

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  • Developing case-based reasoning for structural design

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 42 - 52
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2652 KB)  

    Case-based systems enable users to retrieve previously known designs from memory and adapt them to fit the current design problem. The four case-based design systems described in the paper illustrate how various implementations achieve design assistance or design automation objectives View full abstract»

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  • Almost there: a new medium on the Web

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 85 - 86
    Cited by:  Patents (3)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (228 KB)  

    In his famous article, Vannevar Bush (1945) envisioned memex (memory extension), a device in which an individual stores all his books, records, and communications, and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility. Memex stores, links, and retrieves annotated text, photographs, speech, video, and film recordings. One of its important functions is that it allows annotation and retrieval, or selection of multimodal information on the basis of semantic content. According to Bush, to facilitate content retrieval, there is a new profession of trailblazers, those who find a delight in the task of establishing useful trails through the enormous mass of the common record. At the beginning of the article, he predicted that the interface to memex would use speech recognition and understanding. By the end, he envisioned an interface that could detect the electric waveforms from our brain to record thoughts and dreams and transform them into retrievable memex documents. In my opinion, the Web will eventually evolve into a truly dynamic multimodal medium without its current bias for static presentations. This medium will be different from and coexist with print, radio, cinema, television, cable, and video rentals. One of the features of memex that will materialize on the Web is the availability of audio and video media that can be linked and retrieved in much the same way as hypertext is View full abstract»

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  • Conceptual, collaborative building design through shared graphics

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 33 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
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    The Interdisciplinary Communication Medium computer environment integrates a shared graphic modeling environment with network-based services to accommodate many perspectives in an architecture/engineering/construction team View full abstract»

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  • Hierarchical distributed genetic algorithms: a fuzzy logic controller design application

    Publication Year: 1996 , Page(s): 76 - 84
    Cited by:  Papers (8)  |  Patents (26)
    Save to Project icon | Request Permissions | Click to expandQuick Abstract | PDF file iconPDF (2888 KB)  

    Unlike conventional genetic algorithms, HDGAs use a multiresolutional search scheme and change structure to achieve a goal. In this application, an HDGA investigates various configurations dynamically to find the optimal design of a fuzzy logic controller for a complex, unmanned, space-based plant View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

This Periodical ceased production in 1997. The current retitled publication is IEEE Intelligent Systems.

Full Aims & Scope