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IEEE Spectrum

Issue 6 • June 1996

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  • IEEE Spectrum [Front cover]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): c1
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  • Newslog

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 1
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):2 - 4
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  • Forum

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 6
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  • Resistance to New Technology: Nuclear Power, Information Technology, and Biotechnology [book review]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 8
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  • Nano: The Emerging Science of Nanotechnology: Remaking the world-Molecule by Molecule [book review]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):8 - 11
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  • The Challenger Launch Decision: Risky Technology, Culture, and Deviance at NASA [book review]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):10 - 84T6
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  • Statistics visualized

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 18
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (273 KB)

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  • Catching up with modern times [modernisation of Brazil's infrastructure]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):22 - 28
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    With a lagging infrastructure, Brazil seeks a bigger role for private enterprise so Government can concentrate on social needs. Modernization and expansion of this fragile infrastructure is vital to Brazil's economic growth and global competitiveness. But there is not enough government money. The proposed solution: end state monopolies and get government out of businesses that are best left to the... View full abstract»

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  • Utilities for sale [Brazil]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):29 - 33
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    To raise the cash badly needed for new power plants, the Brazilian Government is vigorously endeavouring to sell off its utilities to private interests in pursuit of its Plan 2015, the country's 20-year master plan for electric power generation, transmission, and distribution. The author describes the progress made in privatising the electricity sector in Brazil outlining the various laws, decrees... View full abstract»

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  • Powerful on-campus computing for industry

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 32
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  • Supplying small loads at reasonable cost

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):34 - 35
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    The hundreds of kilometres of power lines that stretch from Brazil's under-developed areas to its big urban centers bypass many small, electricity-less towns. Excluded from the mainstream of development, their inhabitants leave en-masse for the already overpopulated cities. Eletronorte decided to find a way to improve matters. It undertook a pioneering engineering project to supply electricity to ... View full abstract»

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  • Telecommunications [Brazil]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):36 - 42
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    Although information technology is a burgeoning industry in Brazil, the closely related telecommunications sector has not kept pace. A huge, unsatisfied demand must wait for private investment to upgrade and expand services and offer new ones. With the government committed to selling to private interests much of the telecommunications sector, US long distance and regional telephone companies, and ... View full abstract»

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  • Making privatization constitutional

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):38 - 39
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  • Workstation wars get personal

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):43 - 47
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    Once the bastion of costly Unix workstations, high-performance desktop computing is starting to move to less expensive Windows NT machines. About 90 percent of the market in personal workstations consists of Pentium-based machines and, of those, 80 percent are Windows NT machines while the remainder are Unix boxes. Personal workstations are the fastest-growing segment of the workstation market. Fo... View full abstract»

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  • Robert N. Metcalfe

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):48 - 49
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    As good at selling as producing ideas, Ethernet's inventor has been awarded the 1996 IEEE medal of honor. The author briefly outlines the characteristics and ideals of Metcalfe, and then describes how he developed the Ethernet. View full abstract»

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  • The 1996 Medalists [IEEE awards]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):56 - 60
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  • Computer-aided verification

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):61 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (58)  |  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1873 KB)

    Theorem proving and model checking are powerful tools that can verify the logical correctness of today's ICs or find their hidden bugs. Today, the first computer-aided verification tools are becoming commercially available. They are based on methods that in many cases can reduce the complexity of verification (without sacrificing guaranteed correctness) to such a degree that it becomes computation... View full abstract»

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  • Debugging a cache flush unit

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 63
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  • Debugging a communications chip

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 64
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  • Verifying cache coherence protocols

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 67
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  • As good as gold [circuit design]

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):68 - 71
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (244 KB)

    Simulation is a natural outgrowth of the hardware breadboard that preceded engineering workstations and commercial design automation tools. For the breadboard, simulation substitutes software: a netlist or a model in a hardware description language (HDL) represents the design, then the simulator automatically applies stimuli to the model's inputs and captures the response of the model's outputs. U... View full abstract»

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  • Equivalence checking at Cray Research

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s): 71
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  • Rule checking at the register level

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):72 - 73
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (192 KB)

    For huge, complex circuits, checking design rules at a level of abstraction above the gate level can identify architectural problems early on. Today's more mature equivalence checkers require little user input, but are not able to verify the quality or correctness of an original design. By adding RTL-DRC capability to formal verification tools, they can be used to find and correct RTL design probl... View full abstract»

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  • International science and technology museums. II

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):74 - 83
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    This instalment of reports by engineers and their families continues IEEE Spectrum's survey of 88 science and technology museums around the world. In This instalment prints reviews of the museums from Italy through Switzerland. The overall impressions are that they are entertaining and educational and of various styles. View full abstract»

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IEEE Spectrum Magazine, the flagship publication of the IEEE, explores the development, applications and implications of new technologies.

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Susan Hassler
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