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IEEE Annals of the History of Computing

Issue 2 • Summer 1996

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Displaying Results 1 - 12 of 12
  • Commercial applications of the digital computer in American corporations, 1945-1995

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):18 - 29
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2300 KB)

    This paper describes the commercial applications of the digital computer in the United States over the past 50 years. It suggests that as technology improved, new uses for computers appeared. Looking at major types of applications common to all industries and then at industry-specific uses, the author identifies several historically important phases in the adoption of applications. He suggests tha... View full abstract»

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  • "Those who forget the lessons of history are doomed to repeat it": or, Why I study the history of computing

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):54 - 62
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1147 KB)

    The year 1996 marks the 50th anniversary of the public revelation of the ENIAC, the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Large Scale Computing Subcommittee of the AIEE under the chairmanship of Charles Concordia, and the beginning of the 50th anniversary celebrations of the IEEE Computer Society and the ACM. Within those years, the computer field has not only developed but has had added to... View full abstract»

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  • Biographies [Obituary, Roger Lee Sisson]

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Computing Perspectives [Reviews]

    Publication Year: 1996
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (126 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • BYTE, 20th Anniversary Report [Reviews]

    Publication Year: 1996
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Happenings

    Publication Year: 1996
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Konrad Zuse Obituary

    Publication Year: 1996
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Guest Editor's Introduction

    Publication Year: 1996
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Creating the Computer Industry

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2446 KB)

    First Page of the Article
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  • Creating the computer industry

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):7 - 17
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (2304 KB)

    The major underlying factors that shaped the computer industry as it emerged, beginning in the mid-1940s, are the focus of this paper. Unlike many accounts that primarily discuss technological developments, this paper examines the interaction of three equally important elements: technology, customers and suppliers. The evolution of the computer industry is shown to have been driven initially by na... View full abstract»

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  • Changing computing: the computing community and DARPA

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):40 - 53
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1876 KB)

    Between 1962 and 1986, the Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) provided significant support for computer science R&D. The design and implementation of the support programs of this office was the responsibility of a small group of computer scientists who emerged from the growing computer science community. Program directors fo... View full abstract»

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  • Fostering a capacity for compromise: business, government, and the stages of innovation in American computing

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):30 - 39
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1200 KB)

    Surveys firms' behaviors and competitive structures in American computing during the past 50 years and places the industry within the context of American political economy. It argues that leading firms such as IBM, Apple and Microsoft have exhibited a capacity to strike compromises between innovation and stability. Through selective enforcement of the antitrust laws, government has tolerated and e... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

The IEEE Annals of the History of Computing serves as a record of vital contributions which recount, preserve, and analyze the history of computing and the impact of computing on society.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Nathan Ensmenger
Indiana University, School of Informatics & Computing
nensmeng@indiana.edu