By Topic

IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics - Part A: Systems and Humans

Issue 1 • Date Jan. 1996

Filter Results

Displaying Results 1 - 17 of 17
  • Editorial Two-Part IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

    Publication Year: 1996
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (133 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A computational model of coordination

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):132 - 141
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1208 KB)

    This paper explores and explicates the concept of coordination in small workgroups. The authors develop a computational model within which the key constructs of coordination can be precisely defined. This framework can serve as the basis for additional theoretical developments and as a basis for developing software systems designed to support coordination in workgroups. Coordination is viewed as m... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Searching graphs with A*: applications to job sequencing

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):168 - 173
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (720 KB)

    The best-first search algorithm A* allows search graphs that are trees, directed acyclic graphs or directed graphs with cycles. In real life applications of A* the search graph is generally implemented as a tree. It is shown here that for certain well known one-machine job sequencing problems that arise in job shops, graph search is much faster than best-first tree search when problem instances ar... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • The effects of network size and fault intermittency on troubleshooting performance

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):125 - 132
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (864 KB)

    The effects of network size and component test reliability (intermittency) on troubleshooting performance and strategy selection were investigated using a computer-based, fault-finding program (Networker). By testing system components and output devices, the subjects' task was to find the faulty component in a computer-based problem. Subjects were required to troubleshoot 18 problems. Results indi... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • A knowledge-based simulation environment for hierarchical flexible manufacturing

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):81 - 90
    Cited by:  Papers (14)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1104 KB)

    This article presents an approach to embedding expert systems within an object oriented simulation environment. The basic idea is to create classes of expert system models that can be interfaced with other model classes. An expert system shell is developed within a knowledge-based design and simulation environment which combines artificial intelligence and systems modeling concepts. In the given f... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • On the complexity of the design synthesis problem

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):142 - 151
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1144 KB)

    Presents and analyzes a formal model of a design process, emphasizing the synthesis part. The design artifact description is identified as an algebraic structure. The desired function and constraints are mapped to the artifact description using an evolutionary process that can be visualized as a feedback loop of analysis, synthesis and evaluation. A special case of the synthesis activity, called t... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Human and organizational error in large scale systems

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):2 - 16
    Cited by:  Papers (27)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1928 KB)

    We are rarely interested in organizations that can do catastrophic harm until something happens in them to attract public attention. Yet when that event occurs we usually find the cause is not simply human error. More often, human error is embedded in organizational and societal processes that ultimately result in the error. The thesis of this essay is that we cannot fully understand the complex s... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Static and decentralized-adaptive load balancing in a star configured distributed computing system

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):91 - 104
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1232 KB)

    The problem of minimizing the average job response time (sojourn time) in a star configured distributed computing system (DCS) with N peripheral processors and one central processor is studied. Each peripheral processor (satellite) receives a stream of Poisson arrivals. A job arriving at a satellite Si will be processed with a probability (1-Pi) by itself and routed to the ce... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Abstractions of finite-state machines and optimality with respect to immediately-detectable next-state faults

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):151 - 160
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (960 KB)

    Abstraction is the process of lumping together some of the inputs, states, and outputs of a finite-state system (machine) M to transform it into a smaller, generally nondeterministic system MA. Theoretically, abstraction can be viewed as a method for approximate system simplification, and practically it finds application to system monitoring. Large and complex systems are usually observ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • An object-oriented manufacturing scheduling approach

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):17 - 26
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (984 KB)

    Scheduling is the process of devising or designing a procedure for a particular objective. Because of the dynamic domains that certain scheduling systems must solve, we have proposed an eight layer scheduling model that would aid in developing general scheduling systems. In the article our model is presented together with current scheduling systems researched. From these systems we have developed ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Extraction of rules from natural objects for automated mechanical processing

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):105 - 120
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1572 KB)

    In process applications, fast and accurate extraction of complex information from an object for the purpose of mechanical processing of that object, is often required. In this paper, a general rule-based approach is developed using a database of measurable geometric “features” and associated complex information. The rules relate the features to the complex processing information. Durin... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Derivation and test of an optimum overlapping-lobes model of visual search

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):161 - 168
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (772 KB)

    The visual search process is modeled as a sequence of fixations which may or may not partially overlap in coverage of the search field. A single expression is derived for the probability of search success which covers all overlap cases. Making the further assumption that search strategy is chosen so as to maximize expected value, yields the result that each point on the search field must be fixate... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Combining ambiguous evidence with respect to ambiguous a priori knowledge. I. Boolean logic

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):27 - 41
    Cited by:  Papers (19)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1528 KB)

    This paper describes conditioned Dempster-Shafer (CDS) theory, a probabilistic calculus for dealing with possibly non-Bayesian evidence when the underlying a priori knowledge base is possibly non-Bayesian. Specifically, we show that the Dempster-Shafer combination operator can be “conditioned” to reflect the influence of any a priori knowledge base which can be modeled by a Dempster-Sh... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Compiling influence diagrams

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):121 - 125
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB)

    This paper examines a class of algorithms for “compiling” influence diagrams into a set of simple decision rules. These decision rules define simple-to-execute, complete, consistent, and near-optimal decision procedures. These compilation algorithms can be used to derive decision procedures for manually solving time constrained decision problems View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Biological and cognitive foundations of intelligent sensor fusion

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):42 - 51
    Cited by:  Papers (39)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1616 KB)

    This paper reviews the literature from the biological and cognitive sciences in sensory integration and derives principles for use in constructing intelligent sensor fusion systems. In particular, it presents psychophysical and neurophysical studies on how sensor fusion is accomplished and cognitive models of associated activities, including optimization of sensing configurations, improvement of s... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • Information combination operators for data fusion: a comparative review with classification

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):52 - 67
    Cited by:  Papers (319)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1524 KB)

    In most data fusion systems, the information extracted from each sensor (either numerical or symbolic) is represented as a degree of belief in an event with real values, taking in this way into account the imprecise, uncertain, and incomplete nature of the information. The combination of such degrees of belief is performed through numerical fusion operators. A very large variety of such operators ... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.
  • On the proof of correctness of “Yet another asynchronous distributed discrete event simulation algorithm (YADDES)”

    Publication Year: 1996, Page(s):68 - 80
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1244 KB)

    The discipline of discrete event simulation may be utilized to model many physical systems such as digital hardware, queueing networks, telephone networks, simulated warfare, and banking transactions. Where the entities of a physical system execute independently and interact asynchronously, an asynchronous distributed event-driven simulation algorithm may enable the simulation of the system to exe... View full abstract»

    Full text access may be available. Click article title to sign in or learn about subscription options.

Aims & Scope

The fields of systems engineering and human machine systems: systems engineering includes efforts that involve issue formulation, issue analysis and modeling, and decision making and issue interpretation at any of the lifecycle phases associated with the definition, development, and implementation of large systems.

 

This Transactions ceased production in 2012. The current retitled publication is IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems.

Full Aims & Scope

Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Dr. Witold Pedrycz
University of Alberta