IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

Issue 6  Part 1 • Dec. 2003

 This issue contains several parts.Go to:  Part 2 

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Displaying Results 1 - 15 of 15
  • Optical redshifts due to correlations in quasar plasmas

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1223 - 1229
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (520 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    While it is commonly accepted that cosmic redshifts are caused by the expansion of space, there are some puzzling cases. For example, a number of quasars having very large redshifts appear to be close to galaxies having much lower redshifts. If the standard cosmological model of the universe is correct, then the apparent proximity of quasars and galaxies must be incorrect, and the quasars must be ... View full abstract»

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  • Propagation of light in low-pressure ionized and atomic hydrogen: application to astrophysics

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1215 - 1222
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Impulsive stimulated Raman scattering (ISRS) uses ultrashort laser pulses to shift light frequencies; the frequency shift depends on the power of the laser pulses because this power is very large. The relative frequency shifts of coherent Raman effect on incoherent light (CREIL) described in this paper are independent on the intensity of the ordinary incoherent light that it uses, and, in a first ... View full abstract»

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  • Two world systems revisited: a comparison of plasma cosmology and the Big Bang

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1268 - 1275
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (340 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Despite its great popularity, the Big Bang framework for cosmology faces growing contradictions with observation. The Big Bang theory requires three hypothetical entities-the inflation field, nonbaryonic (dark) matter, and the dark energy field-to overcome gross contradictions of theory and observation. Yet, no evidence has ever confirmed the existence of any of these three hypothetical entities. ... View full abstract»

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  • Characteristics for the occurrence of a high-current, Z-pinch aurora as recorded in antiquity

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1192 - 1214
    Cited by:  Papers (19)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (6820 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The discovery that objects from the Neolithic or Early Bronze Age carry patterns associated with high-current Z-pinches provides a possible insight into the origin and meaning of these ancient symbols produced by man. This paper directly compares the graphical and radiation data from high-current Z-pinches to these patterns. The paper focuses primarily, but not exclusively, on petroglyphs. It is f... View full abstract»

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  • On the validity of Kirchhoff's law of thermal emission

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1263 - 1267
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (209 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, Kirchhoff's law is discussed in the context of two extremes: the perfect absorber and the perfect reflector. It is argued that Kirchhoff's extension of his law to the perfect reflector is not justified based on experimental evidence. This greatly limits the universality of the formulations advanced by Kirchhoff and Planck in that blackbody radiation becomes dependent on the nature o... View full abstract»

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  • Some recent developments in understanding auroral electron acceleration processes

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1178 - 1191
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (3594 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Discrete auroral arcs and the associated inverted-V-type electron precipitation are accompanied by potential structures, upgoing ion beams and plasma density depletions in the acceleration region altitude and above. However, exactly how these phenomena depend on altitude in various Kp and solar illumination conditions as well as at various magnetic local time (MLT) and invariant latitude (ILAT) is... View full abstract»

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  • Trends in apparent time intervals between multiple supernovae occurrences

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1252 - 1262
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (404 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents an analysis of recent and historic supernovae and the statistics found in multiple supernovae occurrences, as related to the apparent time intervals between successive events, and the application of trends found from those simple statistics to supernova surveying-a focused search: developing target lists from the International Astronomical Union (IAU), list of all known superno... View full abstract»

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  • A review of lower hybrid solitary structures

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1125 - 1177
    Cited by:  Papers (29)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (4040 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The subject of lower-hybrid solitary structures (LHSS), sometimes called lower-hybrid cavities, is reviewed. LHSS are spatially localized structures embedded in space plasmas. They are characterized by localized electric field fluctuations at frequencies both above and below the ambient lower-hybrid resonance in a density depletion of a few percent to several tens of percent. The localized fluctua... View full abstract»

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  • Collisionless laboratory astrophysics with lasers

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1243 - 1251
    Cited by:  Papers (51)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (638 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Possibilities of laboratory simulation of various explosive phenomena in space and cosmic plasmas with magnetic fields are analyzed on the bases of similarity criteria, properties of collisionless interactions, and parameters of laser-produced plasmas. It is shown how the physics of such widely different phenomena as barium releases in Earth's magnetosphere, collisionless deceleration of supernova... View full abstract»

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  • A critical overview on spacecraft charging mitigation methods

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1118 - 1124
    Cited by:  Papers (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (626 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Interactions between hazardous space plasmas and spacecraft surfaces often result in spacecraft charging. Spacecraft charging may disturb the scientific measurements onboard, affect communications, control, and operations of spacecraft, and may be harmful to the health of the electronics on the spacecraft. Several mitigation methods have been proposed or tested in recent years. This paper presents... View full abstract»

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  • Applications of the dense plasma focus to nuclear fusion and plasma astrophysics

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1237 - 1242
    Cited by:  Papers (21)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (467 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper investigates the dense plasma focus (DPF) for applications to nuclear fusion processes in reactors and in astrophysical plasmas. The scaling derived from experiments suggests a DPF of 100 MJ could reach break-even in a reactor and provides parameter space information for astrophysical problems. The cost and technological problems associated with this achievement are analyzed and environ... View full abstract»

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  • The Martian plasma environment: electric field and Langmuir probe diagnostics

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1232 - 1236
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (304 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The plasma environment of Mars has been studied by a small handful of spacecraft. From the sparse observations that exist, one may conclude that the solar wind-Martian "magnetosphere" interaction is different in significant ways from the solar wind's interaction with Earth's magnetosphere. Mars offers an opportunity to make significant advances in our understanding of the fundamentals of the solar... View full abstract»

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  • Redshifts of cosmological neutrinos as definitive experimental test of Doppler versus non-Doppler redshifts

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1230 - 1231
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (159 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The observed cosmological redshifts of electromagnetic photons have been interpreted as due to Doppler recessional velocities and/or space-expansion. However, energy-loss interactions between light and intervening matter can also lead to redshifts. It is proposed that experimental observation of neutrino redshifts compared with photon redshifts will provide distinctive definitive evidence for the ... View full abstract»

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  • Guest editorial sixth special issue on space and cosmic plasma

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1109 - 1111
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • In memoriam: Grote Reber 1911-2002 founder of radio astronomy

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):1112 - 1117
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (371 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Grote Reber, amateur radio operator W9GFZ, died December 20, 2002 in Tasmania. He would have been 91 years old on December 22nd. Reber is acknowledged as the Father of Radio Astronomy and the inventor of the first true radio telescope. With the advent of space satellites, his greatest legacy may well be his invention of the parabolic dish, designed to receive nonterrestrial electromagnetic radiati... View full abstract»

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Aims & Scope

IEEE Transactions on Plasma Sciences focuses on plasma science and engineering, including: magnetofluid dynamics and thermionics; plasma dynamics; gaseous electronics and arc technology.

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Meet Our Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Steven J. Gitomer, Ph.D.
Senior Scientist, US Civilian Research & Development Foundation
Guest Scientist, Los Alamos National Laboratory
1428 Miracerros Loop South
Santa Fe, NM  87505  87505  USA
tps-editor@ieee.org
Phone:505-988-5751
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