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Grid Computing, 2004. Proceedings. Fifth IEEE/ACM International Workshop on

Date 8-8 Nov. 2004

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 66
  • [Cover page]

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s): c1
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  • [Title page]

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):i - iv
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  • Table of contents

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):v - viii
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  • Preface - Message from Program and General Chairs

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):ix - xi
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  • Conference organization

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):xii - xiii
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  • Additional external reviewers

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s): xiv
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  • BOINC: a system for public-resource computing and storage

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):4 - 10
    Cited by:  Papers (356)  |  Patents (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (112 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    BOINC (Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing) is a software system that makes it easy for scientists to create and operate public-resource computing projects. It supports diverse applications, including those with large storage or communication requirements. PC owners can participate in multiple BOINC projects, and can specify how their resources are allocated among these projects. We... View full abstract»

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  • VGE - a service-oriented grid environment for on-demand supercomputing

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):11 - 18
    Cited by:  Papers (18)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (144 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, we present the Vienna Grid Environment, a service-oriented grid infrastructure based on standard Web services technologies. VGE automates the provision of HPC applications as grid services for on-demand super-computing and simplifies the construction of client-side applications. As a key distinguishing feature, VGE supports a flexible QoS negotiation model which enables clients to n... View full abstract»

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  • DIRAC: a scalable lightweight architecture for high throughput computing

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):19 - 25
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (264 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    DIRAC (distributed infrastructure with remote agent control) has been developed by the CERN LHCb physics experiment to facilitate large scale simulation and user analysis tasks spread across both grid and nongrid computing resources. It consists of a small set of distributed stateless core services, which are centrally managed, and agents which are managed by each computing site. DIRAC utilizes co... View full abstract»

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  • An enabling environment for distributed simulation and visualization

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):26 - 33
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (440 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper we present the MASSIVE project that aims to use grid technology to establish an enabling environment for distributed simulation and visualization of large-scale scientific and engineering research. The project focuses on collaborative numerical simulation and visualization in grid environments. Furthermore, the project is also to develop grid-enabled capability and products for use b... View full abstract»

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  • From sandbox to playground: dynamic virtual environments in the grid

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):34 - 42
    Cited by:  Papers (26)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Much experience has been gained with the protocols and mechanisms needed for discovery and allocation of remote computational resources. However, the preparation of a remote computer for use by a distributed application also requires the creation of an appropriate execution environment, which remains an ad hoc and often clumsy process. We propose here a codification of the interactions required to... View full abstract»

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  • Failure detection and membership management in grid environments

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):44 - 52
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (176 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Failure detectors are an integral part of any fault tolerant distributed system and hence have been a well-studied area. However, earlier proposed failure detectors fail to perform efficiently when applied to grid environments. Most of the earlier proposed detectors were either designed for local area networks or to handle small number of nodes and hence lack in areas such as scalability, efficien... View full abstract»

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  • Usage policy-based CPU sharing in virtual organizations

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):53 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Resource sharing within grid collaborations usually implies specific sharing mechanisms at participating sites. Challenging policy issues can arise within virtual organizations (VOs) that integrate participants and resources spanning multiple physical institutions. Resource owners may wish to grant to one or more VOs the right to use certain resources subject to local policy and service level agre... View full abstract»

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  • A network topology description model for grid application deployment

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):61 - 68
    Cited by:  Papers (6)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (168 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Computational grids are probably among the most heterogeneous computing systems. However, they are very attractive for their potential computational power. Their heterogeneity is especially perceptible during the deployment of grid applications. In particular, an automatic and efficient deployment of grid applications on resources requires to have access to the characteristics of the resources. Th... View full abstract»

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  • A Web based conversational case-based recommender system for ontology aided metadata discovery

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):69 - 75
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Locating resources of interest in a large resource-intensive environment is a challenging problem. In this paper we present research on addressing this problem through the development of a recommender system to aid in metadata discovery. Our recommender approach uses conversational case-based reasoning (CCBR), with semantic Web markup languages providing a standard form for case representation. We... View full abstract»

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  • Towards ontology-driven P2P grid resource discovery

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):76 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (200 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper we present a new approach to semantic resource discovery in the grid. A peer-to-peer network is used to distribute and query the resource catalogue. Each peer can provide resource descriptions and background knowledge, and each peer can query the network for existing resources. We do not require a central ontology for resource description and matching. Each peer has its own, possibly... View full abstract»

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  • Dynamic reconfiguration for grid fabrics

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):86 - 93
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (152 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose a new approach to managing a rapidly evolving grid fabric. The paper begins with a discussion of current configuration systems and their applicability to grid fabrics, followed by a brief analysis of the approaches to fabric configuration of two major grids: TeraGrid and the European DataGrid. We then present our architecture for grid configuration management, and discuss our reference ... View full abstract»

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  • Resource management and knapsack formulations on the grid

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):94 - 101
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (208 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This work formulates the resource allocation problem on grids as a knapsack problem. The notion of utility is introduced, and it is used to effect allocation policies. Simulation results using a variety of allocation policies are presented and show that knapsack formulations optimally allocate resources congruent with the chosen policies. View full abstract»

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  • Walden: a scalable solution for grid account management

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):102 - 109
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A large and diverse consortium of grid clusters, as can be found in a university setting, requires a flexible authorization model that is scalable, extensible and easy to administer. Current approaches to grid authorization suffer from administrative interfaces that don't scale, authorization models that don't provide needed functionality, or both. This paper proposes a solution with initial imple... View full abstract»

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  • MARS: a metascheduler for distributed resources in campus grids

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):110 - 118
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (312 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Computational grids are increasingly being deployed in campus environments to provide unified access to distributed and heterogeneous resources such as clusters, storage arrays, networks, and scientific instruments. While the existing grid computing frameworks and protocols provide a robust set of mechanisms for user authentication, security, workflow and resource management; efficient scheduling ... View full abstract»

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  • A novel architecture for realizing grid workflow using tuple spaces

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):119 - 128
    Cited by:  Papers (28)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (296 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Grid workflow can be defined as the composition of grid application services which execute on heterogeneous and distributed resources in a well-defined order to accomplish a specific goal. Uncertainties within grid environments pose new challenges for grid workflow management systems such as lacking central control and undedicated resource sharing. In this paper, we provide a workflow enactment en... View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid preemptive scheduling of MPI applications on the grids

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):130 - 137
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (240 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Time sharing between cluster resources in grid is a major issue in cluster and grid integration. Classical grid architecture involves a higher level scheduler which submits nonoverlapping jobs to the independent batch schedulers of each cluster of the grid. The sequentiality induced by this approach does not fit with the expected number of users and job heterogeneity of the grids. Time sharing tec... View full abstract»

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  • Memory conscious task partition and scheduling in grid environments

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):138 - 145
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (5664 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    While resource management and task scheduling are identified challenges of grid computing, current grid scheduling systems mainly focus on CPU and network availability. Recent performance improvement of CPU and computer network has made memory usage a significant factor of overall performance. In this study, we consider memory availability as a performance factor and introduce memory conscious tas... View full abstract»

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  • Application-specific scheduling for the organic grid

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):146 - 155
    Cited by:  Papers (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (224 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose a biologically inspired and fully-decentralized approach to the organization of computation that is based on the autonomous scheduling of strongly mobile agents on a peer-to-peer network. Our approach achieves the following design objectives: near-zero knowledge of network topology, zero knowledge of system status, autonomous scheduling, distributed computation, lack of specialized node... View full abstract»

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  • Partitioning and mapping of mesh-based applications onto computational grids

    Publication Year: 2004, Page(s):156 - 162
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (160 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Mesh-based applications, such as those that involve the numerical solution of partial differential equations, may be able to take advantage of the performance of computational grids. We require mesh partitioners that take the heterogeneity of the computational platform into account. Recent work in our group led to the creation of a heterogeneous mesh partitioner, PaGrid. We present a redesigned ve... View full abstract»

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