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System Sciences, 1991. Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Hawaii International Conference on

Date 8-11 Jan 1991

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  • A descriptive framework for research in group decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):48 - 55 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (624 KB)

    Develops a multidimensional taxonomy which outlines critical research directions for group decision support systems research. This taxonomy, and accompanying criteria, are then used to classify 24 GDSS articles found in major MIS journals. Implications for research are then developed from the classification View full abstract»

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  • Estimation of simultaneous econometric equations using neural networks

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):124 - 128 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (272 KB)

    Presents an approach to formulating and estimating simultaneous equation based econometric models as neural network mapping problems. Conventional econometric methods are briefly surveyed. Motivation for neural network based simulation is discussed. A system of equations for the US economy is estimated using neural networks, and the results are compared with the popular two-stage least squares met... View full abstract»

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  • Beyond information technology: organizational intelligence services

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):38 - 47 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    Intelligent organizations seek cues from their environment and, out of necessity, evaluate consequences of plans with elaborate control systems. This paper explores the direction of change in the evolution of information technology fostered by intelligent organizations. Intelligence information as a basis for linkages between organizational units, organizations, and the environment, will play a gr... View full abstract»

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  • A 3D neural network for business forecasting

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):113 - 123 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    Describes a neural network approach for time series forecasting. This approach has several significant advantages over other conventional forecasting methods such as regression and Box-Jenkins. Besides simplicity, another major advantage is that it does not require any assumption to be made about the underlying function or model to be used. All it needs are the historical data of the target and th... View full abstract»

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  • Designing and managing intelligent information systems: a decision-oriented open systems approach

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):28 - 37 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    Organizations are approaching an era in which intelligent information systems and advanced technology can replace all human functions. The goal of information systems researchers is to develop theories that allow organizations to construct, implement and manage these advanced information systems so that organizational goals are achieved. In this paper, a way of viewing an organization is proposed ... View full abstract»

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  • Designing integrated information facilities to support electronic meetings

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):394 - 402 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (756 KB)

    Facility design is a major factor contributing to the electronic meeting system (EMS) research program at the University of Arizona. The design of work group facilities has been integral to the research program. Beginning in 1984 with Arizona's first workgroup facility, EMS facilities have been designed to complement the vision of the research program. New facilities continue to be designed to res... View full abstract»

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  • Analogical reasoning via intelligent animation: a problem solving methodology

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):102 - 110 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (760 KB)

    Describes the philosophy, design and current implementation of the ARIA project. ARIA (analogical reasoning via intelligent animation) is designed to enable the native analogical reasoning of problem solvers. Enabling takes place with animated graphics and interactive control of the analogic environment View full abstract»

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  • The impact of face-to-face collaborative technology on group writing

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):298 - 307 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (984 KB)

    A discussion is given on the impact of face-to-face collaborative technology on group writing. The authors compared small groups writing managerial memoranda in a computer-supported meeting room, and with conventional writing tools. The computer environment, the Capture Lab, allowed them to study how a technology designed for broad functionality and flexibility in group process affects collaborati... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed artificial intelligence for multi-agent problem solving and group learning

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):13 - 26 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1296 KB)

    The advances in information technology have made computer networks ubiquitous. The increasing uses of distributed processing and electronic meeting systems that involve multiple users necessitate the development of some new principles of information system design that consider the distributed, coordinated nature of group problem solving. This paper describes a framework for designing group problem... View full abstract»

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  • Contrasting neural nets with regression in predicting performance in the transportation industry

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):163 - 170 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    Compares and contrasts traditional regression models with a neural network model, in order to predict performance in the transportation industry. No regression model has emerged as obviously superior in previous work conducted on predicting transportation performance. Therefore, a neural network model was investigated as an alternative to regression. It was found that a neural net model outperform... View full abstract»

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  • Distributed group support systems: experimental design and pilot study

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):386 - 393 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (652 KB)

    Pilot studies are presented whose objective is to explore the decision processes of groups using a distributed group support system. Some of the difficulties inherent in attempting to replicate an experiment are discussed. Using a different collaborative system as the technological platform, differences in system design, population characteristics and other environmental factors affect perceptions... View full abstract»

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  • A critical success factors/applications portfolio approach to determining MIS success

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):267 - 275 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    Many independent variables have been proposed to help `explain' the dependent variable, MIS success. The authors describe a new approach, combining a determination of the firm's critical success factors with its portfolio of MIS applications to create a CSF/applications grid. This grid is then used in a study of 106 apparel and textile firms in the US State of Georgia to determine the extent to wh... View full abstract»

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  • An overview of CARAT: a computer assisted research and analysis tool

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):343 - 353 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (856 KB)

    The Mosaic Group at the University of Arizona studies the design, implementation, testing, and validation of integrated collaborative research systems (ICRS). The authors describe one project of the Mosaic Group, the computer assisted research and analysis tool (CARAT), a system for creating information systems to support research groups. They categorize CARAT as any-time, any-place groupware. CAR... View full abstract»

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  • Direct manipulation support for flexible manufacturing systems using an object-oriented model

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):93 - 101 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    Though interest in flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) has demonstrated a spiraling trend, much of the research in the area tends to be fragmentary, in part due to the complexity of problems in the domain, and the multiplicity of solution strategies employed to address them. This paper proposes a comprehensive model for FMS using an object-oriented representation, that permits addressing of indiv... View full abstract»

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  • The application of neural network based methods to the extraction of knowledge from accounting reports

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):136 - 146 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    Develops a new approach to the problem of extracting meaningful information from samples of accounting reports. Neural network-like algorithms are capable of implementing this approach. Such tools are able to automatically build optimal structures similar to financial ratios. Some results are presented. They suggest that this approach effectively avoids the search of appropriate ratios by the anal... View full abstract»

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  • Creativity improvement intervention in a system development work unit

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):412 - 418 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (20)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (516 KB)

    A creativity improvement intervention was introduced in a work unit of system developers. The five month intervention consisted of three phases: phase I was a training workshop to establish an environment to facilitate creativity and to teach a variety of creativity generation and evaluation techniques; phase II reinforced the concepts/principles taught in the workshop, with opportunities to discu... View full abstract»

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  • Ahead of the pack through vision and hustle: a case study of information technology at Rosenbluth Travel

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):287 - 296 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (13)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (824 KB)

    Rosenbluth Travel has grown from a regional travel agency with $40 million in annual sales to one of the five largest agencies in the US, with sales of over $1 billion. Their strategy was based on exploiting the structural changes initiated by airline deregulation in 1978, including the growth of the corporate travel market and increasing economies of scale leading to consolidation. IT was a funda... View full abstract»

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  • Management gaming on a computer mediated conferencing system: a case of collaborative learning through computer conferencing

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):367 - 371 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (472 KB)

    Effective collaborative learning is essential for management education. Interpersonal skills are particularly important. A computer mediated communication system, augmented with virtual classroom (R) software, was used in conjunction with a micro-computer based management game. Results of the experiment, in terms of game performance, and student group learning experience, were encouraging. Further... View full abstract»

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  • Organization design as expert system design

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):3 - 12 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (728 KB)

    The information processing view of organization design and development is cast in an expert system framework, in which purposeful organizations with cooperating subunits are viewed as rule-based expert systems. The antecedent to a rule corresponds to information available to the subunit and the consequent of the rule corresponds to actions taken by the subunit. Thus, an organization is viewed as a... View full abstract»

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  • Predicting stock price performance: a neural network approach

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):156 - 162 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (18)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (432 KB)

    The prediction of stock price performance is a difficult and complex problem. Multivariate analytical techniques using both quantitative and qualitative variables have repeatedly been used to help form the basis of investor stock price expectations and, hence, influence investment decision making. However, the performance of multivariate analytical techniques is often less than conclusive and need... View full abstract»

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  • Designs & tools to augment collaborative learning in computerized conferencing systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):379 - 385 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (780 KB)

    Consideration is given to the use of computer conferencing for knowledge building and networking, with specific attention to designs and tools to enhance group learning processes and tasks. Field trials of educational computer conferencing demonstrate that with careful attention to design, computer conferencing can support and augment important aspects of active and purposeful collaborative learni... View full abstract»

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  • Wholesale banking information systems restructuring

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):259 - 266 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (588 KB)

    A framework is given that explains structural changes wholesale banks have historically made to systems in the past, in order to adapt to environmental pressures. Further, the authors use the framework to predict that recent wholesale banking environmental changes have again necessitated structural adaptation that has rendered current structures inappropriate. Structural adaptation is viewed in te... View full abstract»

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  • Interorganizational information systems in vertical markets

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):241 - 250 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (912 KB)

    Interorganizational information systems, i.e., systems spanning more than a single organization, are proliferating as companies become aware of the potential of these systems to affect interorganizational interactions in terms of economic efficiency and strategic manipulation. This new technology can have far-reaching impacts on the structure of entire industries. The article identifies two types ... View full abstract»

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  • The design of an integrated group support environment

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):333 - 342 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (836 KB)

    The proliferation of personal computers and communication networks, as well as the movement toward team-based organizations in the business world have generated tremendous interests in the development of group support systems (GSS). The authors present a research project to design and develop an integrated group support environment (IGSE) which provides a wide range of support for group works. IGS... View full abstract»

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  • Prospective freight mega-carriers: the role of information technology in their global ambitions

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):192 - 120 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (780 KB)

    The freight transport industry already applies information technology and systems to provide better customer service levels and reduce costs. The next decade will see the rise of a number of freight mega-carriers able to implement global logistics solutions for shippers. In order to achieve this scale of operation, freight carriers will be relying as never before on information systems. The paper ... View full abstract»

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