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Proceedings of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences

8-11 Jan 1991

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  • Management gaming on a computer mediated conferencing system: a case of collaborative learning through computer conferencing

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):367 - 371 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (472 KB)

    Effective collaborative learning is essential for management education. Interpersonal skills are particularly important. A computer mediated communication system, augmented with virtual classroom (R) software, was used in conjunction with a micro-computer based management game. Results of the experiment, in terms of game performance, and student group learning experience, were encouraging. Further... View full abstract»

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  • Computer supported cooperative work tools and media richness: an integration of the literature

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):324 - 332 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (720 KB)

    An evaluation is given of the successes and failures of computer supported cooperative work tools in terms of a behavioral theory which suggests that information processing occurs during group work to: reduce uncertainty and resolve equivocality. Matching the situation with the appropriate tool is important to implementation success. If uncertainty is the issue, then tools which transmit relativel... View full abstract»

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  • Threats to information system security: an organizational perspective

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):551 - 557 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (508 KB)

    Management's concern with information system security ranks among the ten most important topics in information management. The traditional concerns range from threat by forced entry into computer and storage rooms to destruction fire, earthquake, and hurricane. A more recent concern is the protection of the information system from accidental or intentional threats that might cause the unauthorized... View full abstract»

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  • A 3D neural network for business forecasting

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):113 - 123 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (616 KB)

    Describes a neural network approach for time series forecasting. This approach has several significant advantages over other conventional forecasting methods such as regression and Box-Jenkins. Besides simplicity, another major advantage is that it does not require any assumption to be made about the underlying function or model to be used. All it needs are the historical data of the target and th... View full abstract»

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  • Collaborative hypertext in computer mediated communications

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):357 - 366 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (8)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    A morphological model for hypertext based upon J.P. Guilford's (1956) `theory of the intellect' is presented. The model is proposed as one encompassing the scope of human intellectual abilities in forming concepts and the relationships among concepts. In so doing, it provides a foundation for creation of hypertext as a collaborative group process. Also discussed is the related concept of a `group ... View full abstract»

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  • The conceptualization and development of organizational decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):57 - 64 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (17)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (624 KB)

    Organizational decision support systems (ODSS) are a new type of decision support system (DSS), focusing on the organization rather than the individual or the group. In this paper, various conceptions of ODSS are reviewed, as are several architectures suggested for their construction. The paper ends with a discussion of the information technology on which ODSS can be based View full abstract»

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  • Metaphors and strategic information systems planning

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):231 - 240 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1012 KB)

    It is proposed that: metaphors perform a crucial role in enacting strategy and linking strategic thinking with IT planning; the war metaphor which underlies many of the previous discussions of SISs is inadequate, possibly obsolete, in today's environment, and the shift away from this metaphor in the past few years is evidence of this; alternative metaphors offer potentially more useful foundations... View full abstract»

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  • A group mood meter

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):308 - 323 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (668 KB)

    A compact, graphical notation that captures the affective (socio/emotional) aspects of group interactions as a group mood meter is described. The notation was developed within the context of ongoing groupware research at MCC. The use of the notation for video analysis of human interactions from groupware-supported work sessions is briefly described. Other potential uses of the notation for informa... View full abstract»

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  • Stages of growth in strategic information systems planning (SISP)

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):543 - 550 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (628 KB)

    There has been a rapid increase in recognition of IT and the more integrated role IT has begun to play in the strategy and tactics of a wide range of organisations. Articles on the strategic use of IT have been appearing in the press since 1984. Examples which have been cited include hospital supply systems; airline systems; banking systems; international trade networks. The success of these infor... View full abstract»

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  • Predicting stock price performance: a neural network approach

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):156 - 162 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (26)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (432 KB)

    The prediction of stock price performance is a difficult and complex problem. Multivariate analytical techniques using both quantitative and qualitative variables have repeatedly been used to help form the basis of investor stock price expectations and, hence, influence investment decision making. However, the performance of multivariate analytical techniques is often less than conclusive and need... View full abstract»

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  • Analogical reasoning via intelligent animation: a problem solving methodology

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):102 - 110 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (760 KB)

    Describes the philosophy, design and current implementation of the ARIA project. ARIA (analogical reasoning via intelligent animation) is designed to enable the native analogical reasoning of problem solvers. Enabling takes place with animated graphics and interactive control of the analogic environment View full abstract»

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  • Application software packages for small companies: implementation success and supplier strategy

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):446 - 457 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (944 KB)

    Success in the implementation of microcomputer accounting packages in small companies is discussed. The research data covered information about the development and marketing processes of general purpose accounting packages in software houses and the subsequent purchase and implementation processes in their client organisations. Data analyses include statistics illustrating user opinions concerning... View full abstract»

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  • An overview of CARAT: a computer assisted research and analysis tool

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):343 - 353 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (856 KB)

    The Mosaic Group at the University of Arizona studies the design, implementation, testing, and validation of integrated collaborative research systems (ICRS). The authors describe one project of the Mosaic Group, the computer assisted research and analysis tool (CARAT), a system for creating information systems to support research groups. They categorize CARAT as any-time, any-place groupware. CAR... View full abstract»

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  • A descriptive framework for research in group decision support systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):48 - 55 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (624 KB)

    Develops a multidimensional taxonomy which outlines critical research directions for group decision support systems research. This taxonomy, and accompanying criteria, are then used to classify 24 GDSS articles found in major MIS journals. Implications for research are then developed from the classification View full abstract»

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  • Designing and managing intelligent information systems: a decision-oriented open systems approach

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):28 - 37 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (888 KB)

    Organizations are approaching an era in which intelligent information systems and advanced technology can replace all human functions. The goal of information systems researchers is to develop theories that allow organizations to construct, implement and manage these advanced information systems so that organizational goals are achieved. In this paper, a way of viewing an organization is proposed ... View full abstract»

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  • Information technology in a transnational environment

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):219 - 228 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (860 KB)

    Information technology (IT) has substantially altered societies, economies, and politics, and in the process has transcended state boundaries to form a global environment. Based on an extensive literature review, this paper examines the specific character of IT in a transnational environment and its effects on different societal units in order to understand IT-related issues and their resolution b... View full abstract»

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  • The impact of face-to-face collaborative technology on group writing

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):298 - 307 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (984 KB)

    A discussion is given on the impact of face-to-face collaborative technology on group writing. The authors compared small groups writing managerial memoranda in a computer-supported meeting room, and with conventional writing tools. The computer environment, the Capture Lab, allowed them to study how a technology designed for broad functionality and flexibility in group process affects collaborati... View full abstract»

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  • Job satisfaction, commitment, and involvement of information systems professionals

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):538 - 542 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (288 KB)

    Eighty-three information systems professionals were randomly selected from a US state government agency, three information consulting firms and five FORTUNE 1000 firms. Multiple regression analyses were used to assess how age, career stage, most realistic position in five years, and such work environment factors as feedback, task independence, task identity, variety, uncertainty and autonomy contr... View full abstract»

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  • Organization design as expert system design

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):3 - 12 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (728 KB)

    The information processing view of organization design and development is cast in an expert system framework, in which purposeful organizations with cooperating subunits are viewed as rule-based expert systems. The antecedent to a rule corresponds to information available to the subunit and the consequent of the rule corresponds to actions taken by the subunit. Thus, an organization is viewed as a... View full abstract»

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  • A neural network application for bankruptcy prediction

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):147 - 155 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (508 KB)

    Discusses an application of the back error propagation network for making bankruptcy prediction decisions. Results of simulations with one and two hidden layers with varying nodes are presented. It is observed that the configuration with two hidden layers had a superior classification accuracy compared to the one with a single hidden layer. Based on the initial results it appears that neural netwo... View full abstract»

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  • Direct manipulation support for flexible manufacturing systems using an object-oriented model

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):93 - 101 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    Though interest in flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) has demonstrated a spiraling trend, much of the research in the area tends to be fragmentary, in part due to the complexity of problems in the domain, and the multiplicity of solution strategies employed to address them. This paper proposes a comprehensive model for FMS using an object-oriented representation, that permits addressing of indiv... View full abstract»

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  • A critical success factors/applications portfolio approach to determining MIS success

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):267 - 275 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB)

    Many independent variables have been proposed to help `explain' the dependent variable, MIS success. The authors describe a new approach, combining a determination of the firm's critical success factors with its portfolio of MIS applications to create a CSF/applications grid. This grid is then used in a study of 106 apparel and textile firms in the US State of Georgia to determine the extent to wh... View full abstract»

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  • Towards developing a coherent research framework to measure CASE effectiveness

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):438 - 445 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (752 KB)

    Computer-aided software engineering (CASE) technology has been offered as one approach to the crisis of application software development and maintenance backlogs. Although there are many purported benefits of CASE, empirical validation of these claims remains scant. One reason offered for the absence of quantitative research on CASE is the lack of rigorous and consistent definitions of CASE. In ad... View full abstract»

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  • Individual and organizational changes necessary for the application of creativity techniques in the development of information systems

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):404 - 411 vol.4
    Cited by:  Papers (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (744 KB)

    Creativity theory has been applied to the domain of information systems development only in recent years. A wide variety of creativity techniques are available to assist in problem definition, idea generation, selection of alternatives, and implementation, all of which require large economic investments and environmental changes. These barriers include the lack of certain individual skills and abi... View full abstract»

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  • New means of communication to help commercial carriers: experiments on a European basis

    Publication Year: 1991, Page(s):202 - 209 vol.4
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    The main goal of project COST 306 was to carry out a demonstration of electronic data interchange (EDI) through trials of live operation in the field of transport across national borders, at the European scale (EEC, EFTA), with real international trade partners, to demonstrate the feasibility of using EDI and drawn the conclusions for the future. For that purpose, formed transport chains had to us... View full abstract»

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