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Integration of Knowledge Intensive Multi-Agent Systems, 2003. International Conference on

30 Sept.-4 Oct. 2003

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 125
  • Meaning generation and artificial wisdom

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):401 - 405
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose an interpretation of wisdom in terms of meaning generation in social groups. Sapient agents are able to generate useful meanings for other agents beyond their own capability of generation of self-meanings. This makes sapient agents specially valuable entities in agent societies because they provide interagent reliable third-person meaning generation that provides some functional redunda... View full abstract»

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  • Toward wisdom in procedural reasoning: DBI, not BDI

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):395 - 400
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (532 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Belief, desire, intention (BDI) procedural reasoning agent systems are founded on philosophic presuppositions that may be reassessed to aid the construction of sapient (wise) agents. We propose a fundamental shift in order from BDI to DBI such that desire precedes belief and intention. This reordering may improve the ability of agent systems to wisely utilize procedural reasoning. This reordering ... View full abstract»

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  • Paradigms behind a discussion on artificial intelligent/smart systems

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):392 - 394
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (245 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We use the description of the foregoing paradigms for the benefit of an intelligent vs. smart discourse: 1) AS with consciousness would be the result of the development of quantum computers. 2) AS based on logical modules are implemented using our present computers. AS based on expedient recognizers of the outside-world features are implemented with artificial neural networks with chaotic behavior... View full abstract»

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  • Joint synthetic battlespace (JSB) technology and infrastructure consideration

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):256 - 263
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (647 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Creating all components from scratch is impractical for the joint synthetic battlespace (JSB) due to the huge scope that JSB needs to cover. Spanning training, acquisition, test and evaluation, and research and development, JSB supports the DoD from the detailed engineering level, entity level, mission level, to the operational and strategic levels, while supporting community users. Thus, the JSB ... View full abstract»

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  • Integration of language and cognition at pre-conceptual level

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):280 - 285
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (492 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We discuss mathematical models of the mechanisms that the mind can use for combining language and cognition. I address the problem of concurrent language acquisition and conceptual learning. How a child can learn so fast? In concurrent learning of language and cognitive structures, language helps learning about objects in surrounding world and vice versa, which might explain why we can learn to re... View full abstract»

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  • Object pattern recognition below clutter in images

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):385 - 390
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (408 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We are developing a technique for recognizing patterns below clutter based on modelling field theory. The presentation briefly summarizes the difficulties related to the combinatorial complexity of computations, and analyzes the fundamental limitations of existing algorithms such as multiple hypothesis testing. A new concept, dynamic logic, is introduced along with an algorithm suitable for patter... View full abstract»

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  • A logic-based framework for mobile multi-agent systems

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):754 - 759
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (414 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We present a Prolog-based framework for building mobile multi-agent systems. In this framework, a new concept called "field" is introduced. A field provides data and procedures which are written in forms of Prolog program. An agent can "enter" into a field. Multiple agents can enter into one field, and the data and procedures of the field are shared by the agents. Therefore, agents in a field can ... View full abstract»

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  • Using data-mining to allow robots to discover the preferences of humans

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):438 - 443
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (419 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    One of the problems in the introduction of robots into human societies is teaching the robots about human preferences. A data mining methodology, developed for the analysis of criminal preferences, is extended to allow robots to learn about human preferences. View full abstract»

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  • Integrating organizational knowledge for dynamic scalable multiagent systems

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):184 - 189
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (456 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose a model for rational multiagent reorganizations. Borrowing from organization theory, this approach models organizational structure by its natural dimensions (e.g. stratification, diversification, preservation, distribution). Agents choose reorganizations that maximize expected utility by quantifying the value of increasing or decreasing the organization's structure along its dimensions.... View full abstract»

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  • Agent-based systems key enabler for the army's future force

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):249 - 254
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (562 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The objective is to identify and discuss several potential application areas for intelligent agent technology that will enable the US Army to rapidly transform itself from its current military organization and operational capabilities to that of a future, more modern force structure. The thrust of the US Army's transformation concept is to evolve to a lighter, leaner, faster, more highly mobile an... View full abstract»

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  • Multi-agent moving target search in a hazy environment

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):275 - 278
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (260 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We present the initial stage kinematics based coordination approach as a part of our ongoing study of pursuit of a moving target by multiple problem solvers in a two-dimensional space. The problem-solvers are intermittently blinded by the moving target, and our results showed that increase in the number of agents would lead to catch the target in lesser number of moves. The work done focused on th... View full abstract»

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  • A biologically-inspired concept for active image recognition

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):379 - 384
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (493 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A novel concept is proposed that uses active information gathering for recognizing objects on images. This novel concept mimics recent neurobiological insights on human control of eye movements (TD algorithm). TD algorithms are predictive reinforcement algorithms for learning of action sequences. In the proposed framework, standard techniques, such as template matching, are used as processing step... View full abstract»

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  • Organizing and accessing a comprehensive knowledge base using the World Wide Web

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):529 - 534
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (519 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    To address the problem of information overload in today's world, we have developed START, a natural language question answering system that provides users with high-precision information access through the use of natural language annotations. To address the difficulty of accessing large amounts of heterogeneous structured and semistructured data, we have developed Omnibase, which assists START by ... View full abstract»

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  • Semantic knowledge source integration: a progress report

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):562 - 566
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (417 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Semantic knowledge source integration is an ongoing research project at Cycorp, which is developing technologies that enable users to integrate structured knowledge sources in a variety of formats with the Cyc knowledge base. Once integrated, the contents of the external sources are available to Cyc for question answering as if the source were "part of" the knowledge base. We give a brief overview... View full abstract»

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  • Artificial intelligence and sensor fusion

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):591 - 595
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (457 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Future US air force sensor systems must be able to adapt to changing environments in real time. A capabilities-based modeling approach is a new method being promoted for the building of the next generation weapon systems. To accommodate this modeling approach the Department of Defense (DoD) is promoting the use of waveform diversity for radar systems. Building a weapon system including one or more... View full abstract»

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  • A multi-agent system for natural language understanding

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):36 - 40
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (364 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Natural language processing (NLP) has many applications such as database user interfaces, machine translation, knowledge acquisition and report abstraction. Several approaches have been used in dealing with NLP. We describe an ongoing research project about understanding natural language input using multiagent system techniques. The system combines between a lexical structural approach and a cogni... View full abstract»

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  • A kowledge-based model to database retrieval

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):747 - 753
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (508 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Outside of knowledge management, databases represent the most knowledge intensive systems on our computers today. Yet, the knowledge embedded in these databases is tacit and remains so because, until now, there was no way to capture this knowledge and to integrate it into a suitable knowledge representation. We introduce a new knowledge structure and authoring system that bridges this gap. This kn... View full abstract»

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  • Biologically-inspired algorithms for object recognition

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):364 - 367
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (359 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Neurobiologically-inspired algorithms were investigated for their ability to recognize airplanes on satellite images. Standard segmentation algorithms often segregate objects in several segments or merge sections of objects to one segment. To correct such segmentation errors, we used information on the template object (top-down information) to correct such segmentation errors by merging several se... View full abstract»

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  • NDAS: the nondeterministic agent system for engineering drawing analysis

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):512 - 516
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (368 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We describe the use of nondeterministic agent systems (NDAS) to achieve a more flexible system for technical drawing analysis. They are called nondeterministic because the agents explore alternative parts of the solution space simultaneously, and every agent works to produce some result which may or may not contribute to the final result. (This is a form of speculative parallelism [N. Carriero et ... View full abstract»

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  • Evolution of complex autonomous robot behaviors using competitive fitness

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):145 - 150
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (547 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Evolutionary robotics (ER) employs population-based artificial evolution to develop behavioral robotics controllers. We focus on the formulation and application of a fitness selection function for ER that makes use of intra-population competitive selection. In the case of behavioral tasks, such as game playing, intra-population competition can lead to the evolution of complex behaviors. In order f... View full abstract»

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  • Stochastic search, optimization, and the simultaneous perturbation algorithm - a tutorial

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):676 - 677
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (227 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We present a summary of a tutorial presentation related to stochastic methods for search and optimization. Such methods have wide applicability in the implementation and design of multiagent systems. The first part of the tutorial covers some general principles in stochastic search and optimization and the second part focuses on the "simultaneous perturbation stochastic approximation (SPSA)" algor... View full abstract»

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  • Problems of performance measurement in locally-organized systems

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):432 - 437
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (377 KB)

    We show that many of the modern intelligent systems belong to a wide class of distributed systems. The external behavior of such a system is governed with criteria which induce only partial ordering among various systems. This partial order does not allow building an analytical metrics in the space of such systems, the fact making systems largely indistinguishable. We explain the existence of many... View full abstract»

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  • Elements of the theory of interpretation: a life-and-intelligence (LI)-mimetic approach to education

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):463 - 476
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (938 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The views presented here stem from the multiple factual and methodological resemblances that can be found among many domains of knowledge. The effort started with searching for BIO-mimetic tools of education and arrived at LI-mimetic approach. Admitting the significance of LI-resemblances can be instrumental for restructuring the system of undergraduate education. We are permeated by explications ... View full abstract»

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  • On a computational model of the Peircean semiosis

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):703 - 708
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (370 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    We propose computational approach to the Peircean triadic model of semiosis (meaning processes). We investigate several theoretical constraints on the feasibility of a simulated semiosis within digital computers. These constraints, which are basic requirements for the simulation of semiosis, refer to the synthesis of irreducible triadic relations (sign-object-interpretant). We examine the internal... View full abstract»

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  • Sapient structures for sapient control

    Publication Year: 2003, Page(s):178 - 182
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    The control of autonomous systems requires provision of at least a synthetic form of intelligence or sapience. While descriptions of these are common, there is no current model which relates their definitions to the structure of an information processing system. We have constructed a self-consistent birational general model of a hierarchical system, and associated data, information, understanding ... View full abstract»

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