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Proceedings Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing

11-15 Dec. 2001

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  • Proceedings Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (845 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Development of drying technology utilizing solar energy to dry agricultural and marine products

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (42 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. Drying is a technique to process agricultural and marine products. Drying may be either by sunlight or hot gas. The author has developed a solar drying system that maintains a desirable taste.. The system uses light and heat from solar energy passing through glass. The author has developed a hybrid solar collector that can produce warm water and warm air at the... View full abstract»

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  • EUREKA Project LEADFREE

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (32 KB)

    Summary form only given. EUREKA is a European initiative to co-ordinate research within Europe. In this network LEADFREE has been started in co-operation with several partners from industry and research to evaluate the properties of lead free solder alloys and the reliability of solder joints made of lead free solder. In the project comparative reliability data between various lead free alloys on ... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1145 - 1150
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Product's disassemblability evaluation using information entropy

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):353 - 359
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (766 KB)

    The paper discusses major important issues in design for remanufacturing and focuses on the significance of disassembly evaluation at the design stage. In the first part of the research, various stages of design are elaborated and investigated, keeping in view the important factors responsible to ensure good remanufacturing. Then, in connection with disassembly, four important factors are identifi... View full abstract»

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  • Ecodesign methodology development within the Indian European Ecodesign Program

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):184 - 189
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (900 KB)

    During the last decade (1991-2001), Ecodesign has been tested and implemented successfully in West and Northern Europe, Japan and parts of the United States. However, in many parts of the world, particularly in the newly industrializing countries in Asia, Latin and South America and Africa, experiences with Ecodesign are scarce. The Indian European Ecodesign Program (IEEP) is a three-year collabor... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental accounting at Ricoh

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):654 - 657
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (430 KB)

    Since the mid-1980s, Ricoh has been positively tackling environmental conservation through its efforts to save energy, resource conservation and recycling, pollution prevention, and so on. Today, when the environmental conservation activity has spread throughout the entire business sphere, it is necessary to grasp the amount of investment in environmental conservation and the effect of the investm... View full abstract»

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  • Quality function deployment for environment: QFDE (1st report)-a methodology in early stage of DfE

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):852 - 857
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (503 KB)

    This paper presents a methodology of "Quality Function Deployment for Environment (QFDE)" applied to environmentally conscious design in the early stage of product development. QFDE has been developed by incorporating environmental aspects (Environmental requirements and Environmental engineering specifications) into QFD to handle the environmental and traditional product quality requirements simu... View full abstract»

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  • LCA of machine tools with regard to their secondary effects on quality of machined parts

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):347 - 352
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (565 KB)

    Machine tools are considered important sources for environmental unconsciousness because of the many environmental emissions during machining operation. However, machine tools are also responsible for the unconsciousness of the parts they produce which we call "the secondary effect of machine tools on environment". We propose a new concept to evaluate the LCA of machine tools with respect to their... View full abstract»

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  • Trend of halogen free printed wiring board materials

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1026 - 1031
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (547 KB)

    Halogen-free PWB materials have been studied from the viewpoints of environmental characteristics and fire safety. In the cases of FR-4 and RCF (Resin Coated Foil), the ways of making P/N-family epoxy resin flame retardants have mainly been examined. As such, a flame retardant nature meeting UL94V-0 has been realized, with the generation of dioxins and hydrogen halides successfully precluded View full abstract»

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  • Applicable methods for sustainable development for small and middle-size companies

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):180 - 183
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (486 KB)

    Small and middle-size companies have a limited availability of personnel and financial resources for environmental issues as well as a lack of know-how as compared to the larger enterprises. They need a more pragmatic methodology to utilize their potentials for sustainable products. Current literature and industry sources provide only incomplete or abstract approaches. The research project present... View full abstract»

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  • Upgrading Pb-free soldering technology (2) -flow soldering

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1076 - 1078
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (358 KB)

    In this study the challenge is the upgrading of wave soldering for Sn-Ag-Cu system lead free solder, especially under conventional soldering temperatures of 523K. In order to improve solderability of Sn-Ag-Cu solder, a solderability test using practical wave soldering equipment and a wettability test have been conducted. As a result, it has become clear that the shape of wave former and wave width... View full abstract»

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  • The development of the Ecodesign course for Industrial Design students and professionals in India

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):648 - 653
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (607 KB)

    The Indian Institute of Technology at Delhi (IITD), in a collaboration project with Delft University of Technology (DUT), The Netherlands and with INETI, a Portuguese research institute, has initiated a project to create an Ecodesign Network in the Delhi region in India. The curricular part of the project is oriented to the development of Ecodesign courses for Industrial Design students and profes... View full abstract»

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  • An outline of activities by the Committee of Design for Environment (DfE), Japan, 1994-2001

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):848 - 851
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (448 KB)

    The committee of design for environment (DfE committee) was launched in 1994 responding to the reguestfrom the then Ministry of international Trade and Industry (MITI). The Japan Environmental Management Association for Industry (JEMAI) has been supporting the committee activities as the secretary office. The committee has been active in collecting up-to-date information related to the DfE commitm... View full abstract»

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  • JIEP project for low-temperature lead-free solders and its report on questionnaire survey

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1050 - 1054
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (419 KB)

    The Japan Institute for Electronic Packaging (JIEP) has been carrying out a research project investigating low-temperature lead-free solders. This report describes the background of the project and the results of a questionnaire to companies dealing with lead-free soldering. The questionnaire elicits present points of view of Japanese manufacturers on low-temperature lead-free solders View full abstract»

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  • Ecological improvement of the vending machine using LCA method

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):341 - 346
    Cited by:  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (724 KB)

    "LCA (life cycle assessment)", which can assess the environmental aspect and potential impact associated with a product "from the cradle to the grave" synthetically, has become noteworthy. The software "MieLCA", which can be operated easily on a personal computer to conduct LCA-NETS (Numerical Eco-Load Total Standardization) was composed by employing the LCA method "ESS" (Eco-Load Standardization ... View full abstract»

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  • Development of environmentally friendly epoxy-resin compounds without toxic flame retardants and their application to electronic parts

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1020 - 1025
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (483 KB)

    We developed self-extinguishing epoxy-resin compounds that contain no environmentally hazardous flame-retardants such as halogen or phosphorous derivatives, and used these compounds to develop an integrated circuit (IC) molding compound and an insulating material for printed wiring boards (PWBs). The new epoxy-resin compounds consist mainly of phenol-aralkyl-type epoxy resins and hardeners; stable... View full abstract»

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  • Selection and implementation - key activities to successful use of EcoDesign tools

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):174 - 179
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (553 KB)

    The paper presents a discussion on the need for support tools for integrating environmental aspects into product development. There are several objections towards applying such a tool, however, the fact that product developers ask for support by tools must be taken into consideration. The authors advocate that tools could be an effective way forward, with the condition that tools are selected in c... View full abstract»

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  • Environmentally-benign manufacturing as a systems science

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):876 - 879
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (402 KB)

    Environmentally-benign manufacturing does not operate as an isolated subsystem, but within higher levels of corporation and society. From an environmental standpoint, the ideal focus is to achieve optimum performance across the system, not at a single systems level. The paper proposes a four-level system for environmentally-benign manufacturing and provides examples of performance at each level th... View full abstract»

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  • Overview of IMS project; next generation environmental friendly soldering technology "EFSOT"

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1070 - 1075
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (498 KB)

    The 21st century can be called the era of the environment, and various efforts are being made to protect the global environment. For the materials used in the soldering of electronic circuits, there is also concern over the harmful effects of Pb, which is an important component of those materials, and so there is a trend to eliminate the Pb component. Under this background, and founded on the reco... View full abstract»

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  • On process planning with multiple agents: environmentally conscious decisions among feasible process plans

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):471 - 476
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (658 KB)

    For many problems involving the choice of a process plan from among those generated by a process planner with multiple agents, the formulation and calculation of an objective function based on utilities or preferences is unnecessary as well as time-consuming and likely to introduce errors or inaccuracies into the analysis. Instead, the decision can and should be based on cost minimization using pr... View full abstract»

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  • A study on the marketability of the next generation community vehicle (NCV21)

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):122 - 127
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (518 KB)

    This study deals with the marketability of Class 1 environmentally friendly automobiles, or NCV21, using the "Seven Tools for New Product Planning". The evaluation of consumer acceptance of Class 1 was clarified by conducting an interview survey, questionnaire survey and positioning analysis. The most preferred Class 1 concept was obtained using the conceptualization method, idea screening method ... View full abstract»

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  • Internet based Ecodesign education

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):642 - 647
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (766 KB)

    Ecodesign education for Industrial Design Engineering students plays an important role to provide future engineers with sufficient background and capabilities to apply Ecodesign in their daily work. Since 10 years the Design for Sustainability (DfS) program at Delft University for Technology (DUT) provides to all the Industrial Design Engineering students, the course "Introduction to Ecodesign". B... View full abstract»

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  • Creating business value by linking industrial ecology with business strategy and product design

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):842 - 847
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (538 KB)

    This paper introduces an approach describing how an organization can use its own improvement methods and tools to develop a customer-driven environmental strategy that enhances its business strategy. The following steps were briefly described. First, key customers who express the environmental voice of the customer are identified and prioritized. Second, this environmental voice is collected and t... View full abstract»

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  • Design and evaluation of the recycle of home appliances: an application of Market Microstructure Theory

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):678 - 683
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (530 KB)

    This paper describes how a recycling market is constructed and what conditions are necessary to realize the recycling. Recently we face the various environment problems and we are trying to solve them. In Japan, the Law for Recycling of Specified Kinds of Home Appliances was enforced in April 2001. Firms have responsibility for recycling their own products, while consumers have to pay money for wa... View full abstract»

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