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Proceedings Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing

11-15 Dec. 2001

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  • Proceedings Second International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (845 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Development of drying technology utilizing solar energy to dry agricultural and marine products

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (42 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. Drying is a technique to process agricultural and marine products. Drying may be either by sunlight or hot gas. The author has developed a solar drying system that maintains a desirable taste.. The system uses light and heat from solar energy passing through glass. The author has developed a hybrid solar collector that can produce warm water and warm air at the... View full abstract»

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  • EUREKA Project LEADFREE

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (32 KB)

    Summary form only given. EUREKA is a European initiative to co-ordinate research within Europe. In this network LEADFREE has been started in co-operation with several partners from industry and research to evaluate the properties of lead free solder alloys and the reliability of solder joints made of lead free solder. In the project comparative reliability data between various lead free alloys on ... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1145 - 1150
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Global responsibility: sustainable development in information and communication technology

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):900 - 904
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (527 KB)

    Companies in the field of electronics and in particular the information and communication technology (ICT) are facing great challenges and opportunities with regards to sustainable development and the ongoing trend towards a global information society. The paper gives a short outlook on future tasks with respect to sustainable development, followed by two examples (EEE Directive and NIK-Roadmap-Pr... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a life cycle design guideline for inverse manufacturing

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):143 - 148
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (530 KB)

    For achieving the sustainability, it is essential to establish sustainable product life cycles that minimize resource consumption and discharge of emissions and wastes, while keeping and increasing wealth. This paper discusses fundamental issues of life cycle design, which is defined as integrated design of business strategy, life cycle strategy; product, and processes. For guiding determination o... View full abstract»

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  • Journey to a Sustainable World

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):895 - 899
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (493 KB)

    Environmental attributes are becoming a factor of growing importance at all stages of an electronic product's life cycle from design to end-of-life. The Journey to a Sustainable World is Motorola's theme for its environmental programs. The paper highlights the activities of Motorola's Environmental Technology Programs, focusing on its product goals and activities to achieve these goals. Additional... View full abstract»

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  • Proposal for spiral design approach

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):137 - 142
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (549 KB)

    The purpose of this study is to develop a design approach for information appliances based on life cycle design perspective for the network computing ages. This paper focuses on the design approach and the tools designers will need for the proposed design approach. Based on the life cycle of artifacts and the evolution of artifacts, spiral design is a proposed design approach for information appli... View full abstract»

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  • "Life Cycle Value index" for industry ecology in housing

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):892 - 894
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (353 KB)

    The article proposes an alternative index of performance over time termed: Life Cycle Value (LCV) index, that integrates qualitative performance with LCA and LCC. The article presents a case study to verify the applicability of the LCV index to housing. Qualitative aspects for assessing the LCV index in housing are listed and are then related to adaptable performance of housing to ever changing re... View full abstract»

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  • Application of ecodesign in nonferrous metal industry in China

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):132 - 136
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (464 KB)

    In this paper the authors analyze the environmental situation of nonferrous metal productions in China, introduce the basic concept of ecodesign and prospect the application of ecodesign in the activities of design for nonferrous metals industry. The author wish this paper will be cause attention from the metallurgists, and further be beneficial for improving/solving the environmental issues of no... View full abstract»

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  • Integrated product policy (IPP) and eco-product development (EPD)

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):672 - 677
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (485 KB)

    Integrated Product Policy (IPP) is a European Union (EU) level initiative aimed at reducing the environmental burden of products and services throughout their life cycles by using a toolbox of policy instruments to green markets through greening both the demand side (consumption) and the supply side (product development). IPP is part of a growing trend within environmentally advanced countries in ... View full abstract»

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  • Design of product modularity for life cycle management

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):93 - 96
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (434 KB)

    A methodology to develop product modular structures that enhances life cycle management without reducing product variations of family products is proposed. Possible improvements and constraints of life cycle management of products that have modular structures are discussed. Modular structures of air conditioning units for automobiles are examined according to expected life cycle scenarios. Well-de... View full abstract»

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  • Environmental effect analysis - how does the method stand in relation to lessons learned from the use of other design for environment methods

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):864 - 869
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (599 KB)

    The paper presents Environmental Effect Analysis (EEA), which is a qualitative method for DfE. This method has been developed in close co-operation with the industry. The method is designed to be used in the early phases of product development and also considers the economical and technical aspects. The paper starts with a literature review of general lessons learned from the use of DfE methods. T... View full abstract»

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  • Cyclic damage of some high strength alloys showing subsurface crack generation in high-cycle fatigue

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):426 - 431
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (589 KB)

    Ti-6Al-4V alloy, austenitic steels and hard steels show subsurface crack generation in the high cycle fatigue regime, especially at low temperature. The cyclic stress-strain behavior of those materials has been studied in this paper. A small plastic strain during cycling was detected. It is concluded that subsurface crack generation involves a strain incompatibility developed between the continuou... View full abstract»

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  • Industrial ecology in off-site building component industry: Case study on bathroom units sectors

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):886 - 891
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (630 KB)

    The paper proposes the idea of 'ecological material use' which is defined as material use where waste production and environmental impacts are reduced within the scope of product lifecycles. The paper discusses possible ecological material use of off-site building elements. It exemplifies a case study on a prefabricated three-dimensional package of a bathroom (bath-unit). Based on the interview, t... View full abstract»

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  • A framework for Web-enabled e-maintenance systems

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):450 - 459
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (913 KB)

    Web-enabled technologies play indispensable roles in supporting and enabling product life-cycle systems in a changing business environment. The need to improve a product's performance in after-market services leads to the use of e-maintenance systems for achieving six-sigma predictive customer services. This paper presents a framework for Web-enabled e-maintenance systems. With the proper integrat... View full abstract»

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  • Considerations of process flexibility in design of chemical processes for satisfaction of economic and environmental objectives

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1012 - 1017
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    This paper explores a method by which considerations of process flexibility can be examined along with economic and environmental objectives during process design. A new index of process flexibility is developed, which relies on the assertion that only those design conditions leading to simultaneous enhancement of economic and environmental performance over a base case design are desirable. The ap... View full abstract»

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  • A study on comparison of life cycle energy consumption and CO2 emission in grains production-transportation in Japan and Heilongjiang province of China

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):791 - 796
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB)

    For the purpose of discussing the current situation of resource consumption and environmental loading in grain supply systems, a preliminary case study of life cycle analysis for the grain production and transportation process both in Japan and the Heilongjiang province of China is examined. Attempts are made to calculate energy consumption and CO2 emission throughout the life cycle of ... View full abstract»

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  • The influence of copper smelter requirements on design rules for electronics

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):128 - 131
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (301 KB)

    An inventory of the copper smelters that can accept electronic scrap has been conducted. In addition, information has been gathered about their requirements on the content of the scrap. Figures (and qualitative requirements) have been received showing both the maximum allowable concentration of elements and maximum concentrations of elements accepted without economic penalties for the end-of-life ... View full abstract»

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  • From a factory to a person: one approach for sustainable and service-oriented manufacturing scheme

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):666 - 671
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (572 KB)

    The most important issue of manufacturing in the 21st century is the change of manufacturing scheme from mass-production/consumption to a new one that enables sustainable development. The authors propose a new manufacturing scheme that opens manufacturing activities, knowledge, skills, and facilities, which have been enclosed in industrial factories, to everybody who wants to develop and fabricate... View full abstract»

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  • Waste utilization by melting and crystallization technology

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):939 - 944
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (420 KB)

    Waste recycling has been proposed due to limited waste disposal sites in Japan. At first, melting technology has been applied in which melted slag was used for construction material such as road materials. As the use of melted slag was limited because of its physical strength and other properties, mixing slag with natural stones and other resource materials was considered. Therefore, the crystalli... View full abstract»

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  • Development of disassembly support system for mechanical parts and its application to design considering reuse/recycle

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):372 - 377
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (653 KB)

    Recently, the design for disassemblabality/recyclability becomes more important from the viewpoint of Life Cycle Assessment or Emission-Minimum. Therefore, a disassembly support system which can be applied to the design considering reuse/recycle is developed. First, an algorithm for verifying disassemblability of parts as briefly explained. Next, a method for estimate the total number of feasible ... View full abstract»

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  • Combined strategies for recycling product and process oriented benchmarking

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):31 - 36
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (792 KB)

    As in any design activity there is the need to compare the performance of products with other products or predefined goals. This enables to develop strategies to outstrip products currently available on the market and to become best in class. The benchmark method is the suitable approach for this task. The objective for a recycling oriented development is to reach a high recycling ratio in the sen... View full abstract»

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  • Design for upgradable products considering future uncertainty

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):87 - 92
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (528 KB)

    Conventional products tend to be thrown away because of functional obsoleteness before reaching the end of the physical life of the products. This is one of the main causes of the mass disposal problem. In order to solve this problem, the paper proposes a design methodology for upgradable products. In particular, the paper discusses a method dealing with uncertainty caused by long-term planning in... View full abstract»

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  • Service engineering to intensify service contents in product life cycles

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):613 - 618
    Cited by:  Papers (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (567 KB)

    This paper discusses how to establish service engineering that is intended to intensify service contents of product life cycles. Intensification of service and knowledge contents within product life cycles is considered crucial for dematerialization, in particular, to design optimal product-service systems from the viewpoint of environmentally conscious design and manufacturing in advanced post in... View full abstract»

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