Seventeenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of Conference (Cat. No.02TH8576)

18-18 Jan. 2002

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  • Seventeenth Annual Battery Conference on Applications and Advances. Proceedings of Conference (Cat. No.02TH8576)

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (377 KB)

    The following topics are dealt with: new batteries; space applications; military applications; aqueous batteries; materials processing; electric vehicle batteries; hybrid vehicle batteries; Pb-acid batteries; Li-ion batteries; Ni-MH batteries; and Ni-H/sub 2/ batteries. View full abstract»

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  • Authors index

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s): xi
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Development and evaluation of large lithium/thionyl chloride batteries for unmanned undersea vehicle (UUV) power

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (68 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. NSWC Carderock Division is presently supporting the Mine and Undersea Warfare Unmanned Undersea Vehicle Office PMS-403 by conducting test and evaluation of large Li/SOCl/sub 2/ cells and battery assemblies to be used in the AN/BLQ-11 Long Term Mine Reconnaissance System vehicle. These tests support performance evaluations, but are foremost safety verification a... View full abstract»

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  • Development of an inorganic additive to active materials of lead acid batteries

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (64 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. The most prominent type of additives that have been used over the years for lead acid batteries are those that impact the functioning of the active materials. Whereas the positive active material (PAM) is usually additive free the negative active material (NAM) is usually modified by a variety of additives, both organic and inorganic. We start off by defining ac... View full abstract»

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  • Micro X-ray diffraction studies of battery material interfaces

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (36 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. Detailed study of surfaces and interfaces over small distances is critical to understanding the behavior of batteries and other power sources. This paper presents information on micro X-ray diffraction as a means of identifying compounds in areas as small as 50 microns. A technique for compound mapping of active material/electrode interfaces is given and its uti... View full abstract»

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  • Air electrodes performance in zinc-air batteries for portable devices

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (68 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Summary form only given as follows. Zinc-air batteries operate by using oxygen from the air at the positive electrode and oxidation of zinc metal at the negative electrode. Oxygen from the air is reduced at the air electrode and the zinc electrode oxidizes to form zinc oxide (ZnO). This process generates the electrochemical energy of the system. The zinc-air system is unique in that zinc-air cells... View full abstract»

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  • Hybrid battery system for a pocket computer

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (57 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. Hybrid battery systems that contain both primary and secondary cells may offer compelling advantages for our smallest and most personal electronic devices. While either commodity alkaline cells or a Li-ion pack are used in most such applications today, small air-breathing power sources, such as metal-air cells and fuel cells, promise much higher specific energy ... View full abstract»

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  • Advanced battery systems for portable consumer electronics

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (34 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. The US portable consumer battery market is reviewed. Technology trends relating to lithium, nickel metal hydride, alkaline and fuel cell battery systems are discussed. Key attributes are compared including cost, performance, consumer convenience and value. Projections are made regarding future developments and possible long term winners in the market place. A Ra... View full abstract»

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  • Integration of electric drive vehicles with the power grid-a new application for vehicle batteries

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (11)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (71 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Summary form only given as follows. Most personal transportation vehicles sit parked about 22 hours each day, during which time they represent an idle asset. Vehicles that incorporate electric propulsion could be utilized as power sources while parked because the drive systems include the fundamental elements for generating AC power. Utilizing idle vehicles to provide valuable electric power funct... View full abstract»

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  • Advancements in Ni-MH batteries for high drain rate applications

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (92 KB)

    Summary form only given. Saft Rechargeable Battery Systems (RBS) has been developing and enhancing battery systems for mobility applications such as electrical bikes, scooters, motor-scooters, cars and trucks. That covers the cells, the battery design, and battery intelligent electronics to monitor charge and discharge. Saft enhanced its Ni-MH technology to deliver high discharge currents of 30 A ... View full abstract»

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  • X-ray computed tomography (CT) critical nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of nickel-hydrogen spacecraft batteries

    Publication Year: 2002
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (77 KB)

    Summary form only given as follows. This paper focuses on the methods and techniques of applying CT X-ray analysis to nickel-hydrogen spacecraft cells and batteries. Computed tomography X-ray analysis provides high-resolution quantitative imaging of internal battery components and structures, including metals, alloys and nonmetallic composites. Boeing is equipped with two independent scanning syst... View full abstract»

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  • Authors index

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):303 - 304
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Li ion cell performance for space application

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):179 - 182
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (334 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    SAFT has been testing different lithium ion cell products for space application since 1997. Presented here are the accelerated GEO tests with different depth of discharges (DOD) for 44 Ah cells with G4 chemistry. LEO tests are updated with 40 Ah cells with prototype chemistry. Accelerated LEO tests of 18650 cells are updated too View full abstract»

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  • Recent advances in lithium-ion and lithium-polymer batteries

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):173 - 178
    Cited by:  Papers (10)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    There have been increasing efforts to develop new and novel electrolytes and electrode materials to improve the capacity, energy density, cycle life, and the performance of lithium batteries with enhanced safety. These batteries have the potential to meet the needs of several new medical device applications as well as the growing needs of portable electronic devices. Improved cathode materials are... View full abstract»

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  • Status of Panasonic battery R&D

    Publication Year: 2002
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (51 KB)

    With battery OEMs continuing to push for smaller, lighter, cheaper rechargeable batteries, Panasonic is introducing several new lithium-ion prismatic, cylindrical and coin cells. In this presentation the author introduces Panasonic's latest lithium-ion cells and the performance results achieved. The author also discusses some of the most important trends and their impact on battery development and... View full abstract»

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  • Synthesis of hexa-methoxy-cyclo-tri-phosphazene and studies of its use as a flame retardant additive in Li-ion electrolytes

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):167 - 172
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (283 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The flame retardant (FR) additive hexa-methoxy-cyclo-tri-phosphazene [NP(OCH3)2]3 was synthesized using the literature procedures. The electrochemical and thermal properties of Li-ion electrolytes containing hexamethoxy-cyclo-tri-phosphazene additive were measured using cyclic voltammetry and accelerating rate calorimetery. The effect of this additive on the electr... View full abstract»

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  • A novel, forty-two volt, horizontal plate battery design

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):7 - 12
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (678 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, the authors present a novel, forty-two volt, lead acid battery design having horizontal plates. The horizontal plate configuration allows two lugs to be placed on each plate so that the plate's conductive distances are reduced. The short conductive distances coupled with a thin plate design that reduces the battery's ionic resistance results in a high power battery. The proposed bat... View full abstract»

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  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and its applications to lithium ion cells

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):273 - 277
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (352 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is a nondestructive technique often used to understand the interfacial behavior in electrochemical systems. The ability of the technique to segregate various processes, i.e., ohmic conduction, charge transfer interfacial charging, mass transfer etc, makes it an elegant technique for electrochemical systems. Its applicability to lithium ion cells is furt... View full abstract»

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  • 90-ampere-hour nickel-hydrogen dependent pressure vessel (DPV) low Earth orbit (LEO) life test evaluation

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):35 - 40
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (276 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Three 90-Ah dependent pressure vessel (DPV) battery packs are being LEO life tested at Crane. As of 9/10/01, the 40% DOD pack has completed 4863 total cycles, and the 60% DOD pack has completed 2885 total cycles. The third pack, formerly tested at 71% DOD but currently run at 60% DOD, had 2067 total cycles as of 9/24/01. The philosophy of these tests is to minimize charging to maximize life, so al... View full abstract»

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  • Cycling behavior of nanophase Cu6Sn5 anodes

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):165 - 166
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (199 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Alloy anodes offer the advantages of higher capacity and enhanced safety compared to graphite. One alloy that has received attention is Cu 6Sn5. A major problem with Cu6Sn5 and alloys in general is their poor capacity retention upon cycling. It was observed that a nanophase Cu6Sn5 alloy produced by a chemical method has increased c... View full abstract»

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  • Novel alkali and alkaline earth hydrides for high voltage and high energy density batteries

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):1 - 6
    Cited by:  Patents (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (545 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    BlackLight Power, Inc. (BLP) of Cranbury, New Jersey, is developing a revolutionary technology based on novel hydrogen chemistry. More explicitly, energy is catalytically released as the electrons of atomic hydrogen are induced to undergo transitions to lower energy levels corresponding to fractional quantum numbers with the production of plasma, light, and novel hydrogen compounds (1-35). The Com... View full abstract»

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  • High specific energy lithium-ion cell with carbon-carbon composite anode

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):73 - 78
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (411 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Prototype lithium-ion cells are configured to investigate the capacity utilization of lithiated nickel cobalt dioxide cathode with MCMB and carbon-carbon composite anode materials at different charge voltages. Both anode materials can be used to obtain high cathode capacity utilization at higher charge voltages. The combined electrode capacity utilization is higher for C-C/LiNiCoO2 than... View full abstract»

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  • Method for verification of precharge in nickel hydrogen batteries

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):269 - 272
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (248 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Methods for storing nickel hydrogen batteries and cells continue to be of interest due to the degradation that may occur as a result of loss of precharge within the cells. Most launches require storage of the batteries for a period of time prior to final installation. Knowledge of the state of charge during this time along with the precharge is important. This is especially true for batteries used... View full abstract»

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  • Lithium ion battery automotive applications and requirements

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):113 - 118
    Cited by:  Papers (6)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (425 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper reviews the potential automotive applications for lithium ion (Li-ion) batteries. Various applications are considered in terms of the battery system requirements. USABC and PNGV goals are referenced as they provide general specifications which apply to most original equipment manufacturers. Battery system design assumptions, such as electronic controls, modeling, and thermal management ... View full abstract»

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  • High-specific surface area, three-dimensional reticulated electrodes for deep cycle lead-acid batteries

    Publication Year: 2002, Page(s):19 - 24
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (504 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Power Technology Inc. has developed two types of proprietary reticulated, high specific surface area (⟩ 1000 m2 m-3) current collectors for lead-acid batteries manufactured by casting and plating, respectively. The comparative performance of the reticulated and standard grid-type current collectors was studied by single-cell battery testing and scanning electron microsco... View full abstract»

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