Proceedings 29th Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop

16-18 Oct. 2000

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  • Proceedings 29th Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop

    Publication Year: 2000
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A harbor, a bomb, a wall-geopolitical context and the emergence of America's national reconnaissance imaging capability

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (39 KB)

    Summary form only given. The early days of the Cold War had vivid memories of World War II and a challenge to see into denied territories. From this emerged a new capability to image from space-a capability that was innovative, daring, and one of the nation's most closely guarded secrets. This capability saw the development and operation in the 1960s of Corona-a series of photoreconnaissance satel... View full abstract»

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  • Orbital remote sensing of the Earth's surface: a review

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (53 KB)

    Summary form only given. This paper reviews the early years of remote sensing of the earth's surface, as distinguished from its atmosphere, and shows the influence of manned space flight, in particular the Apollo Program. The first orbital-altitude pictures of the earth were taken from sounding rockets in the 1950s, and eventually led to terrain photography by astronauts of the Mercury, Gemini, an... View full abstract»

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  • Optically reconfigurable gate array

    Publication Year: 2000
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (100 KB)

    Summary form only given, as follows. Reconfigurable processors, like the Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), open new computational paradigms where the processor is able to tailor its internal structure to better implement a given application. A typical FPGA consists of an array of configurable logic blocks and a mesh of interconnections fully programmable by the user to perform a given applic... View full abstract»

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  • Digital fluorescence technique for biomedical applications

    Publication Year: 2000
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (60 KB)

    Summary form only given. We are investigating an optoelectronic imaging technique for localizing fluorescence probes in biologic specimens and experimental animals and analyzing the uptake, localization, and significance of these agents in biological structures. A prototype, digital optical imaging system consisting of a white light illuminator with an optical fiber light guide, a custom designed ... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):283 - 284
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • A vector coding method for natural images

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):146 - 150
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (296 KB)

    A new vector coding for natural image, which has a compressive algorithm, is presented and the image features showed in this method are described. The pixel-value-boundary contours on RGB or YCrCb planes of natural images are expressed by function approximation and then their contour shapes are predicted from similar contours in the decoder side. The proposed vector coding method has two main meri... View full abstract»

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  • The equivalency processing parallel photonic integrated circuit (EP 3IC), a parallel digital equivalence search module

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):64 - 70
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (696 KB)

    We present an optoelectronic module called the equivalency processing parallel photonic integrated circuit (EP3IC). EP 3IC is created specifically to implement high-speed digital parallel equivalence searches (i.e. a database word search or multimedia search). The module implements a parallel computation model with multiple-wavelength photonic integrated circuit technology. B... View full abstract»

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  • A software tool to predict SAR signatures for building modeling

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):245 - 251
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (880 KB)

    A software tool has been developed to predict the SAR signatures created by buildings. The tool is an integration of a building model editor with a SAR signature simulation algorithm. The SAR signature simulator is capable of producing single and multiple bounce signatures from building model inputs. These signatures are computed in near real time and are displayed as colored graphic overlays supe... View full abstract»

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  • Image compression using fast transformed vector quantization

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):141 - 145
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (256 KB)

    Digital image compression is an important technique in digital image processing. To improve its performance, we attempt to speed up the design process and achieve the highest compression ratio where possible. For speed improvement, we used a fast Kohonen self-organizing neural network algorithm to achieve big saving in codebook construction time. For compression purpose, we propose a new approach,... View full abstract»

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  • Development of mammogram computer-aided diagnosis systems using optical processing technology

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):173 - 179
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (712 KB)

    Mammogram computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems based on digital image processing algorithms are under development. These systems act as an aid to the radiologist, providing image cues of the locations of likely cancer lesions, and they have been shown to increase lesion detection performance. The use of state-of-the-art hybrid optical and digital processing technologies affords a reduction in pr... View full abstract»

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  • Volumetric optical storage and associative/content-based retrieval

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):57 - 63
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    Advances in optical storage using optical volumetric memory have provided for the storage and readout of data in a parallel page-oriented form. Several approaches have been proposed for the associative/content-based retrieval of text and imagery. This paper presents several optical data storage methods and proposed techniques for associative/content-based retrieval using optical correlation, optic... View full abstract»

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  • High accuracy registration and targeting

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):235 - 241
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1008 KB)

    Advanced programs at BAE SYSTEMS-Mission Solutions has implemented high accuracy registration and targeting (HART) unit, which is a system for automated, multi-sensor, multi-date, image-to-image registration. HART combines N-image registration with a rigorous photogrammetric adjustment algorithm to achieve an automatic and precise geopositioning of imagery. HART is comprised of three top-level fun... View full abstract»

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  • A fast color quantization using a matrix of local pallets

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):136 - 140
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (536 KB)

    We present a robust color quantization method based on the matrix of local pallets. The method proposed extracts a set of one-dimensional colors resulting from image partitioning. Image windowing depends upon the image variance which gives information on color dispersion. The color sets are then used to form the rows of the local pallet matrix that will be used as a smaller image. The selection of... View full abstract»

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  • Parallel associative search by use of a volume holographic memory

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):78 - 83
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (544 KB)

    Volume holographic memory can offer massively parallel associative search capability in addition to high capacity data storage. After holograms have been stored into a photosensitive material, an optical correlation of an input user query against all co-locationally stored patterns can be made simultaneously, resulting in fast search speed. We describe a correlator based on a 90 degree geometry ho... View full abstract»

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  • Image processing and pre-processing for medical ultrasound

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):187 - 192
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (800 KB)

    Much attention is now being focused on techniques to improve the quality and information content of ultrasonic images of the body. Many of these techniques employ digital pre-processing of coherent echo signals prior to image generation. Examples of these procedures include: resolution enhancement; contrast enhancement (using frequency-domain techniques) to suppress speckle; and imaging of spectra... View full abstract»

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  • Computer diagnosis of mammographic masses

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):166 - 172
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (632 KB)

    The objective of this work is to provide a probability of malignancy of a mammographic mass to the interpreting physician. Using the location of a mass, it is automatically segmented using fuzzy clustering. Features are extracted from the segmentation results using morphological, first-order statistical, and texture measures. Selection of relevant features is done using sequential selection. Fitne... View full abstract»

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  • Image retrieval with relevance feedback

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):85 - 91
    Cited by:  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    The proposed system for image retrieval using multidimensional features (IRMF) characterises and matches image content in a high dimensional feature space of colour, texture and shape dimensions. By including the entire pyramid of low-, medium-, and high-level primitives, the semantics of image content at different feature levels can be represented and extracted efficiently for image retrieval. Th... View full abstract»

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  • Confronting clouds: detection, remediation and simulation approaches for hyperspectral remote sensing systems

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):25 - 31
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (704 KB)

    Water and ice clouds and other aerosols will significantly impact the performance of air and space based hyperspectral remote sensing systems. The effects are seen both in terms of optically thin layers intervening in the sensor line-of-sight and in the impact of cloud shadowed illumination on observed materials. While contamination is expected more often than not, many experiments and algorithms ... View full abstract»

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  • Image quality assessment of sparse aperture designs

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):269 - 282
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (512 KB)

    Increasing the available imaging time of a remote sensing satellite over a specified ground area can be accomplished by placing the satellite in a higher, more elliptical orbit. This, however, will also require the satellite to be farther away from the Earth, thus reducing the resolution of the images. If the aperture size of the optics can be increased proportional to the increase in the satellit... View full abstract»

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  • Shape classification using a radial feature token

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):47 - 53
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (448 KB)

    This paper presents a process for classifying shapes in digital images using a radial feature token. This shape classification process has been implemented as the ALISA(R) shape module, the third module in the adaptive learning image and signal analysis (ALISA) system hierarchy, which also includes geometry and texture classification modules. Shape classification in images is a challeng... View full abstract»

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  • Geometric invariants for rational polynomial cameras

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):223 - 234
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1144 KB)

    Remote sensing imaging systems map object points, located at 3D coordinates (x, y, z) in object space, to image points located at 2D (line, sample) coordinates in image space. For central projection imaging systems such as conventional cameras, the object-to-image mapping may be modeled as ratios of linear polynomials: line coordinate is P(x, y, z)/R(x, y, z) and sample coordinate is Q(x,y,z)/R(x,... View full abstract»

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  • Rapid data reduction and target detection in literal imagery

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):129 - 135
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1048 KB)

    We present a method to perform target detection in EO imagery by rapidly reducing imagery data volume as algorithmic complexity increases. The technique is based on perceptual grouping of segmented regions through generic geometric, intensity and topology constraints that distinguish vehicles from the background. At each of the three processing stages, greater than 90% data reduction can be achiev... View full abstract»

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  • Multimodality tissue identification for neurosurgery: the NASA Smart Probe project

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):153 - 157
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (504 KB)

    Real-time tissue identification can benefit procedures such as stereotactic brain biopsy, functional neurosurgery, and brain tumor excision. Optical scattering spectroscopy has been shown effective at discriminating cancer from non-cancerous conditions in the colon, bladder, and breast. The NASA Smart Probe extends the concept of "optical biopsy" by using neural network techniques to combine the o... View full abstract»

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  • Ultra-high transfer rate high capacity holographic disk digital data storage system

    Publication Year: 2000, Page(s):71 - 77
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (680 KB)

    We describe a fully functional, hardware implemented, high data rate (1 Gbit/sec) high capacity digital holographic data storage photopolymer disk system. High density holographic recording is achieved using high-resolution short focal length optics and correlation shift multiplexing. Sustained data transfer rates as high as 10 Gbit/s in optical domain have been achieved View full abstract»

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