Management of Engineering and Technology, 2001. PICMET '01. Portland International Conference on

July 29 2001-Aug. 2 2001

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  • Technology Management in the Knowledge Era [front matter]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):i - xvi
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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):835 - 836
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Characterisation of technology roadmaps: purpose and format

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):367 - 374 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (624 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Technology roadmapping is an approach that supports the integration of technological considerations into product and business planning. The method has been widely adopted by industry, although its implementation can represent a challenge to managers in terms of initiating the process, and then keeping it 'alive'. This paper describes a 'fast-start' technology roadmapping process that has been deve... View full abstract»

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  • Profiting from innovations in digital information goods: the role of intellectual property rights

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):471 - 480 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1008 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Advances in digital technology have substantially reduced the costs of reproducing and distributing digital information goods such as computer programs and games, documents, and works of music. Yet while abuses of intellectual property rights are difficult to trace, and infringement suits are expensive and uncertain to prosecute, innovation in these goods has continued unabated. This paper asks: H... View full abstract»

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  • Biostatistics: the hidden path to life science innovation

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):610 - 617 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (736 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This exploratory paper investigates the infrastructure for life-science-based new product development. The practice of biostatistics has long been seen as a crucial element of the regulatory process for approving the release of new drugs and medical devices, but the authors hypothesize that it serves a larger role in the new product development process in pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms. To... View full abstract»

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  • Engineers, entrepreneurs and the commercialization of technology

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):81 - 84 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (336 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Engineering and entrepreneurial skills are essential ingredients in the commercialization of technology. This paper examines the two skill sets. Engineering favors conservative, proactive, risk-averse, individuals committed to technological feasibility. Entrepreneurship demands visionary, optimistic, risk seeking, individuals who are good communicators. These skill sets rarely reside in a single i... View full abstract»

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  • The value of project risk management

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):570 - 576 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (584 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Managing project risk costs money. This paper considers the bottom-line justification for project risk management and the question of whether there is some optimal level of investment in this activity. Few guidelines exist as to how an appropriate balance between risks and rewards can be achieved. This paper develops a simple model based on utility theory which can be used to compare the benefits ... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge management in international technology transfer

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):355 - 364 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (896 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The research empirically explores how knowledge transfer is managed within firms by using modern information technologies (ITs) and the problems which are encountered. The results indicate that the utilization of ITs has allowed companies to store, share and distribute knowledge; facilitated worldwide collaboration; and facilitated rapid international technology transfer View full abstract»

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  • Management of e-technology in China

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):69 - 78 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1048 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    "e" technology is bringing about many challenges for companies, in particular for their managers. This concerns a vast range of business processes in many sectors of the economy and in nearly every country of the world. In rapidly industrializing China, companies and other organizations are actively finding their way by adapting, developing and exploiting new e-technologies. The paper's focus is t... View full abstract»

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  • Selecting military weapon systems development portfolios: challenges in value measurement

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):403 - 410 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (968 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Economic measures such as internal rate of return (IRR), net present value (NPV), and return on investment (ROI) are commonly used in evaluating commercial-based R&D projects. However, such economic measures in their commercial form are of little use in evaluating weapon systems development efforts. This paper examines challenges faced by the Department of Defense in determining weapon system ... View full abstract»

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  • Management and policy concerns in the transition to the knowledge driven economy in Japan

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):829 - 834 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (2)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (568 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, an analysis is made of the management and policy concerns in the transition to the knowledge driven economy in Japan. A comprehensive viewpoint is taken on what is meant by knowledge driven, embracing more than the new economy, or IT revolution. Japan has been competitive in the old economy, but may be lagging behind in the new economy. The traditional areas of strengths in the old ... View full abstract»

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  • Knowledge transfer and the limits to profitability: an empirical study of problem-solving practices in the semiconductor industry

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):349 - 354 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (560 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A broadly based empirical study of problem-solving practices in the semiconductor industry reveals that the inability to transfer knowledge rapidly is limiting the profitability of semiconductor manufacturers. Extremely high user loss rates force users and suppliers of semiconductor process and diagnostic technology to solve problems as rapidly as possible. Unfortunately, both sides possess knowle... View full abstract»

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  • An empirical analysis of differences between sustaining and disruptive technology innovations

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):109 - 116 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (576 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A survey of firms engaged in the commercialization of sustaining technologies or of disruptive technologies is analyzed to determine differences in firm characteristics, situational issues and firm history View full abstract»

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  • The technology vicinity: a location based view on technology

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):444 - 452 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (792 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The issue of technology transfer has been viewed from many different perspectives. In this case the focus is on the process of (production) technology transfer. One of the difficulties in studying international technology transfer is the definition of technology. The many technology definitions that exist are either too 'loosely' formulated or they require thorough expert knowledge. This results i... View full abstract»

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  • Technology transfer and succession planning: the relevance of make-or-buy analysis

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):439 - 443 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (464 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Replacement of ageing process technologies is an ongoing requirement for manufacturing businesses, raising the opportunity to outsource old technologies for an interim period. A structured approach to this traditional problem is given, utilising a new make or buy framework and methodology, with a case example from the domestic appliance industry View full abstract»

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  • Organizational changes in product development in various process industries

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):589 - 598 vol.2
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (904 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper discusses organizational changes in development projects in various process industries due to new product development. What brings this change forward and what kinds of problems need to be solved for the companies so that they can carry out this change? What role does the strategic competence supply play in this organizational change in product development projects? Does an industry's t... View full abstract»

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  • Management of the cross media impacts of municipal landfill sites: the Delphi technique

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):659 - 671 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (2064 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Most of the existing solid waste disposal sites in Malaysia are practising either open dumping or controlled tipping because the technology of proper sanitary landfill practice is not totally implemented. The environmental conditions from these sites are thus expected to be bad especially in terms of the contamination of soil, air, surface and underground water, and also impacts on flora and fauna... View full abstract»

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  • Evaluation and selection processes of petroleum exploration and development projects: an empirical study

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):411 - 422 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (992 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The paper describes the decision-making process of US petroleum companies in identification, evaluation and selection of petroleum exploration and development projects. The information was gathered through a combination of literature survey, input from expert panel and survey responses from decision-makers in petroleum companies. The paper discusses methodology, analyses and results of the study View full abstract»

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  • The role of small and medium-sized enterprises in developing Egypt's tourism industry using e-Commerce

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):60 - 68 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (856 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As the world moves into the information age, consumers' expectations are being radically altered with the advent of the Internet and the flow of information and knowledge it provides to the global community. Moreover, with the continuous development of e-Commerce, businesses of different sizes and from various industries can enhance its productivity and profitability in ways deemed almost impossib... View full abstract»

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  • Can innovative R&D performance be managed

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):151 - 159 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (928 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Companies around the world look toward their R&D function for innovative ideas that can be transferred to market for economic gain. Yet, managers often argue that innovative R&D performance is difficult to measure and nearly impossible to control. The findings of a field study into technology-oriented R&D environments show that effective management of innovative R&D teams involves ... View full abstract»

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  • Supply chain management-conception of a collaborative planning approach in case of short-term requirements alteration

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):736 - 740 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (528 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The optimisation of the entire supply chain becomes ever more important due to increasing competition and a stronger customer orientation. In this context, new future solutions are expected by production planning and control systems that enable a fast and flexible planning and control on an inter-company collaborative basis. For this purpose, a paradigm change regarding the cooperation with preced... View full abstract»

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  • Strategically specific technology fields of Korean regions

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):821 - 828 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (736 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper argues that regional innovation systems that are established around "strategically specific technology fields (SSTFs)" will constitute a competent national innovation system by formulating an efficient sectoral innovation system in an organic way. We identified SSTFs of Korean regions based on the harmony among industrial structure, S&T potential, and the will of the regional govern... View full abstract»

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  • IT supported complex technology transfer in high-tech sector

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):431 - 438 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (800 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    High-tech companies encounter great challenges to transfer their complex technologies to developing and emerging markets due to the characteristics of technology, receiver and receiving country. By utilizing the diffusion of innovation theory and a case study method, a framework for new and innovative IT-enhanced technology transfer is presented which facilitates improved performance of the transf... View full abstract»

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  • Transfer of technological knowledge-an action and technology perspective

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):337 - 348 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (1024 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In managers' minds technology transfer still is being considered as something like: I put together this package, then I hand it over to you and then it's done! Often enough, as a result of such kind of transfer of knowledge, the recipient will not be enabled to increase his or her ability to act. This paper focuses on how firms have can overcome the problems of traditional 'package' thinking in th... View full abstract»

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  • Turkish entrepreneurs in information and communication industry

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):100 - 106 vol.2
    IEEE is not the copyright holder of this material | Click to expandAbstract |PDF file iconPDF (632 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    As entrepreneurship is an important tool for the development of future growth sectors, this paper attempts to analyze the dynamics of entrepreneurs in information and communication technology-based firms. By using the results of a survey, the paper shows how entrepreneurs in a developing country context set up firms and what problems they have and what they suggest for the improvement of entrepren... View full abstract»

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