ITSC 2001. 2001 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems. Proceedings (Cat. No.01TH8585)

25-29 Aug. 2001

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  • 2001 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Proceedings [front matter]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):i - xxi
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  • ITSC 2001. 2001 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems. Proceedings (Cat. No.01TH8585)

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | PDF file iconPDF (509 KB)
    Freely Available from IEEE
  • Pedestrian simulation model for Hong Kong underground stations

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):554 - 558
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (548 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Discomfort, frustration and concerns for safety of pedestrians increase with the increase of congestion level within underground/railway stations. Pedestrian walking behavior is of prime importance in the study of planning and design of the underground stations during peak hours. This paper reports an investigation on the behavior of pedestrians in Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway (MTR) stations dur... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1235 - 1237
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  • Evolution programming applied to the railway line design in the presence of terrain obstacles

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1084 - 1089
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (328 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The paper presents a method of railway track geometric layout design by making use of evolutionary programming. The suggested method of design offers a wide capability in shaping the track system and it is suitable for the computing technique currently in use. In the paper the new method has been applied to the design tasks consisting of avoiding terrain obstacles along the curvilinear transition ... View full abstract»

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  • Maintaining the identity of multiple vehicles as they travel through a video network

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):756 - 761
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Large vision infrastructures have recently been installed, or are under construction in many major metropolitan areas. These networks of cameras offer enormous volumes of data from large areas. However, most work in ITS computer vision is constricted to the use of either single cameras, or small numbers of cameras. There is an enormous amount of information available from the fusion of data from m... View full abstract»

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  • Intelligent simulation system for Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway operation

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1079 - 1083
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (320 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    By analyzing the state transfer of the Guangzhou-Shenzhen railway operation system and using an expert system technology method, an intelligent simulation model for this complex hybrid system is presented. With the help of expert system shell tool G2, this intelligent simulation system is set up in a Windows NT environment. It provides an experiment tool for the simulation research of Guangzhou-Sh... View full abstract»

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  • Using topological constraints as context for the joint classification of image regions in a traffic environment

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):750 - 755
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (672 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents an approach using context knowledge in form of topological constraints to improve the classification result for an automated scene analysis. The approach consists of an initial segmentation, in which the image is divided into a set of disjoint regions based on their respective color values and a subsequent joint classification, where the generated image regions are assigned to ... View full abstract»

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  • Busview: a graphical transit information system

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1073 - 1078
    Cited by:  Papers (3)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1016 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The design and implementation of a distributed transit vehicle information system is presented. The system, which is called Busview, delivers real-time transit vehicle location data to the traveling public via the World Wide Web. The data is presented in graphical format on a variety of display windows. Functionality of the program is described, and innovative features are highlighted. Characteris... View full abstract»

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  • SVM-based detection of moving vehicles for automatic traffic monitoring

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):745 - 749
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A traffic surveillant system must be capable of working in all kinds of weather and illumination conditions, such as shadows in a sunny day, vehicle reflections in a rainy day and vehicle headlights in the evening. In this paper we propose a robust algorithm to detect real moving vehicles and eliminate the influence of shadows and vehicle headlights by using a pattern classification method. On acc... View full abstract»

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  • Wireless content delivery and user profiling

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):973 - 975
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Summarizes a project on the delivery of real-time traffic information in the PEMS database to wireless phones. The goals are to give users access to travel time estimates and predictions over a selected route, and congestion information for a particular highway segment. Users can set up and store their profiles on the PEMS database to customize their favorite list of routes using a web browser, an... View full abstract»

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  • The CarLink II pilot program: testing a commuter-based carsharing model

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1067 - 1072
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (552 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The automobile is the dominant travel mode throughout the U.S., while transit accounts for less than four-percent of market share. Between these principal modes, niche markets exist for other transportation services, such as transit feeder shuttles and carsharing. Commuter-based carsharing, in which individuals share a fleet of vehicles linked to transit, could potentially fill and expand one such... View full abstract»

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  • Modeling of human behaviors in real driving situations

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):643 - 646
    Cited by:  Papers (9)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (232 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A model of human behavior could be used to produce improved human-machine systems and, in particular, an automated highway system to improve the safety of current highways. Pentland and Liu have demonstrated that they can categorize human driving actions very soon after the beginning of the action using dynamic Markov models. The experiment was conducted within a driving simulator instrumented to ... View full abstract»

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  • Vehicle detection in static road images with PCA-and-Wavelet-Based classifier

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):740 - 744
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (392 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Detecting vehicles from static road images is a difficult task since motion information is no longer usable. This paper presents an algorithm for this task with a pattern classifier built on the principal component analysis or PCA technique. Wavelet transform is adopted in feature extraction phase. Experiments on real road images show the effectiveness of this algorithm View full abstract»

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  • Managing a pool of self service cars

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):943 - 948
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Addresses the transportation problem using public electric cars. The management of this new form of transportation means considering two issues: the redistribution of the cars among the stations, and the recharge problem. We describe how we managed these two issues View full abstract»

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  • Performance comparisons of inter-vehicle communication networks-including the modified V-PEACE scheme proposed

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):968 - 972
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (344 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Conventional schemes such as pure-ALOHA, slotted-ALOHA, non-persistent CSMA and the V-PEACE scheme for IVCN (inter-vehicle communication networks) are compared including investigations of information contents and a required frequency bandwidth. Moreover, the modified V-PEACE scheme representing a vehicle's precise position is proposed and compared with the conventional schemes. Results of the comp... View full abstract»

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  • Path-planning algorithms for public transportation systems

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1061 - 1066
    Cited by:  Papers (5)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (584 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Computing travel plans for desired trips in public transportation systems is not exactly the same as finding a shortest driving path in a given area. Path planning in the context of public transportation systems must consider the route constraint that public vehicles serve on particular paths and that passengers cannot order the drivers to change the bus routes. Explicit representation of the rout... View full abstract»

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  • Real-time vehicle location with desired accuracy

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):160 - 165
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (15)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (512 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Magnetic markers are provided on automated highway system for lateral control of vehicles within a lane. We propose a pseudo-noise (PN) code to be carried by the magnetic markers. The PN code will be used by vehicles for range measurement. Every vehicle is provided with the code layout on the road with respect to the physical location of every binary magnetic signal. A vehicle has a replica of the... View full abstract»

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  • Insights on a stable route guidance model for real-time deployment

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):39 - 44
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (440 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper explores the stability issues for a dynamical system based traffic assignment model for vehicular traffic networks equipped with advanced information systems and develops a real-time deployable solution algorithm. Experimental analysis suggests that the algorithm can efficiently provide real-time stable solutions while accounting for time-dependent variations in the system. The results ... View full abstract»

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  • A methodological framework for integrated control in corridor networks

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):637 - 642
    Cited by:  Papers (1)  |  Patents (2)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (608 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents a framework for an integrated control system, with an embedded travel demand model that reflects drivers' response to the control strategy. The integrated control problem is formulated as an optimal control problem of determining such control variables as the on-ramp metering rates, the minimum green duration, the maximum green duration (or force off), background cycle length (... View full abstract»

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  • Nonlinear filter road vehicle model development

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):734 - 739
    Cited by:  Papers (4)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (480 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper describes the first results of the investigation efforts performed in the development of the high-accuracy multisensor vehicle state estimation scheme. The use of UKF (Unscented Kalman Filter) in the state estimation scheme and vehicle model development framework is proposed. The first nonlinear vehicle model developed in this framework is also described. The model is able to cope with ... View full abstract»

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  • Control of the hopping apparatus

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):385 - 390
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    The problem of synthesis of the stabilization system of hopping apparatus is considered. After a brief exposition of the construction of this apparatus and principles of control of such a device, an algorithm of optimization of periodic systems, containing uncertainty, is explained. This algorithm is based on the linear matrix inequalities. It is shown how this algorithm can be used for synthesis ... View full abstract»

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  • Finding a path in the hierarchical road networks

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):936 - 942
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (592 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In a hierarchical road network, all roads can be classified into two groups according to their attributes, such as their speed limit and the number of lanes. By splitting the whole network into high-level and low-level subnetworks, the size of the road network to be searched can be reduced, and more human-oriented paths can be obtained. In this paper, we define a convenient path in the hierarchica... View full abstract»

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  • Space division multiple access (SDMA) for robust ad hoc vehicle communication networks

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):962 - 967
    Cited by:  Papers (44)  |  Patents (38)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (600 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Proposes a robust, self-organizing architecture for mobile ad hoc networks. The network architecture, space division multiple access (SDMA), relies on user location information and provides users access to the communication channel based on their location. SDMA divides the geographical space, where users are located, into smaller spaces. The key element of the design is a one-to-one map between th... View full abstract»

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  • Communications resources management for advanced telematics applications

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):1056 - 1060
    Cited by:  Papers (2)  |  Patents (7)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (424 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Vehicles in the future will have significant increases in capability and demands for wireless communications resources. Applications include vehicle status and maintenance information, navigation information, entertainment, and concierge services. To meet these needs, the vehicle must have the capability to allocate and prioritize communications resources in response to the needs of applications. ... View full abstract»

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