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Proceedings International Symposium on Technology and Society

6-7 July 2001

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Displaying Results 1 - 25 of 34
  • Proceedings International Symposium on Technology and Society

    Publication Year: 2001
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    Freely Available from IEEE
  • "Star Wars" revisited-a continuing case study in ethics and safety-critical software

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):51 - 60
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (1024 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Safety-critical software is a core topic in courses on "ethics and computing" or "computers and society," as well as in software engineering courses. The Reagan-era Strategic Defense initiative (SDI) was the focus of a great deal of technical argument relating to design and testing of safety-critical software. Most of today's students have no familiarity with the substance of the SDI arguments. Ho... View full abstract»

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  • Author index

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s): 263
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
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  • The engineer shall hold paramount the health, safety, and welfare of the public. Unless, of course…

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):162 - 167
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (496 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Engineering codes of ethics commonly state in the first canon that the engineer shall hold paramount the health, safety, and welfare of the public. Although this is an unequivocal statement, engineers at times choose not to do so. In this paper I discuss five circumstances in which the engineer might choose not to hold the health, safety, and welfare of the public paramount: (1) if the engineers b... View full abstract»

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  • Bridging the cultural chasm: Improving collaboration and cooperation between the computer and social sciences

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):19 - 27
    Cited by:  Papers (3)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (732 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper examines the cultural chasm between computer scientists and social scientists and suggests ways and benefits of closer interaction and possible collaboration. Specifically, it presents exploratory research on the attitudes of computer scientists concerning the need for social research in computer system design, the efficacy of social science and the utility of social scientists in this ... View full abstract»

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  • Early Bell system/independents relationships

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):187 - 191
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (376 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Through years of teaching the history of the information and communication industry I have been confounded by what appears to be a specific reversal of attitude of AT and T in dealings with Independent Telephone Companies (Independents). I am referring to corporate policy between the years 1907 and 1913. Before Theodore Vail returned to AT and T in 1907, the corporation was regarded as a most pred... View full abstract»

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  • All this and engineering too: history of accreditation requirements for nontechnical curriculum content in U.S. Engineering Education 1933-2000

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):155 - 161
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (644 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    A concern for the non-technical side of engineering education has been a part of the accreditation process in the U. S. since the founding of the Engineering Council for Professional Development (ECPD) in 1932. The first accreditation policy published in 1933 left the specific criteria for curriculum content up to the discretion of the members of the accrediting panel. In 1955, a minimum of one-ha... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics, law and technology: a case study in computer-mediated communication

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):125 - 134
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (844 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The Internet poses particular challenges to traditional legal methods of regulating online behavior. Some theorists argue that the Internet is capable of collective self-regulation that provides reasonable protection to activities occurring on the global net. Others respond that while the social norms that create the basis of collective self-regulation do provide real constraint in cyberspace, sof... View full abstract»

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  • Russian technology and highly educated personnel on the modern American market

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):95 - 104
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (812 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The economic and social aspects of the Russian technology and manpower transfer to the American market are under research. While analysing the direct and indirect forms of the work of the Russian highly educated personnel for American companies, main case studies are made in software industry. The stimulus for the Russian personnel's direct outflow to the American labor market (produced both by Ru... View full abstract»

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  • Toward a new era for chemical engineering education: making environmental and ethical issues fundamental

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):244 - 251
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (680 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Given the relationship between manufactured chemicals and environmental degradation, chemical engineers need to be acutely aware of the implications of their designs and their responsibilities. The best way to promote such awareness and responsibility is to make these issues an explicit part of undergraduate chemical engineering education. Such an expansion of the curriculum is supported by the ne... View full abstract»

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  • Teaching business/IT ethics

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):13 - 18
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (396 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper describes the research and conclusions regarding adding an ethics course to a business/technology oriented masters program. The status of various codes of ethics and the incorporation of such codes into the business and academic world is discussed. Established collage ethics courses and the government propensity to regulate social change are discussed. The decision not to add the course... View full abstract»

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  • Enhancing computer ethics by increasing collaboration and peer learning

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):61 - 66
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (452 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    It has been said that students learn more when they are actively engaged in coursework. With this is mind our course in Computer Ethics has been significantly changed to increase collaboration and enhance peer learning. A large portion of this change was made possible by using the Web-Based Course Management System, Blackboard Course Info and designating the course “speaking intensive”... View full abstract»

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  • On subjectivity in focal engineering

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):177 - 184
    Cited by:  Patents (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (592 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The concept of focal engineering is discussed as a means of taking institutional care for the impact of engineering technologies on the lifeworld. The individual focal engineer is presented as moving into the intersubjective conversation of the lifeworld from out of her/his authentic subjectivity. The engineering enterprise is considered as a contextual phenomenon, including three contextual layer... View full abstract»

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  • Ethics education for engineers: an industry perspective

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):149 - 152
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (248 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Lockheed Martin Corporation has ethics as its number one value. It involves every element of our business, our relationships and goes beyond just the letter of the law. It is about doing what is right. It is certainly about compliance and meeting out commitments. It is also about providing an environment where employees can be the most productive, innovative, supported, able to fully focus on cust... View full abstract»

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  • What is the key to globalisation? [social aspects of automation]

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):117 - 124
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (684 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In a five-year period, between 1993 and 1998, the number of Internet sites grew 200-fold. Accordingly, there are now an estimated 304 million global Internet users, an increase of 78 percent from 1999. Another appreciable trend is who is using the Internet and from where. Recently released research found that the United States and Canada now account for less than 50 percent of total user growth. T... View full abstract»

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  • Humanities and social sciences in engineering education-postwar to postmodern and beyond

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):73 - 81
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (800 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The impact of EC2000 on the humanities/social sciences (HSS) component of engineering curricula concerns both engineering and HSS faulty members. This paper reviews how the events of the last fifty years have affected the role of the HSS in engineering education. After World War II a strong effort was made to strengthen the scientific basis of the undergraduate engineering curriculum to better pre... View full abstract»

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  • An existentialist ethic of technological application and assessment in medicine

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):87 - 91
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    Medical technology should preserve meaning before prolonging life. It is a matter of justice that technological interventions into circumstances of unavoidable suffering should preserve and facilitate a better understanding of meaning in suffering or alleviate suffering even through hastened death. A longer life is not necessarily a better life. Because of the advancements in medical technology, c... View full abstract»

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  • Social informatics and service-learning as models for teaching ethical and social issues in science and engineering

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):235 - 243
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (708 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper presents a framework for the treatment of ethical and social issues in science and engineering curricula. This framework is based on the basic foundations of applied engineering ethics, adaptation of the structure of the meta-discipline of social informations, and a developmental variant of the service-learning pedagogy based on Perry's cognitive-structural model for intellectual develo... View full abstract»

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  • The role of discourses in multidisciplinarity

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):7 - 12
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (424 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper deals with the role of discourses and dialogues in multidisciplinary processes and their relation to engineering education. Discourses are an effective method in shaping multidisciplinary dialogues. Awareness of multidisciplinary reflection is growing due to two effects: Increasing specialization of the engineering disciplines and increasing impact of technology on daily life. Many engi... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering as social and ethical practice: the role of new course accreditation requirements

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):221 - 225
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (416 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper begins with a brief exploration of the rapid changes in the practice of engineering during the twentieth century, and particularly over its last few decades. Engineers now routinely work across national and cultural boundaries and in multi-disciplinary teams. While engineering practice draws on a range of technical knowledge and skills, it is also a social activity that continues to sha... View full abstract»

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  • Engineering professionalism and the imperative of sustainable development

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):168 - 176
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (796 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    This paper articulates preliminary foundations for a philosophy of engineering ethics grounded in the two principles of professionalism and sustainable development. These two grand themes, moreover, answer to the demands of the ABET 2000 criteria and the fulfilment of such proclamations as the American Society of Engineering Education (ASEE) Statement on sustainable Development Education and the W... View full abstract»

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  • Educating Frankenstein: an interdisciplinary approach to teaching undergraduate computing and ethics

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):28 - 37
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (860 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The author argues that many textbooks designed for undergraduate courses in computing and ethics do not help students become socially responsible designers and users of information technology because they don't encourage critical reflection on the meaning of technology in human experience. A pedagogy is described that is organized around the theory and methodology of phenomenology. Its goal is to ... View full abstract»

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  • Safety in the workplace of 1904

    Publication Year: 2001
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (56 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    Today the issue of safety in the workplace is accepted. There are texts, photographs and films emphasizing the goal of a safer work environment. An appreciation of the lack of workplace safety in 1904 is difficult when the available materials are limited to texts and pictures. However, industrial films were made 1904 and they are now available on the Internet. These films show the practices of the... View full abstract»

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  • Technical authority in the media: public debate on the Strategic Defense Initiative

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):137 - 144
    Cited by:  Papers (1)
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (716 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    In this paper, I will examine the role of technical authorities in the US news media debate about the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) in the mid-1980's. I argue that individuals either appropriated or attacked technical authority as suited the individual's political views. In the first section, I show that although scientists opposed to SDI attacked both its technical and strategic wisdom, prop... View full abstract»

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  • Ethical issues with target marketing on the Internet

    Publication Year: 2001, Page(s):105 - 113
    Request permission for commercial reuse | Click to expandAbstract | PDF file iconPDF (692 KB) | HTML iconHTML

    The popularity of the Internet and World Wide Web (WWW) heightens the issue of target marketing and the vulnerability of some segments. There is an ethical concern that the ability to accurately target market certain segments that are deemed vulnerable allows these groups to be exploited by marketers. This paper explores ethical issues related to target marketing to vulnerable groups on the Intern... View full abstract»

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